British academic claims to have made a breakthrough in his quest to unlock the 600-year-old secrets of the mysterious Voynich Manuscript


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The Independent Online

Written in an unknown language more than 600-years-ago, it’s a mysterious document which has baffled scholars, cryptographers and historians, who have not been able to decypher a single letter or word for decades.

But now an applied linguistics professor from the University of Bedfordshire claims to have begun to unlock the secrets of the enigmatic 15th century Voynich Manuscript.

Professor Stephen Bax says he has decoded 10 words using an analytical approach, and hopes that his breakthrough could lead to more.

The manuscript consists of cryptic illustrations of human figures, stars and exotic plants, all described in an unknown script that has confounded translators for a century, after it was picked up among a batch of second-hand publications in Italy by antique book dealer Wilfrid Voynich in 1912.

Carbon-dated to some time in the 1400s, the manuscript has since found fame in a number of novels, and more recently in the Assassin’s Creed computer game, but it still manages to keep its message hidden.

Numerous theories have linked the work to a young Leonardo de Vinci, a lost tribe of Israel, or even aliens.



Professor Bax says he used his knowledge of medieval manuscripts and his familiarity with Semitic languages such as Arabic to work on the historical manuscript.

“I hit on the idea of identifying proper names in the text, following historic approaches which successfully deciphered Egyptian hieroglyphs and other mystery scripts, and I then used those names to work out part of the script,” he said.

“The manuscript has a lot of illustrations of stars and plants. I was able to identify some of these, with their names, by looking at mediaeval herbal manuscripts in Arabic and other languages, and I then made a start on a decoding, with some exciting results.”

His partial decoding could prove a breakthrough for eventually discovering the text’s entire meaning.

He added: “My aim in reporting on my findings at this stage is to encourage other linguists to work with me to decode the whole script using the same approach, though it still won’t be easy. That way we can finally understand what the mysterious authors were trying to tell us.”

“But already my research shows conclusively that the manuscript is not a hoax, as some have claimed, and is probably a treatise on nature, perhaps in a Near Eastern or Asian language.”