The olive branch that Pope Francis offered to gays last year when he refused to condemn homosexuality is triggering a historic change in attitudes – and probably an overhaul of doctrine, experts said today, after cardinals issued their most liberal statement to date on sexuality.
After a week that saw 200 bishops from around the world gather at the Vatican to debate family policy, the Hungarian Cardinal Peter Erdo, reading from an interim report, declared that homosexuals had “gifts and qualities to offer” and even raised the prospect of the Catholic Church recognising the positive aspects of same-sex relationships.
The Vatican expert and papal biographer Marco Politi, told The Independent that the shift in tone heralded huge changes. “This is a turning point. It’s a complete reversal with regard to the line of Popes Benedict and John Paul II,” he said.
“Never before has the church recognised that homosexuals offer positive qualities to the church community. And there have been the statements on possibly giving communion to divorcees and it recognising also for the first time positive aspects of civil partnerships. We will probably look back at this point as one of the key moments in the history of the church.”
In pictures: 'The many popes of Pope Francis'
In pictures: 'The many popes of Pope Francis'
1/12 The Pro-Gay Pope
In just a year, Pope Francis has managed to change the public perception of the Catholic Church, and the stance it takes on civil issues, like gay rights. Despite originally protesting the legalisation of gay marriage in his native Argentina some years ago, he told reporters this year: “If someone is gay and seeks the Lord with good will, who am I to judge?”
2/12 The Rebel Pope
No other Pope has urged a shake-up of the Catholic Church quite like Pope Francis, a true rebel of the dioceses. Who, incidentally, used to be a night club bouncer.
3/12 The Graffiti Pope
Pope Francis become... SUPER POPE in this Vatican-approved street art. But was he happy with the reference to the fictional DC comic character?"To depict the pope as a sort of superman, a sort of star, seems offensive to me. The pope is a man who laughs, cries, sleeps tranquilly and has friends like everyone else, a normal person," he said. So, that's a no, then.
4/12 The Biker Pope
Yes, the Pope used to own a Harley Davidson. And yes, he auctioned it off this year and donated the proceeds to a charity that feeds the hungry in Rome. Very Papal.
5/12 The ‘Blue’ Pope
Dropping the 'F' bomb during Sunday service? Classic Pope Francis. Sadly, down to a Spanish-speaking slip of the Italian language rather than pure bad-assery.
6/12 The ‘Because I’m Worth It’ Pope
That awkward moment when your Papal hat blows off, forcing your barnet into Sesame Street-like spikes. Pope Francis has been there.
7/12 The Chocolate Pope
Imagine the Pope's delight (horror?) when he was presented with a giant chocolate replica of himself outside the Vatican by by students on a chocolatier course at the Accademia of Maestri Cioccolatieri, near Venice.
8/12 The Rock Star pope
The one and only religious leader ever to grace the cover of Rolling Stone magazine? Introducing... Pope Francis.
9/12 The People’s Pope
His U-turn attitude towards sexuality won him Time magazine's coveted Person of the Year accolade, and the cover of gay rights magazine The Advocate.
10/12 The Merchandise Pope
Thongs, mugs, onesies, earrings and even a baby mobile adorned with decapitated Pope heads, the 'Francis Effect' has seen sales of Papal merchandise soar by 200% over the last year.
11/12 The Fashion Pope
The only Pope, as far as we're aware, to be compared to fashion royalty (Karl Lagerfeld. Yes way.) and win Esquire's Most Stylish Man of 2013 award, too.
12/12 The Modern Pope
Let it be said, Pope Francis knows a thing or two about social media. He might be a way off 'doing a Dalai' and opting for Instagram, but he's not above posing for the odd 'Selfie' on Twitter.
John Thavis, the author of The Vatican Diaries, called the document “an earthquake” in the Church’s attitude towards gays. “The document clearly reflects Pope Francis’s desire to adopt a more merciful pastoral approach on marriage and family issues,” he said.
Francis DeBernardo, the executive director of the US lesbian and gay pressure group, New Ways Ministry, also welcomed the development. He said: “It’s not just a change of tone. Never before as the church talked about lesbians and gays having “gifts” to offer. Never before has the church accepted that their sexual orientation has something positive to offer.”
And Mr DeBernardo added: “What is also significant and hopeful is what is not said… there is no vicious condemnation of them, as in previous hierarchical statements. We don’t see the gloom and doom and apocalyptic horror that Pope John Paul II and Pope Benedict XVI and their followers have foretold because of the advent of same-gender marriages.”
Another Vatican expert, Andrea Tornielli, also detected a “change of language” by the powers at the Vatican, but he noted that doctrinal changes would not be possible before further consultation and another synod next year.
And other observers predicted that conservative church figures, such as Cardinal Raymond Burke, of the US, and Cardinal Gerhard Müller, of Germany, would continue to oppose more liberal attitudes to homosexuality, and that yesterday’s statement signalled no change in the Church’s official condemnation of homosexual acts.
Ahead of yesterday’s press conference, comments by the Vatican’s top canon lawyer, Cardinal Francesco Coccopalmerio, underlined that doctrine had a long way to go before it accepted that gay relationships as equal to heterosexual ones.
He said that the Catholic Church would “never” accept gay marriage or even bless a gay union. “You can talk about everything... but you also have to be honest and say that for us... marriage is between a man and woman.”Reuse content