Burma's opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi 'honest' about desire to become the country's president


Asia Correspondent

Burma's opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi has underlined her desire to become the country’s president, saying to pretend otherwise would be dishonest. She also said that if everyone in the country benefited from democratic reforms it would be harder for them to be rolled back.

Speaking at a meeting of the World Economic Forum in the capital Naypyidaw, something that would have been inconceivable just two years ago, Ms Suu Kyi said Burma’s leaders needed to embrace more reforms.

“I want to run for president, and I am quite frank about it,” she said, according to the AFP.  “There are those who say that I shouldn't say that I want to run for the presidency, but if I pretended that I don't want to be, I wouldn't be honest. And I want to be honest to my people.”

Ms Suu Kyi and around four-dozen of her colleagues from the National League for Democracy (NLD) were elected to parliament in a by-election held last spring. The NLD is expected to be the largest party following elections scheduled to be held by 2015, when Ms Suu Kyi would be 70.

But for Ms Suu Kyi to be elected president by the parliament there would need to be an amendment to the constitution, introduced in 2008, which blocks anyone who has a foreign spouse or children from the position. The rule was deliberately introduced by then military junta to limit the aspirations of Ms Suu Kyi, whose late husband, Michael Aris, was a British academic. Their two sons are also British.

Changing the constitution is possible but requires a majority of more than 75 per cent of the parliament, where 25 per cent of seats are reserved for unelected military officials. For Ms Suu Kyi and the NLD to achieve its aim, they would need to persuade all of the elected members of the parliament and at least one of the military officers to vote with them.

Asked about the challenge on Thursday, Ms Suu Kyi said: “I don’t believe in indulging in optimism. Changes have to come by endeavour. We are going to work for the constitution to be amended.”

The hosting of the WEF event Naypyidaw underscored the rapid change that has taken place in Burma since President Thein Sein embarked on a series of democratic reforms and released Ms Suu Kyi from house arrest. Most US and EU sanctions were suspended last year and a host of Western companies have rushed to Burma looking to do business with a country that was largely off-limits for decades.

Earlier this week, the consultancy firm McKinsey estimated that Burma’s economy could quadruple by 2030 if it was able to attract sufficient investment. Western companies are keen to strike deals for Burma’s array of natural resources, though they face tough competition from companies from China, Thailand, South Korea and India, which have been operating there for some years.

“You come to Myanmar at a pivotal moment in our history. We are working hard to move from military rule to democracy,” Thein Sein told delegates at Thursday’s opening ceremony. “I promise you that we will not waver in this task.”

Earlier this week, Britain’s most senior military officer, Gen Sir David Richards, spent two days in Burma, meeting with civilian and military leaders. Sir David, chief of the British defence staff, said in a statement he had discussed with his military counterparts the “importance of security sector reform, and the role of the armed forces in a democratic system”.

He also said he talked about the possibility of  training cooperation between Burmese and UK forces, though a ministry of defence spokesman said nothing had been agreed so far. Burma has a sizeable but ill-equipped military and would be a target for Western arms manufacturers should sanctions that still prohibit the sale of weapons to the country be lifted

But while Burma is attracting businesses and wooing opinion makers in Naypyidaw, critics say the country needs to make many more reforms. They also point to ongoing ethnic and religious conflicts in the country. More than 140,000 Muslim Rohingya refugees remain living in wretched conditions in tent camps in the western state of Rakhine following anti-Muslim violence last year that left more than 200 people dead.

Zoya Phan, an activist who was forced to flee Burma in 1995, said she was recognised as a young global leader by the World Economic Forum and attended a 2010 event in Tanzania. Yet she said she remained on a government black-list and could not return to her own country. She also said hundreds of political prisoners remained behind bars.

“I would ask those delegates to take a look at Burma beyond Naypyidaw and Rangoon,” said Mr Phan, who now works with the Burma Campaign UK “In Kachin state there is violence, in Rakhine there is violence against the Rohingya.”

Ms Phan, who wrote of her experiences in a memoir, Little Daughter, added: “On the surface it looks as if things are changing. But if you dig a little deeper you will see it is not.”

