Seize chance of peace, Obama urges Israel and Palestinians

US President focuses on Middle East and Iran in address to UN General Assembly

Barack Obama staked his prestige yesterday on direct Middle East peace talks, telling world leaders in New York that he wants a permanent agreement finalised within 12 months that "will lead to a new member of the United Nations – an independent state of Palestine, living in peace with Israel".

In only his second speech to the UN General Assembly as US President, Mr Obama also told Iran that despite further international sanctions imposed in June because of the country's nuclear enrichment activities, "the door remains open to diplomacy". But the US and UK delegations later walked out on the speech by Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad when he cast doubt on the guilt of al-Qa'ida in the 9/11 terror attacks.

Mr Obama's address, which also covered the world economy and climate change, was a fresh reminder that on the twin issues of Israeli-Palestinian relations and Iran, Mr Obama is facing challenges and opportunities that will define his legacy on the world stage. Direct negotiations between the Palestinians and Israel finally resumed earlier this month.

Mr Obama and the Israeli Prime Minister, Benjamin Netanyahu, now stand on the threshold of a historic breakthrough. But all could fall apart this weekend, as a moratorium set by Mr Netanyahu on new Jewish settlements in the occupied territories is due to expire. If Mr Netanyahu were to allow construction to resume, the talks would probably be over almost as quickly as they started.

With Israeli diplomats absent from the hall because of a Jewish holiday, Mr Obama reiterated that such an outcome should not be allowed to happen. "Our position on this issue is well known," he said. "We believe that the moratorium should be extended. We also believe that talks should press on until completed."

But the President also had direct language for Arab nations, saying they should play a greater part promoting peace. They "must stop trying to tear Israel down," he said, adding: "Those who have signed on to the Arab Peace Initiative should seize this opportunity to make it real by taking tangible steps toward the normalisation that it promises Israel".

Without a deal, he warned, "more blood will be shed" and "this Holy Land will remain a symbol of our differences, instead of a symbol of our common humanity."

His parallel focus on Iran was also no surprise, given that a year of cajoling and threatening by the West has been met with little but defiance in Tehran. The UN sanctions imposed in the summer were followed up by similar measures by the European Union and the US.

A new peace map in 12 months would be one thing, but Mr Obama made no mention of where the world might be by that time if the dispute with Iran over its nuclear intentions has not been resolved. The two issues are not entirely separable. Israel continues to leave open the option of military strikes.

There has been optimism that Iran may be ready to re-engage in talks on the nuclear dossier, broken off last year. "Iran has already been ready for dialogue based on faith and justice," President Ahmadinejad said at the podium later. Yet in the same speech, he contrived, in New York of all places, to rehearse doubts about who perpetrated the 9/11 attacks.

One theory, he said, was "that some segments within the US government orchestrated the attack to reverse the declining American economy, and its grips on the Middle East, in order to save the Zionist regime." He went on: "The majority of the American people as well as most nations and politicians around the world agree with this view." At this point, both the US and Britain strode out of the hall.

Mr Obama said in his speech that a diplomatic solution remained possible, but his tone was tough. "The Iranian government must demonstrate a clear and credible commitment, and confirm to the world the peaceful intent of its nuclear programme."

In his address to delegates from 192 countries, the UN Secretary General, Ban Ki-moon, said the world was becoming more politically polarised. "We hear the language of hate, false divisions between 'them' and 'us,' those who insist on 'their way' or 'no way,'" he said, noting that the lives of millions are being affected, not just by military conflicts but also by economic upheaval and unemployment.

With America's mid-term elections just weeks away, Mr Obama sought also to highlight the progress made to combat the global recession. "I have had no greater focus as President than rescuing our economy from potential catastrophe," he said.

