'We stand to gain not only greater historical knowledge of Leonardo but possibly a reconstruction of his genetic profile'
The study involved the analysis of 380,000 participants' genes
Straight men and women carry genes associated with homosexuality and pass them to their children, finds study
Some of the most important treatments in the world might be missing because of badly-designed consent forms
Sea sponges are believed to have first appeared 640 million years ago
While the phenomenon has long been unexplained, scientists are beginning to solve the mystery
Scientists studying the DNA of ancient Europeans found evidence of a 'major population upheaval' at the end of the last Ice Age
Without the Y chromosome, mammal foetuses develop into the 'default' sex, which is usually female
It is the first time that a top breakthrough had also been a runner-up twice before
Scientists hail breakthrough in their attempts to eventually eradicate genetic diseases in both dogs and humans
Joint committee of scientists says use of genetic engineering should currently be limited to research purposes only
With almost 200 million cases a year, achieving such a result would lift a great weight of human suffering
It was thought that all the 20,000 or so genes that make up the human genome must be essential for life
Many of our bodies' traits aren’t as bizarre as they may seem
Crispr/Cas9 technique could allow scientists to change DNA of human embryos
Critics say the 'Crispr' gene-editing technique could lead to 'designer babies'