Start your day with The Independent, sign up for daily news emails
Life and Style
Fans line up at the AVNs, straining to capture a photo of their favourite star
life Tim Walker asks how much longer it can flesh out an existence
Life and Style
Every minute of every day, Twitter is awash with anger as we seek to let these organisations know precisely what we think of them
techWhen it comes to vitriol, no one on attracts our ire more than big businesses offering bad service
Professor David Nutt wants to change the way gravely ill patients are treated in Britain
people Why does a former Government tsar believe that mind-altering drugs have a place on prescription?
Norway’s ‘The Nordland Line – Minute by Minute, Season by Season’ continues the trend of slow TV
Have you tried new the Independent Digital Edition apps?
ebooksA special investigation by Andy McSmith
Arts and Entertainment
Jonny Evans has pleaded not guilty to an FA charge for spitting at Papiss Cisse
Life and Style
Kate Moss will make a cameo appearance in David Walliams' The Boy in the Dress
The image released by the Salvation Army, using 'The Dress'
Liverpool defender Kolo Toure
football Defender could make history in the FA Cup, but African Cup of Nations win means he's already content
Latest stories from i100
Have you tried new the Independent Digital Edition apps?
Independent Dating

By clicking 'Search' you
are agreeing to our
Terms of Use.

iJobs Job Widget
iJobs General

Ashdown Group: Technical Presales Consultant - London - £65,000 OTE.

£65000 per annum: Ashdown Group: Technical Presales Engineer - central London ...

Recruitment Genius: Physiotherapist / Sports Therapist

£20000 - £50000 per annum: Recruitment Genius: A Physiotherapist / Sports Ther...

Recruitment Genius: Sales Executive / Advisor

£8 - £9 per hour: Recruitment Genius: Sales Executives / Advisors are required...

Recruitment Genius: Warehouse Operative

£14000 - £15000 per annum: Recruitment Genius: An opportunity has arisen for a...

Day In a Page

Homeless Veterans campaign: Donations hit record-breaking £1m target after £300,000 gift from Lloyds Bank

Homeless Veterans campaign

Donations hit record-breaking £1m target after huge gift from Lloyds Bank
Flight MH370 a year on: Lost without a trace – but the search goes on

Lost without a trace

But, a year on, the search continues for Flight MH370
Germany's spymasters left red-faced after thieves break into brand new secret service HQ and steal taps

Germany's spy HQ springs a leak

Thieves break into new €1.5bn complex... to steal taps
International Women's Day 2015: Celebrating the whirlwind wit of Simone de Beauvoir

Whirlwind wit of Simone de Beauvoir

Simone de Beauvoir's seminal feminist polemic, 'The Second Sex', has been published in short-form for International Women's Day
Mark Zuckerberg’s hiring policy might suit him – but it wouldn’t work for me

Mark Zuckerberg’s hiring policy might suit him – but it wouldn’t work for me

Why would I want to employ someone I’d be happy to have as my boss, asks Simon Kelner
Confessions of a planespotter: With three Britons under arrest in the UAE, the perils have never been more apparent

Confessions of a planespotter

With three Britons under arrest in the UAE, the perils have never been more apparent. Sam Masters explains the appeal
Russia's gulag museum 'makes no mention' of Stalin's atrocities

Russia's gulag museum

Ministry of Culture-run site 'makes no mention' of Stalin's atrocities
The big fresh food con: Alarming truth behind the chocolate muffin that won't decay

The big fresh food con

Joanna Blythman reveals the alarming truth behind the chocolate muffin that won't decay
Virginia Ironside was my landlady: What is it like to live with an agony aunt on call 24/7?

Virginia Ironside was my landlady

Tim Willis reveals what it's like to live with an agony aunt on call 24/7
Paris Fashion Week 2015: The wit and wisdom of Manish Arora's exercise in high camp

Paris Fashion Week 2015

The wit and wisdom of Manish Arora's exercise in high camp
8 best workout DVDs

8 best workout DVDs

If your 'New Year new you' regime hasn’t lasted beyond February, why not try working out from home?
Paul Scholes column: I don't believe Jonny Evans was spitting at Papiss Cissé. It was a reflex. But what the Newcastle striker did next was horrible

Paul Scholes column

I don't believe Evans was spitting at Cissé. It was a reflex. But what the Newcastle striker did next was horrible
Miguel Layun interview: From the Azteca to Vicarage Road with a million followers

From the Azteca to Vicarage Road with a million followers

Miguel Layun is a star in Mexico where he was criticised for leaving to join Watford. But he says he sees the bigger picture
Frank Warren column: Amir Khan ready to meet winner of Floyd Mayweather v Manny Pacquiao

Khan ready to meet winner of Mayweather v Pacquiao

The Bolton fighter is unlikely to take on Kell Brook with two superstar opponents on the horizon, says Frank Warren
War with Isis: Iraq's government fights to win back Tikrit from militants - but then what?

Baghdad fights to win back Tikrit from Isis – but then what?

Patrick Cockburn reports from Kirkuk on a conflict which sectarianism has made intractable