The World This Week

HEADS OF government of the Group of Seven industrialised countries hold an economic summit in Munich today until Wednesday, when Russia's President, Boris Yeltsin, comes in search of Western aid. He insisted he would not plead 'cap in hand' and the IMF says it will give him sorely needed credit to support reforms of the Russian economy.

Mr Yeltsin then moves on to Helsinki for the summit of the Conference on Security and Co- operation in Europe (CSCE) which meets on Thursday and Friday. He remains in Helsinki for a state visit on Friday and Saturday. The Finns want to talk to him about Russia's troop build-up south of the Finnish border from St Petersburg to Murmansk naval base. Mr Yeltsin will be accompanied by his Defence Minister, Pavel Grachev.

Russia has issued soothing noises to Finland on the matter: there was no need to worry about the build-up of former Soviet troops withdrawn from eastern Europe, the message ran: their deployment was only temporary, while plans were being worked out for disbanding them. Finland's Prime Minister, Esko Aho, hopes the build-up can be discussed as part of the CSCE process that would deal with regional troop deployments.

Other matters expected to be raised at the CSCE meeting are Italy's proposals for settling the conflict over Nagorny Karabakh. Japan has been invited to attend. Yugoslavia says it will not attend. The CSCE, once a forum where the superpower blocs could get together and talk, is now somewhat adrift in a post-bloc world. With neither the clout of the UN nor the regional focus of the EC, it is casting about for a role.

Sweden's Prime Minister, Carl Bildt, and the Foreign Minister, Margaretha af Ugglas, meet Baltic States leaders in the Lithuanian capital, Riga, tomorrow to discuss pressure to be put on Russia to expedite the withdrawal of Russian troops from the Baltic States. The Balts, like the Finns, are concerned that the process is taking longer than they thought.

Some 40,000 workers at Poland's copper-producing combine at Lubin are expected to decide tomorrow whether or not to go on strike. The miners want the government to honour a 1989 agreement made with the Communists that miners should receive twice the average wage in the manufacturing industry. This presents a tricky conundrum to a country which is formally without a government. If the copper miners succeed, they are likely to be followed by the far more numerous coal miners.

Keeping alive the spirit of Rio, UN talks start on Wednesday in Geneva on tightening the Montreal Protocol on substances that damage the ozone layer.

Cuba's National Assembly meets on Friday and Saturday to debate changes to its constitution, including the introduction of direct elections. Officials plan to drop all references to the former Soviet Union and emphasise the 19th century Cuban patriot Jose Marti as the chief inspiration for Cuba's communist system. MPs may also agree a provision for the declaration of a state of emergency, perhaps in anticipation of possible troubles to come.

Panama's former strongman Manuel Noriega, who was found guilty in April on eight out of 10 charges of drug-dealing and racketeering, is to be sentenced on Friday in Miami. He faces up to 120 years in prison.

Kurt Waldheim steps down on Wednesday as Austria's president after six years during which he was ostracised by the world for having lied about his Nazi past. He hands over the presidency to Thomas Klestil, a career diplomat who already has a glittering array of international engagements ahead of him. 'I feel relieved,' Mr Waldheim said just before quitting, echoing, no doubt, the feelings of many of his compatriots.

PROMOTED VIDEO
Have you tried new the Independent Digital Edition apps?
News
ebooksAn unforgettable anthology of contemporary reportage
Arts and Entertainment
music

News
Russell Brand at an anti-austerity march in June
peopleActor and comedian says 'there's no point doing it if you're not'
Arts and Entertainment
Banksy's 'The Girl with the Pierced Eardrum' in Bristol
art'Girl with the Pierced Eardrum' followed hoax reports artist had been arrested and unveiled
Voices
Oscar Pistorius is led out of court in Pretoria. Pistorius received a five-year prison sentence for culpable homicide by judge Thokozile Masipais for the killing of his girlfriend Reeva Steenkamp
voicesThokozile Masipa simply had no choice but to jail the athlete
Arts and Entertainment
Sister Cristina Scuccia sings 'Like a Virgin' in Venice
music

Like Madonna, Sister Cristina Scuccia's video is also set in Venice

News
i100
Arts and Entertainment
James Blunt's debut album Back to Bedlam shot him to fame in 2004
music

