Mogadishu racked by ferocious street battles: Aspin says more US soldiers and armour are to be sent to Somalia

STREET battles of demonic ferocity killed or wounded an estimated 500 people in Mogadishu yesterday, one of the worst tolls the city has known. This time, however, at least 12 of the dead were United States soldiers, with 75 wounded. At least one American solider has been captured.

In Washington, the US Defense Secretary, Les Aspin, said an additional 200 infantry troops backed with tanks and armoured vehicles would be sent to Somalia to beef up the US contingent of peace-keepers.

Another Blackhawk helicopter was brought down by ground- fire. Two were shot down on Sunday night. When US infantry and Malaysian troops arrived to look for survivors, they came under heavy fire.

The battles continued as dusk fell last night. Steven Rifkind, of Save the Children Fund, contacted by satellite telephone, said that he had visited two hospitals earlier in the day. 'There were hundreds, hundreds,' he said, 'women, children, all with awful wounds. It was very bloody, very gory. The Somali staff were completely overwhelmed, exhausted . . . I never believed it would go as far as this.'

According to a Pentagon spokesman in Washington, the fighting started on Sunday evening when the US Quick Reaction Force detained 24 suspected members of General Mohamed Farah Aideed's militia in a 'search and seizure' operation east of the Bakhara market.

Major David Stockwell, the chief UN spokesman in Mogadishu, said that the operation was not aimed at searching for General Aideed but that several key members of his militia had been captured.

Two Blackhawk helicopters were shot down and a group of about 70 Rangers, the US Special Forces, were sent in to recover the wounded and the bodies.

As they were surrounding the helicopters they came under fire, and a task force of two US infantry companies and armoured personnel carriers manned by Malaysian and Pakistani troops were sent in to rescue them.

This force was also attacked. 'Regrettably there were a number of casualties among US forces in these engagements,' the Pentagon spokesman said. 'At this point we consider the operation to be ongoing,' he added.

The ensuing full-scale battle between the UN and the Somalis produced the sort of bloodshed and mayhem reminiscent of the 1992 battle for the city in which hundreds of thousands died. Heavy weapons fired at close range among flimsy cement or mud walls kill or maim people a mile away.

Western journalists in Mogadishu were unable to approach the fighting but saw truckloads of corpses driven away from the Bakhara market.

Somalis working for them said that they had seen the corpse of a white US soldier strapped to a barrow and paraded through the streets by a jubilant crowd of Somalis, and the burnt-out shells of four armoured personnel carriers believed to belong to Malaysian forces.

The charred hulk of a Blackhawk helicopter also lay shattered in the market, a maze of streets where the UN writ has never run and support for General Aideed remains strong.

Yesterday's events will accelerate the impetus in Washington for a speedy withdrawal of all US troops. President Bill Clinton is already under intense pressure to pull American troops out of Mogadishu and has said that the US forces will not be used in future except for emergency operations. This has drawn a sharp plea to stay from Boutros Boutros-Ghali, the UN Secretary-General, who has no troops available to replace the Americans in Mogadishu. Any hint that the US-led UN force is about to pull out will undoubtedly raise the morale of General Aideed's fighters.

In Mogadishu, yesterday's fighting evinced a mood of despair. Mr Rifkind said: 'It came just at a time when we hoped we would get that awful time of the emergency behind us and sart concentrating on long-term development. Now I just don't know where it is going.'

Suggested Topics
Start your day with The Independent, sign up for daily news emails
PROMOTED VIDEO
Have you tried new the Independent Digital Edition apps?
ebooks
ebooksA year of political gossip, levity and intrigue from the sharpest pen in Westminster
Latest stories from i100
Have you tried new the Independent Digital Edition apps?
Independent Dating
and  

By clicking 'Search' you
are agreeing to our
Terms of Use.

iJobs Job Widget
iJobs General

Recruitment Genius: Account Manager

£20000 - £35000 per annum: Recruitment Genius: This full service social media ...

Recruitment Genius: Data Analyst - Online Marketing

£24000 - £35000 per annum: Recruitment Genius: We are 'Changemakers in retail'...

Austen Lloyd: Senior Residential Conveyancer

Very Competitive: Austen Lloyd: Senior Conveyancer - South West We are see...

Austen Lloyd: Residential / Commercial Property Solicitor

Excellent Salary: Austen Lloyd: DORSET MARKET TOWN - SENIOR PROPERTY SOLICITOR...

Day In a Page

Isis in Iraq: Yazidi girls killing themselves to escape rape and imprisonment by militants

'Jilan killed herself in the bathroom. She cut her wrists and hanged herself'

Yazidi girls killing themselves to escape rape and imprisonment
Ed Balls interview: 'If I think about the deficit when I'm playing the piano, it all goes wrong'

Ed Balls interview

'If I think about the deficit when I'm playing the piano, it all goes wrong'
He's behind you, dude!

US stars in UK panto

From David Hasselhoff to Jerry Hall
Grace Dent's Christmas Quiz: What are you – a festive curmudgeon or top of the tree?

Grace Dent's Christmas Quiz

What are you – a festive curmudgeon or top of the tree?
Nasa planning to build cloud cities in airships above Venus

Nasa planning to build cloud cities in airships above Venus

Planet’s surface is inhospitable to humans but 30 miles above it is almost perfect
Surrounded by high-rise flats is a little house filled with Lebanon’s history - clocks, rifles, frogmen’s uniforms and colonial helmets

Clocks, rifles, swords, frogmen’s uniforms

Surrounded by high-rise flats is a little house filled with Lebanon’s history
Return to Gaza: Four months on, the wounds left by Israel's bombardment have not yet healed

Four months after the bombardment, Gaza’s wounds are yet to heal

Kim Sengupta is reunited with a man whose plight mirrors the suffering of the Palestinian people
Gastric surgery: Is it really the answer to the UK's obesity epidemic?

Is gastric surgery really the answer to the UK's obesity epidemic?

Critics argue that it’s crazy to operate on healthy people just to stop them eating
Homeless Veterans appeal: Christmas charity auction Part 2 - now LIVE

Homeless Veterans appeal: Christmas charity auction

Bid on original art, or trips of a lifetime to Africa or the 'Corrie' set, and help Homeless Veterans
Pantomime rings the changes to welcome autistic theatre-goers

Autism-friendly theatre

Pantomime leads the pack in quest to welcome all
The week Hollywood got scared and had to grow up a bit

The week Hollywood got scared and had to grow up a bit

Sony suffered a chorus of disapproval after it withdrew 'The Interview', but it's not too late for it to take a stand, says Joan Smith
From Widow Twankey to Mother Goose, how do the men who play panto dames get themselves ready for the performance of a lifetime?

Panto dames: before and after

From Widow Twankey to Mother Goose, how do the men who play panto dames get themselves ready for the performance of a lifetime?
Thirties murder mystery novel is surprise runaway Christmas hit

Thirties murder mystery novel is surprise runaway Christmas hit

Booksellers say readers are turning away from dark modern thrillers and back to the golden age of crime writing
Anne-Marie Huby: 'Charities deserve the best,' says founder of JustGiving

Anne-Marie Huby: 'Charities deserve the best'

Ten million of us have used the JustGiving website to donate to good causes. Its co-founder says that being dynamic is as important as being kind
The botanist who hunts for giant trees at Kew Gardens

The man who hunts giants

A Kew Gardens botanist has found 25 new large tree species - and he's sure there are more out there