Russia’s leadership today accused the US and EU of jeopardising a fragile ceasefire in Ukraine by implementing more aggressive sanctions against Moscow, while also threatening to retaliate with their own measures should Kiev continue to pursue closer ties with the West.
The escalation of rhetoric comes as Ukraine’s President Petro Poroshenko vowed to push ahead with the EU trade deal that sparked the crisis last year, also thanking the bloc’s leaders for the new sanctions which he said made Ukraine feel like “a full member of the European family”.
The 28 EU nations on Friday implemented another round of measures targeting Russian individuals, companies and economic sectors after a week of debate over how best to respond to a ceasefire between pro-Russian separatists and government forces in eastern Ukraine. Large Russian state energy firms including Rosneft and the oil subsidiary of Gazprom have had their access to EU financial markets restricted, while the export of goods and services connected to deep sea oil and shale exploration is now banned.
Ukraine crisis: A timeline of the conflict
Ukraine crisis: A timeline of the conflict
1/22 30 November 2013
Public support grows for the “Euromaidan” anti-government protesters in Kiev demonstrating against Yanukovych’s refusal to sign the EU Association Agreement as images of them injured by police crackdown spread.
2/22 20 February 2014
Kiev sees its worst day of violence for almost 70 years as at least 88 people are killed in 48 hours, with uniformed snipers shooting at protesters from rooftops.
3/22 22 February 2014
Yanukovych flees the country after protest leaders and politicians agree to form a new government and hold elections. The imprisoned former Prime Minister, Yulia Tymoshenko, is freed from prison and protesters take control of Presidential administration buildings, including Mr Yanukovych's residence.
Genya Savilov/AFP/Getty Imageses
4/22 27 February 2014
Pro-Russian militias seize government buildings in Crimea and the new Ukrainian government vows to prevent the country breaking up as the Crimean Parliament sets a referendum on secession from Ukraine in May.
Sean Gallup/Getty Images
5/22 16 March 2014
Crimea votes overwhelmingly to secede from Ukraine and join Russia in a ballot condemned by the US and Europe as illegal. Russian troops had moved into the peninsula weeks before after pro-Russian separatists occupied buildings.
6/22 6 April 2014
Pro-Russian rebels seize government buildings in the eastern cities of Donetsk, Luhansk and Kharkiv, calling for a referendum on independence and claiming independent republic. Ukraine authorities regain control of Kharkiv buildings on 8 April after launching an “anti-terror operation” but the rest remain out of their control.
7/22 7 June 2014
Petro Poroshenko is sworn in as Ukraine's president, calling on separatists to lay down their arms and end the fighting and later orders the creation of humanitarian corridors, since violated, to allow civilians to flee war zones.
8/22 27 June 2014
The EU signs an association agreement with Ukraine, along with Georgia and Moldova, eight months after protests over the abandonment of the deal sparked the crisis.
LOUISA GOULIAMAKI/AFP/Getty Images
9/22 17 July 2014
Malaysian Airlines flight MH17 is shot down over eastern Ukraine, killing all 298 people on board. Ukrainian intelligence officials claim it was hit by rebels using a Buk surface-to-air launcher in an apparent accident.
10/22 22 August 2014
A Russian aid convoy of more than 100 lorries enters eastern Ukraine and makes drop in rebel-controlled Luhansk without Government permission, sparking allegations of a “direct violation of international law”.
11/22 29 August 2014
Nato releases satellite images appearing to show Russian soldiers, artillery and armoured vehicles engaged in military operations in eastern Ukraine.
12/22 8 September 2014
Russia warns that it could block flights through its airspace if the EU goes ahead with new sanctions over the ongoing crisis and conflict
13/22 17 September 2014
Despite the cease-fire and a law passed by the Ukrainian parliament on Tuesday granting greater autonomy to rebel-held parts of the east, civilian casualties continued to rise, adding to the estimated 3,000 people killed
14/22 16 November 2014
The fragile ceasefire gives way to an increased wave of military activity as artillery fire continues to rock the eastern Ukraine's pro-Russian rebel bastion of Donetsk
15/22 26 December 2014
A new round of ceasefire talks, scheduled on neutral ground in the Belariusian capital Minsk, are called off
16/22 12 January 2015
Soldiers in Debaltseve were forced to prepare heavy defences around the city; despite a brief respite to the fighting in eastern Ukraine, hostilities in Donetsk resumed at a level not seen since September 2014
17/22 21 January 2015
13 people are killed during shelling of bus in the rebel-held city of Donetsk
18/22 24 January 2015
Ten people were killed after pro-Russian separatists bombarded the east Ukrainian port city of Mariupol
19/22 2 February 2015
There was a dangerous shift in tempo as rebels bolstered troop numbers against government forces
20/22 11 February 2015
European leaders meet in Minsk and agree on a ceasefire in eastern Ukraine beginning on February 14. From left to right: Belarus President Alexander Lukashenko, Russian President Vladimir Putin, German Chancellor Angela Merkel, France's President Francois Hollande and Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko.
MAXIM MALINOVSKY | AFP | Getty Images
21/22 13 February 2015
Pro-Russian rebels in the city of Gorlivka, in the Donetsk region, fire missiles at Ukrainian forces in Debaltseve. Fighting continued in Debaltseve for a number of days after the Minsk ceasefire began.
ANDREY BORODULIN | AFP | Getty Images
22/22 18 February 2015
Ukrainian soldiers repair the bullet-shattered windshield of their truck as their withdraw from the strategic town of Debaltseve. Following intense shelling from pro-Russian rebels, Ukrainian forces began to leave the town in the early hours of February 18.
Brendan Hoffman | Getty Images
EU nations can also no longer sell Russia technology goods with military uses, while 24 more people are now under assets freezes and travel bans.
Washington unveiled a similar round of sanctions in response to reports that 1,000 Russian troops entered Ukrainian territory this month. They also targeted Sberbank, Russia’s largest financial institution, restricting its access to US debt and equity.
“Given Russia’s direct military intervention and blatant efforts to destabilise Ukraine, we have deepened our sanctions,” the US Treasury Secretary Jacob Lew said. Officials said the sanctions could be lifted if Russian troops withdrew from Ukraine and established a buffer zone along the border.
EU leaders have also said sanctions could be suspended at short notice, but Russian President Vladimir Putin was nonplussed, calling the timing “a bit strange”.
“When the situation is moving towards a peaceful resolution, steps are taken which are aimed at disrupting the peace process,” he said.
Russia has denied reports that it is providing support to the separatists, and some EU nations had argued that Moscow should be rewarded, not punished, for backing a week-long ceasefire. Yesterday Ukrainian troops and Russian-backed rebel forces exchanged 67 prisoners who had been captured during fighting in eastern Ukraine.
Nations in eastern Europe reliant on Russia energy and those in the south with closer business ties also fear the blow-back. Russia has already responded to previous sanctions with bans on EU food and agriculture produce.Reuse content