What did the year of Live 8 change?

The optimistic zeal for reform before the UK’s last G8 was so strong that even Pink Floyd were prepared to be conciliatory. Sarah Morrison assesses  the actual results

It was the biggest anti-poverty movement of our time. More than 200,000 people marched through Edinburgh before the G8 summit in Gleneagles. Hundreds of protesters clashed with riot police, anti-capitalist slogans were sprayed, and dozens of people were arrested.

As leaders  including Tony Blair, George Bush and Jacques Chirac prepared to make grand pledges, entertainers such as Bono, Bob Geldof and Paul McCartney garnered support. Eight million people wore the white wristbands, three billion tuned in to watch Live 8 concerts, and Pink Floyd played together for the first time in almost a quarter of a century.

The promises were grand. Increase aid by $50bn a year by 2010 and double what we give to Africa. Bring about trade justice and cancel outstanding debt for the world’s poorest countries. But eight years later, and days before the UK hosts the G8 summit again, The Independent wants to know just how far have we come?

“Of course, we didn’t make poverty history,” said David Bull, executive director of Unicef UK, when asked about the $19bn aid shortfall, the failure to provide universal access to anti-retroviral drugs, or the stark collapse of meaningful trade talks. But, he added, “a lot was achieved in eight years”. Thirty-five countries had their debt cancelled to the tune of $35.5bn, helping Zambia to provide universal healthcare, and countries such as Uganda, Ghana, Malawi and Tanzania to abolish fees for primary school. “Then and now feel like very different eras,” said Europe executive director for ONE Adrian Lovett, who was integral to the Make Poverty History campaign. Indeed, with recession and austerity measures sweeping Europe, the first big hurdle this week will be to get the development agenda heard at all.

The big focus, argued the IF campaign, must be on battling global hunger – malnutrition is the leading cause of child death, yet less than 0.4 per cent of global aid is spent on it. Leaders must invest in agriculture, prevent farmers being forced off land and tackle global tax avoidance, experts warn.

But Brendan Cox, director of policy and advocacy at Save The Children, said people have to manage their expectations. “The G8 sends very strong political signal changes to policy and practice,” he said. “[But] you can’t sue it if it doesn’t do what it says it will.”

The Gleneagles promises: How did we do?

1 Aid

G8 leaders promised to increase annual aid to poor countries by $50bn and to Africa by $25bn by 2010, while the EU committed to spending 0.7 per cent of income on aid by 2015. Targets were not met. Aid increased by more than 35 per cent, but there was a shortfall of about $19bn. Africa received only $11bn more aid – under half of what was pledged. The UK reached the 0.7 per cent target, but Europe remains off-track. 5/10

2 Debt deal

The G8 agreed that 39 heavily indebted poor countries could abandon debts owed to the World Bank, the IMF and the African Development Bank. Thirty five countries have had a total of $35.5bn forgiven. The others are in varying stages of the process. 8/10

3 Trade

The G8 promised to secure an “ambitious and balanced conclusion to the Doha Round” which sought to make trade work for Africa. The broad failure to create a better trade environment for African countries is one of the most clearly missed Gleneagles commitments. But aid for trade to sub-Saharan Africa has almost doubled since 2005. 1/10

4 Health

Leaders committed to “mobilise” funds for the Global Fund to Fight Aids, TB and Malaria and have provided more than 70 per cent of the fund’s resources to date. But the G8 failed on its ambitious goal to deliver universal access to anti-retroviral drugs by 2010 to achieve an Aids-free generation: only 47 per cent of people were receiving treatment by the deadline. But coverage has increased and new infections in some sub-Saharan African countries have dropped by 37 per cent. 6/10

5 Education

G8 leaders committed to “support” African countries to ensure that by 2015 all children have free and compulsory primary education. Sub-Saharan Africa is not on track to meet this target, but 21 million more children are enrolled in primary schools across high-performing countries compared with 2005. Aid for primary education has increased by about two-thirds. 5/10

6 Water and Sanitation

Leaders agreed to increase aid and maintain “political momentum” on the water issue. Average annual aid has increased by more than 70 per cent, but the leaders’ total share of donor aid has decreased. Sub-Saharan Africa is not on track to achieve the Millennium Development Goal target on water and sanitation. 4/10

