Palestinian rivals unite to celebrate UN statehood vote

 

Thousands of Palestinians took to the streets throughout the West Bank and Gaza today to celebrate a United Nations General Assembly vote which was expected to indirectly recognise a Palestinian state, by upgrading the Palestinian Authority's status from that of observer to non-member state.

The rare diplomatic triumph united the governing Fatah party of President Mahmoud Abbas that dominates the West Bank and the rival Hamas Islamic Resistance Movement that rules Gaza. For the first time since Hamas seized control in 2007, warring factions joined forces in Gaza City, where Fatah staged a large, peaceful rally joined by representatives from across the spectrum of Palestinian politics.

By noon, hours before the vote in New York, crowds started gathering at open-air stages in towns throughout the West Bank to listen to music, poetry and political speeches and watch traditional Debka dancers.

A sense of history in the making increased as news filtered through of a growing number of Yes votes from European countries and Germany's switch from No to an abstention.

In Nablus, officials from Hamas and other groups joined senior members of the Fatah Revolutionary Council in a good-natured march through the city. "We carry a message to the whole world that says that we are capable of using all kinds of resistance. We are going to the UN, in order to protect our people, lands and prisoners," said Mahmud al-Aloul, a Fatah Central Committee member.

Thousands attended a similar rally in Hebron. In Bethlehem, residents prepared to stay up past midnight to watch President Abbas's speech and the UN vote projected on to an Israeli security wall near Rachel's Tomb.

In Ramallah, bright sunshine brought hundreds of people of all ages to an open-air stage in Yasser Arafat Square adorned with a huge banner proclaiming "UN: State of Palestine". Eight-year-old Hala Rihan and her brother Mohammed, six, proudly waved Palestinian flags. Their mother Shireen, a 29-year-old civil servant, said she was their age when Yasser Arafat first declared a Palestinian state and she wanted them to remember this day "for the rest of their lives".

"My children must learn when they are still young that we have our own country. I feel good today and I have great hope for our future – for the future of two countries, Israel and Palestine. We must learn to live with each other," she said.

Wasef Eriqat, 66, was the commander of PLO artillery forces in Lebanon during the 88-day Israeli siege of Beirut in 1982. A former Brigadier-General in the Jordanian army, he returned to his home village of Abu Dis in East Jerusalem after the signing of the Oslo Peace Accords in 1995.

"I feel very good today," Mr Eriqat told The Independent. "Israel is always saying that Palestinians are terrorists but, with this victory at the United Nations, we are showing the whole world that we are seeking peace and we want to be full members of the international community … If Israel seeks peace, we will stop all the fighting. If not, we will have to continue our struggle," he said.

Ziad Abu Ein, Palestinian deputy minister for prisoners' affairs, told The Independent that Britain's lobbying against non-member status, which ended only this week, had cast a pall over UK-Palestinian relations. "Britain is the country most responsible for the occupation, the most responsible for Palestinian suffering from this occupation. The British failure to vote for the resolution will lose them a lot of support in the Middle East," he said.

In New York, the UN Secretary General, Ban Ki-moon, reiterated the importance of reviving the Middle East peace process. Speaking hours before the vote, he said: "Achieving the two-state solution, to which Israel and the Palestinians have committed, is long overdue." Mr Ban said the vote was a matter for member states, but added: "The goal remains realising the just and lasting peace for which generations of Palestinians and Israelis have been longing – a peace that will end the occupation that started in 1967, end the conflict and ensure that an independent, viable and sovereign State of Palestine lives side by side with a secure State of Israel."

In Jerusalem the Israeli Prime Minister, Benjamin Netanyahu, said Israel was "prepared to live in peace with a Palestinian state" but Israeli security must be protected.

