The World This Week

HEADS OF government of the Group of Seven industrialised countries hold an economic summit in Munich today until Wednesday, when Russia's President, Boris Yeltsin, comes in search of Western aid. He insisted he would not plead 'cap in hand' and the IMF says it will give him sorely needed credit to support reforms of the Russian economy.

Mr Yeltsin then moves on to Helsinki for the summit of the Conference on Security and Co- operation in Europe (CSCE) which meets on Thursday and Friday. He remains in Helsinki for a state visit on Friday and Saturday. The Finns want to talk to him about Russia's troop build-up south of the Finnish border from St Petersburg to Murmansk naval base. Mr Yeltsin will be accompanied by his Defence Minister, Pavel Grachev.

Russia has issued soothing noises to Finland on the matter: there was no need to worry about the build-up of former Soviet troops withdrawn from eastern Europe, the message ran: their deployment was only temporary, while plans were being worked out for disbanding them. Finland's Prime Minister, Esko Aho, hopes the build-up can be discussed as part of the CSCE process that would deal with regional troop deployments.

Other matters expected to be raised at the CSCE meeting are Italy's proposals for settling the conflict over Nagorny Karabakh. Japan has been invited to attend. Yugoslavia says it will not attend. The CSCE, once a forum where the superpower blocs could get together and talk, is now somewhat adrift in a post-bloc world. With neither the clout of the UN nor the regional focus of the EC, it is casting about for a role.

Sweden's Prime Minister, Carl Bildt, and the Foreign Minister, Margaretha af Ugglas, meet Baltic States leaders in the Lithuanian capital, Riga, tomorrow to discuss pressure to be put on Russia to expedite the withdrawal of Russian troops from the Baltic States. The Balts, like the Finns, are concerned that the process is taking longer than they thought.

Some 40,000 workers at Poland's copper-producing combine at Lubin are expected to decide tomorrow whether or not to go on strike. The miners want the government to honour a 1989 agreement made with the Communists that miners should receive twice the average wage in the manufacturing industry. This presents a tricky conundrum to a country which is formally without a government. If the copper miners succeed, they are likely to be followed by the far more numerous coal miners.

Keeping alive the spirit of Rio, UN talks start on Wednesday in Geneva on tightening the Montreal Protocol on substances that damage the ozone layer.

Cuba's National Assembly meets on Friday and Saturday to debate changes to its constitution, including the introduction of direct elections. Officials plan to drop all references to the former Soviet Union and emphasise the 19th century Cuban patriot Jose Marti as the chief inspiration for Cuba's communist system. MPs may also agree a provision for the declaration of a state of emergency, perhaps in anticipation of possible troubles to come.

Panama's former strongman Manuel Noriega, who was found guilty in April on eight out of 10 charges of drug-dealing and racketeering, is to be sentenced on Friday in Miami. He faces up to 120 years in prison.

Kurt Waldheim steps down on Wednesday as Austria's president after six years during which he was ostracised by the world for having lied about his Nazi past. He hands over the presidency to Thomas Klestil, a career diplomat who already has a glittering array of international engagements ahead of him. 'I feel relieved,' Mr Waldheim said just before quitting, echoing, no doubt, the feelings of many of his compatriots.

PROMOTED VIDEO
Have you tried new the Independent Digital Edition apps?
News
ebooksAn unforgettable anthology of contemporary reportage
News
Rumer was diagnosed with bipolarity, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and post-traumatic stress disorder: 'I was convinced it was a misdiagnosis'
peopleHer debut album caused her post-traumatic stress - how will she cope as she releases her third record?
Arts and Entertainment
'New Tricks' star Dennis Waterman is departing from the show after he completes filming on two more episodes
tvOnly remaining original cast-member to leave long-running series
Life and Style
Couples have been having sex less in 2014, according to a new survey
life
Voices
Holly's review of Peterborough's Pizza Express quickly went viral on social media
voices
Arts and Entertainment
musicBiographer Hunter Davies has collected nearly a hundred original manuscripts
Sport
A long jumper competes in the 80-to-84-year-old age division at the 2007 World Masters Championships
athletics
Life and Style
Walking tall: unlike some, Donatella Versace showed a strong and vibrant collection
fashionAlexander Fury on the staid Italian clothing industry
Arts and Entertainment
Gregory Porter learnt about his father’s voice at his funeral
music
Arts and Entertainment
tvHighs and lows of the cast's careers since 2004
Life and Style
Children at the Leytonstone branch of the Homeless Children's Aid and Adoption Society tuck into their harvest festival gifts, in October 1936
food + drinkThe harvest festival is back, but forget cans of tuna and packets of instant mash
Sport
Lewis Hamilton will start the Singapore Grand Prix from pole, with Nico Rosberg second and Daniel Ricciardo third
F1... for floodlit Singapore Grand Prix
Latest stories from i100
Have you tried new the Independent Digital Edition apps?
Independent Dating
and  