7 Governance

Leaders promised to fight corruptionand increase support to the extractive industries. Since 2007, five of the G8 countries, including the UK, provided more than $9.1m to the Extractives Industries Transparency Initiative. All but two G8 countries – Germany and Japan – have ratified the UN Convention against Corruption. The Africa Peer Review Mechanism, to self-monitor governance, was set up in 2005, but only two G8 countries have provided bilateral funds. 3/10

Sources: ONE, Oxfam, OECD, GOV.UK

Suggested Topics
Start your day with The Independent, sign up for daily news emails
Latest stories from i100
Have you tried new the Independent Digital Edition apps?
Independent Dating
and  

By clicking 'Search' you
are agreeing to our
Terms of Use.

iJobs Job Widget
iJobs General

Recruitment Genius: Ecommerce Manager

£45000 - £55000 per annum: Recruitment Genius: An opportunity is available to ...

Recruitment Genius: Customer Service / Administrator - Spanish Speaking

£16000 - £17000 per annum: Recruitment Genius: This world leading specialist i...

Recruitment Genius: Regional Support Manager

Negotiable: Recruitment Genius: This role's responsibility also include operat...

Recruitment Genius: Field Engineer - Northern Home Counties

£27000 - £28000 per annum: Recruitment Genius: Their revenue and profit have g...

Day In a Page

Greece debt crisis: What happened to democracy when it’s a case of 'Vote Yes or else'?

'The economic collapse has happened. What is at risk now is democracy...'

If it doesn’t work in Europe, how is it supposed to work in India or the Middle East, asks Robert Fisk
The science of swearing: What lies behind the use of four-letter words?

The science of swearing

What lies behind the use of four-letter words?
The Real Stories of Migrant Britain: Clive fled from Zimbabwe - now it won't have him back

The Real Stories of Migrant Britain

Clive fled from Zimbabwe - now it won’t have him back
Africa on the menu: Three foodie friends want to popularise dishes from the continent

Africa on the menu

Three foodie friends want to popularise dishes from the hot new continent
Donna Karan is stepping down after 30 years - so who will fill the DKNY creator's boots?

Who will fill Donna Karan's boots?

The designer is stepping down as Chief Designer of DKNY after 30 years. Alexander Fury looks back at the career of 'America's Chanel'
10 best statement lightbulbs

10 best statement lightbulbs

Dare to bare with some out-of-the-ordinary illumination
Wimbledon 2015: Heather Watson - 'I had Serena's poster on my wall – now I'm playing her'

Heather Watson: 'I had Serena's poster on my wall – now I'm playing her'

Briton pumped up for dream meeting with world No 1
Wimbledon 2015: Nick Bollettieri - It's time for big John Isner to produce the goods to go with his thumping serve

Nick Bollettieri's Wimbledon Files

It's time for big John Isner to produce the goods to go with his thumping serve
Dustin Brown: Who is the tennis player who knocked Rafael Nadal out of Wimbeldon 2015?

Dustin Brown

Who is the German player that knocked Nadal out of Wimbeldon 2015?
Ashes 2015: Damien Martyn - 'England are fired up again, just like in 2005...'

Damien Martyn: 'England are fired up again, just like in 2005...'

Australian veteran of that Ashes series, believes the hosts' may become unstoppable if they win the first Test
Tour de France 2015: Twins Simon and Adam Yates have a mountain to climb during Tour of duty

Twins have a mountain to climb during Tour of duty

Yates brothers will target the steepest sections in bid to win a stage in France
John Palmer: 'Goldfinger' of British crime was murdered, say police

Murder of the Brink’s-MAT mastermind

'Goldfinger' of British crime's life ended in a blaze of bullets, say police
Forget little green men - aliens will look like humans, says Cambridge University evolution expert

Forget little green men

Leading evolutionary biologist says aliens will look like humans
The Real Stories of Migrant Britain: An Algerian scientist adjusts to life working in a kebab shop

The Real Stories of Migrant Britain

An Algerian scientist struggles to adjust to her new life working in a Scottish kebab shop
Bodyworlds museum: Dr Gunther von Hagens has battled legal threats, Parkinson's disease, and the threat of bankruptcy

Dying dream of Doctor Death

Dr Gunther von Hagens has battled legal threats, Parkinson's disease, and the threat of bankruptcy