Start your day with The Independent, sign up for daily news emails
Have you tried new the Independent Digital Edition apps?
ebooksA special investigation by Andy McSmith
  • Get to the point
Latest stories from i100
Have you tried new the Independent Digital Edition apps?
Independent Dating

By clicking 'Search' you
are agreeing to our
Terms of Use.

iJobs Job Widget
iJobs General

Ashdown Group: Senior Accounts Assistant - Accounts Payable - St. Albans

£26000 - £28000 per annum + benefits : Ashdown Group: Senior Accounts Assistan...

Ashdown Group: Treasury Assistant - Accounts Assistant - London, Old Street

£24000 - £26000 per annum + benefits : Ashdown Group: A highly successful, glo...

Recruitment Genius: Installation and Service / Security Engineer

£22000 - £40000 per annum: Recruitment Genius: This company is part of a Group...

Recruitment Genius: Service Charge Accounts Assistant

£16000 - £18000 per annum: Recruitment Genius: Are you a a young, dynamic pers...

Day In a Page

General Election 2015: Chuka Umunna on the benefits of immigration, humility – and his leader Ed Miliband

Chuka Umunna: A virus of racism runs through Ukip

The shadow business secretary on the benefits of immigration, humility – and his leader Ed Miliband
Yemen crisis: This exotic war will soon become Europe's problem

Yemen's exotic war will soon affect Europe

Terrorism and boatloads of desperate migrants will be the outcome of the Saudi air campaign, says Patrick Cockburn
Marginal Streets project aims to document voters in the run-up to the General Election

Marginal Streets project documents voters

Independent photographers Joseph Fox and Orlando Gili are uploading two portraits of constituents to their website for each day of the campaign
Game of Thrones: Visit the real-life kingdom of Westeros to see where violent history ends and telly tourism begins

The real-life kingdom of Westeros

Is there something a little uncomfortable about Game of Thrones shooting in Northern Ireland?
How to survive a social-media mauling, by the tough women of Twitter

How to survive a Twitter mauling

Mary Beard, Caroline Criado-Perez, Louise Mensch, Bunny La Roche and Courtney Barrasford reveal how to trounce the trolls
Gallipoli centenary: At dawn, the young remember the young who perished in one of the First World War's bloodiest battles

At dawn, the young remember the young

A century ago, soldiers of the Empire – many no more than boys – spilt on to Gallipoli’s beaches. On this 100th Anzac Day, there are personal, poetic tributes to their sacrifice
Dissent is slowly building against the billions spent on presidential campaigns – even among politicians themselves

Follow the money as never before

Dissent is slowly building against the billions spent on presidential campaigns – even among politicians themselves, reports Rupert Cornwell
Samuel West interview: The actor and director on austerity, unionisation, and not mentioning his famous parents

Samuel West interview

The actor and director on austerity, unionisation, and not mentioning his famous parents
General Election 2015: Imagine if the leading political parties were fashion labels

Imagine if the leading political parties were fashion labels

Fashion editor, Alexander Fury, on what the leaders' appearances tell us about them
Phumzile Mlambo-Ngcuka: Home can be the unsafest place for women

Phumzile Mlambo-Ngcuka: Home can be the unsafest place for women

The architect of the HeForShe movement and head of UN Women on the world's failure to combat domestic violence
Public relations as 'art'? Surely not

Confessions of a former PR man

The 'art' of public relations is being celebrated by the V&A museum, triggering some happy memories for DJ Taylor
Bill Granger recipes: Our chef succumbs to his sugar cravings with super-luxurious sweet treats

Bill Granger's luxurious sweet treats

Our chef loves to stop for 30 minutes to catch up on the day's gossip, while nibbling on something sweet
London Marathon 2015: Paula Radcliffe and the mother of all goodbyes

The mother of all goodbyes

Paula Radcliffe's farewell to the London Marathon will be a family affair
Everton vs Manchester United: Steven Naismith demands 'better' if Toffees are to upset the odds against United

Steven Naismith: 'We know we must do better'

The Everton forward explains the reasons behind club's decline this season
Arsenal vs Chelsea: Praise to Arsene Wenger for having the courage of his convictions

Michael Calvin's Last Word

Praise to Wenger for having the courage of his convictions