Timeline: A century of conflict

1917 The Balfour Declaration, on a home for the Jewish people

1947 UN votes for partition

1948 First Arab-Israeli war. Becomes known to the Palestinians as al-Nakba, the "Catastrophe"

1959 Yasser Arafat forms Fatah

1967 The Six-Day War

1973 Yom Kippur war

1979 Israel-Egypt peace treaty

1987 First intifada

1993 Oslo Peace Accord, signed by Arafat and Israel's PM Yitzhak Rabin

1994 Arafat returns from exile

1995 Rabin is assassinated

2000 Camp David talks collapse; second intifada

2006 Israel–Lebanon war

2008 Operation Cast Lead

Start your day with The Independent, sign up for daily news emails
PROMOTED VIDEO
News
ebooksAn unforgettable anthology of contemporary reportage
Have you tried new the Independent Digital Edition apps?
Independent Dating
and  

By clicking 'Search' you
are agreeing to our
Terms of Use.

iJobs Job Widget
iJobs General

Recruitment Genius: Service and Installation Engineer

£22000 - £28000 per annum: Recruitment Genius: A fantastic opportunity has ari...

Recruitment Genius: SEO / Outreach Executive

£20000 - £23000 per annum: Recruitment Genius: Our client is a global marketin...

Recruitment Genius: Junior Estimator

£17000 - £18000 per annum: Recruitment Genius: A fantastic opportunity has ari...

Recruitment Genius: Sales Negotiator - OTE £24,000

£22000 - £24000 per annum: Recruitment Genius: An enthusiastic individual is r...

Day In a Page

A timely reminder of the bloody anniversary we all forgot

A timely reminder of the bloody anniversary we all forgot

Who remembers that this week we enter the 150th anniversary year of the end of the American Civil War, asks Robert Fisk
Homeless Veterans appeal: Former soldiers pay their respects to a friend who also served

Homeless Veterans appeal

Former soldiers pay their respects to a friend who also served
Downfall of Dustin 'Screech' Diamond, the 'Saved By The Bell' star charged with bar stabbing

Scarred by the bell

The downfall of the TV star charged with bar stabbing
Why 2014 was a year of technological let-downs

Why 2014 was a year of technological let-downs

Security breaches and overhyped start-ups dominated a year in which very little changed (save the size of your phone)
Cuba's golf revolution: But will the revolutionary nation take 'bourgeois' game to its heart?

Will revolutionary Cuba take 'bourgeois' golf to its heart?

Fidel Castro ridiculed the game – but now investment in leisure resort projects is welcome
The Locked Room Mysteries: As a new collection of the genre’s best is published, its editor Otto Penzler explains the rules of engagement

The Locked Room Mysteries

As a new collection of the genre’s best is published, its editor explains the rules of engagement
Amy Adams on playing painter Margaret Keane in Tim Burton's Big Eyes

How I made myself Keane

Amy Adams hadn’t wanted to take the role of artist Margaret Keane, because she’d had enough of playing victims. But then she had a daughter, and saw the painter in a new light
Ed Richards: Parting view of Ofcom chief. . . we hate jokes on the disabled

Parting view of Ofcom chief... we hate jokes on the disabled

Bad language once got TV viewers irate, inciting calls to broadcasting switchboards. But now there is a worse offender, says retiring head of the media watchdog, Ed Richards
A look back at fashion in 2014: Wear in review

Wear in review

A look back at fashion in 2014
Ian Herbert: My 10 hopes for sport in 2015. Might just one of them happen?

Ian Herbert: My 10 hopes for sport in 2015

Might just one of them happen?
War with Isis: The West needs more than a White Knight

The West needs more than a White Knight

Despite billions spent on weapons, the US has not been able to counter Isis's gruesome tactics, says Patrick Cockburn
Return to Helmand: Private Davey Graham recalls the day he was shot by the Taliban

'The day I was shot by the Taliban'

Private Davey Graham was shot five times during an ambush in 2007 - it was the first, controversial photograph to show the dangers our soldiers faced in Helmand province
Revealed: the best and worst airlines for delays

Revealed: the best and worst airlines for delays

Many flyers are failing to claim compensation to which they are entitled, a new survey has found
The stories that defined 2014: From the Scottish independence referendum to the Ice Bucket Challenge, our writers voice their opinions

The stories that defined 2014

From the Scottish independence referendum to the Ice Bucket Challenge, our writers voice their opinions
Stoke-on-Trent becomes first British city to be classified as 'disaster resilient' by the United Nations

Disaster looming? Now you know where to head...

Which British city has become the first to be awarded special 'resilience' status by the UN?