By clicking 'Search' you
are agreeing to our
Terms of Use.

iJobs Job Widget
iJobs General

KS1 Primary Teacher

£100 - £150 per day: Randstad Education Leeds: Qualified KS1 Supply Teacher re...

KS2 Teaching Supply Wakefield

£140 - £160 per day: Randstad Education Leeds: Qualified KS2 Supply Teacher r...

Year 1/2 Teacher

£130 - £160 per day: Randstad Education Leeds: Qualified KS1 Teacher required,...

Primary Teachers Needed for Supply in Wakefield

£140 - £160 per annum: Randstad Education Leeds: Qualified KS1&2 Supply Te...

Day In a Page

Scottish referendum: The Yes vote was the love that dared speak its name, but it was not to be

Despite the result, this is the end of the status quo

Boyd Tonkin on the fall-out from the Scottish referendum
Manolo Blahnik: The high priest of heels talks flats, Englishness, and why he loves Mary Beard

Manolo Blahnik: Flats, Englishness, and Mary Beard

The shoe designer who has been dubbed 'the patron saint of the stiletto'
The Beatles biographer reveals exclusive original manuscripts of some of the best pop songs ever written

Scrambled eggs and LSD

Behind The Beatles' lyrics - thanks to Hunter Davis's original manuscript copies
'Normcore' fashion: Blending in is the new standing out in latest catwalk non-trend

'Normcore': Blending in is the new standing out

Just when fashion was in grave danger of running out of trends, it only went and invented the non-trend. Rebecca Gonsalves investigates
Dance’s new leading ladies fight back: How female vocalists are now writing their own hits

New leading ladies of dance fight back

How female vocalists are now writing their own hits
Mystery of the Ground Zero wedding photo

A shot in the dark

Mystery of the wedding photo from Ground Zero
His life, the universe and everything

His life, the universe and everything

New biography sheds light on comic genius of Douglas Adams
Save us from small screen superheroes

Save us from small screen superheroes

Shows like Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D are little more than marketing tools
Reach for the skies

Reach for the skies

From pools to football pitches, rooftop living is looking up
These are the 12 best hotel spas in the UK

12 best hotel spas in the UK

Some hotels go all out on facilities; others stand out for the sheer quality of treatments
These Iranian-controlled Shia militias used to specialise in killing American soldiers. Now they are fighting Isis, backed up by US airstrikes

Widespread fear of Isis is producing strange bedfellows

Iranian-controlled Shia militias that used to kill American soldiers are now fighting Isis, helped by US airstrikes
Topshop goes part Athena poster, part last spring Prada

Topshop goes part Athena poster, part last spring Prada

Shoppers don't come to Topshop for the unique
How to make a Lego masterpiece

How to make a Lego masterpiece

Toy breaks out of the nursery and heads for the gallery
Meet the ‘Endies’ – city dwellers who are too poor to have fun

Meet the ‘Endies’ – city dwellers who are too poor to have fun

Urbanites are cursed with an acronym pointing to Employed but No Disposable Income or Savings
Paisley’s decision to make peace with IRA enemies might remind the Arabs of Sadat

Ian Paisley’s decision to make peace with his IRA enemies

His Save Ulster from Sodomy campaign would surely have been supported by many a Sunni imam