Murder trial opens can of worms for Mexico and US

MEXICAN government officials are accused of obstructing justice, accepting bribes on a grand scale, and protecting drug traffickers. US authorities face allegations of paying millions of dollars to criminal witnesses, after illegally abducting a defendant from foreign turf. It is a nasty can of worms.

Details have begun unfolding in a Los Angeles courtroom with the the trial of two men accused of participating in a crime which has been a source of stress in US-Mexican relations since it occurred more than seven years ago - the torture and murder of Enrique 'Kiki' Camarena, an undercover agent with the US Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA).

The case became internationally notorious in 1990, after the US government arranged for one of the defendants, Dr Humberto Alvarez Machain, to be seized by armed kidnappers in Mexico and flown secretly to Texas, where he was arrested. Despite an outcry from many countries and civil liberties groups, the US Supreme Court narrowly ruled that the abduction did not violate an extradition treaty.

With the opening of his trial, the conflict has again revived. Last week the Mexican government denounced the Los Angeles trial as 'illegal' and 'unacceptable'. The issue has arisen at a sensitive time: the US, Mexican, and Canadian governments have yet to finalise the North American Free Trade Agreement, which Mr Clinton intends to review.

Camarena disappeared in February, 1985, shortly after the DEA completed an investigation that lead to the destruction of dollars 5bn (pounds 3.1bn) worth of marijuana - a colossal amount, even by Mexican standards, and a triumph in President Bush's otherwise ineffectual 'war on drugs'. A month later Camarena's body was discovered in a grave outside Guadalajara. He had, prosecutors say, suffered lengthy interrogation under torture before being killed by members of a powerful drugs cartel.

Dr Alvarez, 44, a gynaecologist, is accused of administering drugs to Camarena to keep him alive while information was being thrashed out of him. The prosecution believes his role was that of 'house doctor' to drugs barons; when they overdid the cocaine, he was there to revive them. A second man, Ruben Zuno Arce, 62, a brother-in-law of a former Mexican president, Luis Echeverria, is charged with helping plan Camarena's kidnap. Both men say they are innocent.

The case, which opened last Wednesday, has already proved damaging to both governments, as well as producing extraordinary testimony about the power of Mexico's drugs cartels. Take, for example, the evidence of a former cartel aide, a so-called communications specialist called Lawrence Victor Harrison, who claims Dr Alvarez regularly kept company with traffickers.

His evidence suggested the drugs barons bribed the Mexican authorities on a breathtaking scale. He described how he and several cartel henchmen once spent five weeks counting out dollars 400m in cash. He claimed it was a pay-off to a top government official from his boss, Ernesto Fonseca, a notorious narcotics trader.

In addition, a senior DEA agent has outlined how the Mexican authorities repeatedly attempted to protect traffickers. But the case is also proving embarrassing to the US authorities, who appear to have been willing to go to considerable lengths to avenge the murder of one of its agents. The US government has lavished vast sums on witnesses - a total which has reportedly reached dollars 2.7m.

Meanwhile, there have been exotic accounts of the exploits of drugs lords. These include an instance in which Mexican officials allegedly went to great lengths to frustrate US agents on their soil.

It happened in 1985, while the DEA was still searching for Camarena and concerned a suspected drugs baron, a colourful figure, Rafael Caro Quintero. The Americans found out that Caro was about to flee from Guadalajara airport. According to Salvador Leyva, a DEA agent who testified last week, Caro was not arrested when they arrived at the airport. Instead a senior Mexican policeman let him go.

As the aircraft taxied down the runway, Caro appeared in the doorway, holding an AK-47 in one hand and a glass of champagne in the other. He toasted the infuriated Americans with the valediction: 'My children, next time bring better weapons.'

Suggested Topics
Start your day with The Independent, sign up for daily news emails
Have you tried new the Independent Digital Edition apps?
News
ebookA unique anthology of reporting and analysis of a crucial period of history
Latest stories from i100
Have you tried new the Independent Digital Edition apps?
Independent Dating
and  

By clicking 'Search' you
are agreeing to our
Terms of Use.

iJobs Job Widget
iJobs General

Guru Careers: Software Developer / C# Developer

£40-50K: Guru Careers: We are seeking an experienced Software / C# Developer w...

Guru Careers: Software Developer

£35 - 40k + Benefits: Guru Careers: We are seeking a Software Developer (JavaS...

SThree: Trainee Recruitment Consultant / Resourcer

£18000 - £23000 per annum + Commission: SThree: As a Trainee Recruitment Consu...

Ashdown Group: UI Developer - (UI, HTML, CSS, JavaScript, AngularJS)

£25000 - £40000 per annum: Ashdown Group: UI Developer - (UI, JavaScript, HTML...

Day In a Page

Abuse - and the hell that came afterwards

Abuse - and the hell that follows

James Rhodes on the extraordinary legal battle to publish his memoir
Why we need a 'tranquility map' of England, according to campaigners

It's oh so quiet!

The case for a 'tranquility map' of England
'Timeless fashion': It may be a paradox, but the industry loves it

'Timeless fashion'

It may be a paradox, but the industry loves it
If the West needs a bridge to the 'moderates' inside Isis, maybe we could have done with Osama bin Laden staying alive after all

Could have done with Osama bin Laden staying alive?

Robert Fisk on the Fountainheads of World Evil in 2011 - and 2015
New exhibition celebrates the evolution of swimwear

Evolution of swimwear

From bathing dresses in the twenties to modern bikinis
Sun, sex and an anthropological study: One British academic's summer of hell in Magaluf

Sun, sex and an anthropological study

One academic’s summer of hell in Magaluf
From Shakespeare to Rising Damp... to Vicious

Frances de la Tour's 50-year triumph

'Rising Damp' brought De la Tour such recognition that she could be forgiven if she'd never been able to move on. But at 70, she continues to flourish - and to beguile
'That Whitsun, I was late getting away...'

Ian McMillan on the Whitsun Weddings

This weekend is Whitsun, and while the festival may no longer resonate, Larkin's best-loved poem, lives on - along with the train journey at the heart of it
Kathryn Williams explores the works and influences of Sylvia Plath in a new light

Songs from the bell jar

Kathryn Williams explores the works and influences of Sylvia Plath
How one man's day in high heels showed him that Cannes must change its 'no flats' policy

One man's day in high heels

...showed him that Cannes must change its 'flats' policy
Is a quiet crusade to reform executive pay bearing fruit?

Is a quiet crusade to reform executive pay bearing fruit?

Dominic Rossi of Fidelity says his pressure on business to control rewards is working. But why aren’t other fund managers helping?
The King David Hotel gives precious work to Palestinians - unless peace talks are on

King David Hotel: Palestinians not included

The King David is special to Jerusalem. Nick Kochan checked in and discovered it has some special arrangements, too
More people moving from Australia to New Zealand than in the other direction for first time in 24 years

End of the Aussie brain drain

More people moving from Australia to New Zealand than in the other direction for first time in 24 years
Meditation is touted as a cure for mental instability but can it actually be bad for you?

Can meditation be bad for you?

Researching a mass murder, Dr Miguel Farias discovered that, far from bringing inner peace, meditation can leave devotees in pieces
Eurovision 2015: Australians will be cheering on their first-ever entrant this Saturday

Australia's first-ever Eurovision entrant

Australia, a nation of kitsch-worshippers, has always loved the Eurovision Song Contest. Maggie Alderson says it'll fit in fine