Why football stars owe the scouts a huge debt

The great and the good of football can often chart their rise back to the work of the game's 'Nowhere Men', as Ian Herbert explains

The lot of the football scout has never been an easy one. Geoff Twentyman, who once suggested Liverpool might hire a man called Bill Shankly, found himself forlorn and insecure when Everton's success became a threat to his club in the 1980s. The chief scout's judgment was first questioned when Ian Rush, whom he discovered, did not score in his first full season. A biographical gem on Twentyman by the writer and journalist Simon Hughes, Secret Diary of a Liverpool Scout, suggested the fact that Gary Lineker signed at Goodison rather than Anfield, hastened the end for a man so integral to the great Liverpool era.

Twentyman died in 2004 and heaven knows how he would have managed in the world of analytics brought to Liverpool when Damien Comolli was appointed director of football strategy in 2010 by the club's American owners, who are evangelists of that cause. It is a science in which players are judged by the vast array of statistics available these days and in which mathematical algorithms form a key part of the armoury.

The collision of these worlds is captured in a remarkable way by the writer and journalist Michael Calvin in a new book, The Nowhere Men, which feels like a desperately needed accompaniment to the madness of this summer – dominated as it has been by players on six-figure weekly salaries seeking to sling their hook.

The book's revelations about the talent-spotting strategies of David Moyes, Brendan Rodgers and Arsène Wenger are revealing, but it penetrates deep beneath football's soap opera froth, into the world occupied by those you probably won't have heard of: men who, as Calvin puts it, "supply the star system but remain resistant to it".

Mel Johnson, Dean Austin, Paul Dyer, John Griffin, Gary Penrice, Dave Philpotts, Steve Jones and Terry Murphy are unknown to most people, though the way they buzz with talk, guard the identity of the game's best prospects and all seem to know each other suggests they are only innominate because the football circus that only promotes its stars makes them so.

The book deconstructs the opposition between old-fashioned hunch and new-fangled metrics as it reveals how Moyes has utilised the best of both worlds at Everton, as he surely will at United. Everton's head of technical scouting, James Smith, who has worked with Moyes since his Preston North End days, reveals in the book how the Glaswegian was the only manager outside the Premier League to use performance analysis when at Deepdale. Smith's testimony suggests Moyes's rigour is greater than has previously been appreciated.

In a secret recruitment room at his former club – "Everton's most valuable intellectual property" – the entire transfer strategy is mapped out on whiteboards covering all four walls. They include the "MOT Test" which Moyes devises for each scouted player under the age 24, each judged against a checklist of 12 criteria for each position. Moyes is very studious. One whiteboard features the favourite Premier League players of all his senior staff, with four names selected. Another board lists Moyes's notion of the best current starting 11 in each year running to 2014, with an insight into who will drop out and who might take a player's place. Another, smaller board features the most promising Championship, League One and Two players under the age of 23.

Though the whiteboards are evidence that scouting's "back of a fag packet" days are over, as Smith puts it, the scouts and the human element are still integral to the new methods. For that, the "Nowhere Men" are needed. The name of Jack Butland stood out on Moyes's lower leagues whiteboard, yet a night out scouting with Mel Johnson taught Calvin the painful limitations of viewing a player once.

Johnson, Liverpool's senior scout in the south, wanted to see the then Birmingham City keeper playing on loan for Cheltenham in the inhospitable environs of Roots Hall, Southend. The unravelling of Butland's game in a defeat that night, culminating in Calvin observing his "unconscious act of chewing the neckband of his shirt [in] a child-like gesture which radiated fearfulness and isolation" is agonising to read about. Johnson insisted it was not the real Butland and he should know.

It was when working at Tottenham for their former director of football Frank Arnesen that Johnson recommended Shrewsbury Town's Joe Hart, with the Shropshire club asking for £1m. "Frank said 'no'.

Arnesen was not the first or the last to ignore a "Nowhere Man". Fulham's chief scout, Barry Simmonds, got an earful from Roy Hodgson after urging the manager to watch Mousa Dembélé, now at Spurs, play for AZ Alkmaar. "What he didn't call me wasn't worth knowing," Simmonds says of the criticism levelled at him by Hodgson, who felt his night had been wasted. "It was only later, when he was managing Liverpool, that he called and said 'you were right weren't you…?'"

There are so many other scouts like him, who are busy networking and scouring newspapers, only for many of them to be ousted from clubs by the convulsions which come when a manager is sacked.

When that happens, "good people are suddenly disposable chattels", Calvin says.

The good news when Leicester underwent such upheaval was that Steve Jones got an email saying he was being retained. The bad news was the proposed take-it-or-leave-it salary of £50 a week. Jones left it. A brief spell at Hull ended the same way for him, when scouts were informed they would no longer be paid. That made Sheffield United's "salary" of 40p-a-mile expenses, to produce a 13-page opposition report on Colchester United, quite attractive to Jones.

Calvin calls these people the "mileage men". An inestimable number of players owe it to the veteran scout Griffin for pushing their careers on, from Stan Collymore to Alan Pardew, while Penrice's discoveries have included Paulo Gazzaniga, who went from the fringes of Valencia's third team to Southampton, by way of Gillingham.

