Shortly before his death in 1896, Swedish scientist Alfred Nobel – the inventor of dynamite – bequeathed 94 per cent of his wealth towards the creation of five prizes to "those who, during the preceding year, shall have conferred the greatest benefit on mankind". In 1901, the first winners were announced. The first Prize for Literature didn't go to Leo Tolstoy but to poet Sully Prudhomme. Awards were also given in physics, chemistry, peace and medicine.
The Segway was hailed before its launch as a green transport solution of the future. One such believer in the emission-free scooter-cum-skateboard was a former Yorkshire miner turned multimillionaire philanthropist called Jimi Heselden, who last year bought the American firm which invented the self-righting two-wheeler. But in what appears to have been a freak accident, Mr Heselden has been found dead after apparently plunging 30ft over the side of a cliff while riding one of the machines he hoped would revolutionise the way we travel.
Sir Ranulph Fiennes fell asleep at the wheel, crashing head-on into another car, shortly after completing the 42-mile High Peak Marathon in Derbyshire.
Mikhail Gorbachev flies to London for a charity event in honour of his late wife.
An inquiry into three deaths has found they were a coincidence but the families of the dead men remain unhappy
Explorer raised £3m for cancer charity
Now he has reached the top of Everest – at the third attempt – the world's greatest living explorer is running out of new challenges
Sir Ranulph Fiennes reached the summit of Everest today on his third attempt at conquering the Himalayan giant.
He was the man who launched the world into the nuclear age, winning a Nobel prize and laying the foundations for modern nuclear physics.
Actor Hugh Grant has given his backing to a campaign by a leading charity to increase choice in end of life care.