Singer says the track was 'force-fed down people's throats'

Life and Style
The Tinder app has around 10 million users worldwide

techThe original free dating app will remain the same, developers say

News
news

Endangered species spotted in a creek in the Qinling mountains

News
peopleJust weeks after he created dress for Alamuddin-Clooney wedding
Life and Style
A street vendor in Mexico City sells Dorilocos, which are topped with carrot, jimaca, cucumber, peanuts, pork rinds, spices and hot sauce
food + drink

Trend which requires crisps, a fork and a strong stomach is sweeping Mexico's streets

Latest stories from i100
Have you tried new the Independent Digital Edition apps?
Independent Dating
and  

By clicking 'Search' you
are agreeing to our
Terms of Use.

iJobs Job Widget
iJobs General

IT Security Advisor – Permanent – Surrey - £60k-£70k

£60000 - £70000 Per Annum plus excellent benefits: Clearwater People Solutions...

MI Analyst – Permanent – West Sussex – £25k-£35k

£25000 - £35000 Per Annum plus excellent benefits: Clearwater People Solutions...

English Teacher

£110 - £130 per day: Randstad Education Preston: The Job ? This is a new post...

Primary General Cover Teacher

Negotiable: Randstad Education Southampton: We are looking for Primary School ...

Day In a Page

Two super-sized ships have cruised into British waters, but how big can these behemoths get?

Super-sized ships: How big can they get?

Two of the largest vessels in the world cruised into UK waters last week
British doctors on brink of 'cure' for paralysis with spinal cord treatment

British doctors on brink of cure for paralysis

Sufferers can now be offered the possibility of cure thanks to a revolutionary implant of regenerative cells
Let's talk about loss

We need to talk about loss

Secrecy and silence surround stillbirth
Will there be an all-female mission to Mars?

Will there be an all-female mission to Mars?

Women may be better suited to space travel than men are
Oscar Pistorius sentencing: The athlete's wealth and notoriety have provoked a long overdue debate on South African prisons

'They poured water on, then electrified me...'

If Oscar Pistorius is sent to jail, his experience will not be that of other inmates
James Wharton: The former Guard now fighting discrimination against gay soldiers

The former Guard now fighting discrimination against gay soldiers

Life after the Army has brought new battles for the LGBT activist James Wharton
Ebola in the US: Panic over the virus threatens to infect President Obama's midterms

Panic over Ebola threatens to infect the midterms

Just one person has died, yet November's elections may be affected by what Republicans call 'Obama's Katrina', says Rupert Cornwell
Premier League coaches join the RSC to swap the tricks of their trades

Darling, you were fabulous! But offside...

Premier League coaches are joining the RSC to learn acting skills, and in turn they will teach its actors to play football. Nick Clark finds out why
How to dress with authority: Kirsty Wark and Camila Batmanghelidjh discuss the changing role of fashion in women's workwear

How to dress with authority

Kirsty Wark and Camila Batmanghelidjh discuss the changing role of fashion in women's workwear
New book on Joy Division's Ian Curtis sheds new light on the life of the late singer

New book on Ian Curtis sheds fresh light on the life of the late singer

'Joy Division were making art... Ian was for real' says author Jon Savage
Sean Harris: A rare interview with British acting's secret weapon

Sean Harris: A rare interview with British acting's secret weapon

The Bafta-winner talks Hollywood, being branded a psycho, and how Barbra Streisand is his true inspiration
Tim Minchin, interview: The musician, comedian and world's favourite ginger is on scorching form

Tim Minchin interview

For a no-holds-barred comedian who is scathing about woolly thinking and oppressive religiosity, he is surprisingly gentle in person
Boris Johnson's boozing won't win the puritan vote

Boris's boozing won't win the puritan vote

Many of us Brits still disapprove of conspicuous consumption – it's the way we were raised, says DJ Taylor
Ash frontman Tim Wheeler reveals how he came to terms with his father's dementia

Tim Wheeler: Alzheimer's, memories and my dad

Wheeler's dad suffered from Alzheimer's for three years. When he died, there was only one way the Ash frontman knew how to respond: with a heartfelt solo album