The book reveals how Arsenal cling to old notions about the players they sign. Arsenal's Murphy – the club's former youth development officer who stuck with Martin Keown when the chief scout said "no" – carries around a piece of paper on which 32 "principles" found in a successful recruit are carefully listed.

The book relates the fates of Steve Gritt, sacked as Bournemouth chief scout and replaced by a video analyst; Russ Richardson, sacked as Bristol City chief scout and effectively replaced by the owner's son; Watford's scouts being cleared out en masse when the Italian owners walked in.

"Same old same old," the "Nowhere Men" will say. Twentyman exhorted Shankly to sign Terry McDermott and only when the midfielder was doing great things at Newcastle United did the error of judgement become clear.

"Aye, he was a cracking player," Shankly admitted. "We made a mistake on that one."

'The Nowhere Men, the Unknown Story of Football's Talent Spotters', by Michael Calvin. Century. £14.99

New Articles
tvDownton Abbey Christmas special
Arts and Entertainment
Wolf (Nathan McMullen), Ian (Dan Starky), The Doctor (Peter Capaldi), Clara (Jenna Coleman), Santa Claus (Nick Frost) in the Doctor Who Christmas Special (BBC/Photographer: David Venni)
tvOur review of the Doctor Who Christmas Special
News
peopleIt seems you can't silence Katie Hopkins, even on Christmas Day...
News
news
PROMOTED VIDEO
Have you tried new the Independent Digital Edition apps?
News
i100
Arts and Entertainment
Left to right: Stanley Tucci, Sophie Grabol and Christopher Eccleston in ‘Fortitude’
tvSo Sky Atlantic arrived in Iceland to film their new and supposedly snow-bound series 'Fortitude'...
Arts and Entertainment
Jenna Coleman as Clara Oswald in the Doctor Who Christmas special
tvForget the rumours that Clara Oswald would be quitting the Tardis
Arts and Entertainment
Japanese artist Megumi Igarashi showing a small mascot shaped like a vagina
art
News
The Queen delivers her Christmas message
newsTwitter reacts to Her Majesty's Christmas Message
Arts and Entertainment
tv
Life and Style
fashion
Caption competition
Caption competition
Latest stories from i100
Have you tried new the Independent Digital Edition apps?

Bleacher Report

Daily Quiz
Independent Dating
and  

By clicking 'Search' you
are agreeing to our
Terms of Use.

Day In a Page

A Christmas without hope: Fears grow in Gaza that the conflict with Israel will soon reignite

Christmas without hope

Gaza fears grow that conflict with Israel will soon reignite
After 150 years, you can finally visit the grisliest museum in the country

The 'Black Museum'

After 150 years, you can finally visit Britain's grisliest museum
No ho-ho-hos with Nick Frost's badass Santa

No ho-ho-hos with Nick Frost's badass Santa

Doctor Who Christmas Special TV review
Chilly Christmas: Swimmers take festive dip for charity

Chilly Christmas

Swimmers dive into freezing British waters for charity
Veterans' hostel 'overwhelmed by kindness' for festive dinner

Homeless Veterans appeal

In 2010, Sgt Gary Jamieson stepped on an IED in Afghanistan and lost his legs and an arm. He reveals what, and who, helped him to make a remarkable recovery
Isis in Iraq: Yazidi girls killing themselves to escape rape and imprisonment by militants

'Jilan killed herself in the bathroom. She cut her wrists and hanged herself'

Yazidi girls killing themselves to escape rape and imprisonment
Ed Balls interview: 'If I think about the deficit when I'm playing the piano, it all goes wrong'

Ed Balls interview

'If I think about the deficit when I'm playing the piano, it all goes wrong'
He's behind you, dude!

US stars in UK panto

From David Hasselhoff to Jerry Hall
Grace Dent's Christmas Quiz: What are you – a festive curmudgeon or top of the tree?

Grace Dent's Christmas Quiz

What are you – a festive curmudgeon or top of the tree?
Nasa planning to build cloud cities in airships above Venus

Nasa planning to build cloud cities in airships above Venus

Planet’s surface is inhospitable to humans but 30 miles above it is almost perfect
Surrounded by high-rise flats is a little house filled with Lebanon’s history - clocks, rifles, frogmen’s uniforms and colonial helmets

Clocks, rifles, swords, frogmen’s uniforms

Surrounded by high-rise flats is a little house filled with Lebanon’s history
Return to Gaza: Four months on, the wounds left by Israel's bombardment have not yet healed

Four months after the bombardment, Gaza’s wounds are yet to heal

Kim Sengupta is reunited with a man whose plight mirrors the suffering of the Palestinian people
Gastric surgery: Is it really the answer to the UK's obesity epidemic?

Is gastric surgery really the answer to the UK's obesity epidemic?

Critics argue that it’s crazy to operate on healthy people just to stop them eating
Homeless Veterans appeal: Christmas charity auction Part 2 - now LIVE

Homeless Veterans appeal: Christmas charity auction

Bid on original art, or trips of a lifetime to Africa or the 'Corrie' set, and help Homeless Veterans
Pantomime rings the changes to welcome autistic theatre-goers

Autism-friendly theatre

Pantomime leads the pack in quest to welcome all