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Luhman 16B is the nearest brown dwarf to Earth, and the third nearest star system to our solar system

Nasa plans to scale back missions to Mars to save money, claim scientists

Nasa is about to propose "irrational" major cuts to its exploration of other planets, especially Mars, scientists claim.

Husband not ready to run as Giffords steps down

The husband of Gabrielle Giffords, the Arizona congresswoman who is standing down while she recovers after being shot in the head, has confirmed he will not run for his wife's seat this year.

Astronauts Neil Armstrong and Ed “Buzz” Aldrin reached the moon in 1969

Nasa launches vital new mission to recover its stolen moon rocks

Internal report says 517 rocks and 'astromaterial' samples have been stolen or are missing

The planned Eisenhower memorial

Gehry's plan for memorial to Eisenhower upsets family

Like any great military and political leader, Dwight Eisenhower had every right to expect that his likeness would one day be immortalised in bronze or marble and installed prominently in his nation's capital. But that was before Frank Gehry came along.

James Lovell: Calculations in the Apollo 13 commander's checklist were crucial to the return to Earth

Nasa probes Apollo 13 commander's right to sell flight checklist

Nasa is investigating whether the Apollo 13 commander, James Lovell, has the right to sell a checklist from the flight that includes his handwritten calculations crucial in guiding the damaged spacecraft back to Earth.

Fresh crew joins the space station

A Soyuz spacecraft carrying a Russian, an American and a Dutchman docked at the International Space Station yesterday, restoring the permanent crew to six members for the first time since September.

Comet Lovejoy whose surface temperatures can reach 6,000C

Picture Of The Day: Comet's close encounter has a sting in its tail

With Comet Lovejoy being little more than a giant snowball, scientists held out little hope for it when it flew close to the Sun, whose outer surface temperatures can reach 6,000C. It had, so the theory went, a snowball's chance in hell.

Google executive chairman Erich Schmidt, back, with founders Sergey Brin, left, and Larry Page, want to use Nasa’s Hangar One to house their private jets

Google tells Nasa: we'll save your hangar – if we can park our jets in it

When Larry Page and Sergey Brin needed somewhere to store their eight private jets, their first step was, presumably, to enter the words "large aircraft hangar" into the internet search engine they created.

Dr James Hansen first raised the issue of global warming at a 1988 US Senate hearing

Father of climate change: 2C limit is not enough

Talks to limit global temperature rises to 2C will not prevent the possibility of dangerous climate change, warns the scientist who first raised the alarm over global warming.

A montage of images taken by the Voyager spacecraft

To boldly go where no man-made object has been before

It has travelled further than any man-made object. Now, after a voyage lasting more than 33 years and covering about 11 billion miles (that's 230,000 trips to the moon and back) it is now is on the verge of leaving the Solar System to enter the mysterious region of interstellar space where no man – nor even anything terrestrial – has gone before.

A montage of images taken by the Voyager spacecraft

Journey into the uncharted voids of the Milky Way

Nasa's Voyager 1 spacecraft is about to become the first man-made object to leave the Solar System

Kepler-22b, a planet known to comfortably circle in the habitable zone of a sun-like star. It is the first planet that NASA's Kepler mission has confirmed to orbit in a star's habitable zone - the region around a star where liquid water, a requirement for life on Earth, could persist

Kepler-22b could be inhabited

A new planet detected orbiting a star 600 light years away could have continents, oceans and life, it was revealed today.

Space debris has reached 'tipping point'

Space junk has made such a mess of Earth's orbit that experts say we may need to finally think about cleaning it up.

Eight years and 34 million miles on, Mars rover nears end of road

It travelled at an average speed of 60cm an hour and it has arrived a year late. But the Mars rover Opportunity is finally approaching its destination, the rim of the vast Endeavour crater.

Video: Nasa poised for Jupiter launch

Nasa is set to launch a five-year mission to Jupiter on Friday to learn more about the planet and how the Earth's solar system was formed.

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Burgundy, the River Rhone & Provence – MS Swiss Corona - seven nights from £999pp
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Backhanders, bribery and abuses of power have soared in China as economy surges

Bribery and abuses of power soar in China

The bribery is fuelled by the surge in China's economy but the rules of corruption are subtle and unspoken, finds Evan Osnos, as he learns the dark arts from a master
Commonwealth Games 2014: Highland terriers stole the show at the opening ceremony

Highland terriers steal the show at opening ceremony

Gillian Orr explores why a dog loved by film stars and presidents is finally having its day
German art world rocked as artists use renowned fat sculpture to distil schnapps

Brewing the fat from artwork angers widow of sculptor

Part of Joseph Beuys' 1982 sculpture 'Fettecke' used to distil schnapps
BBC's The Secret History of Our Streets reveals a fascinating window into Britain's past

BBC takes viewers back down memory lane

The Secret History of Our Streets, which returns with three films looking at Scottish streets, is the inverse of Benefits Street - delivering warmth instead of cynicism
Joe, film review: Nicolas Cage delivers an astonishing performance in low budget drama

Nicolas Cage shines in low-budget drama Joe

Cage plays an ex-con in David Gordon Green's independent drama, which has been adapted from a novel by Larry Brown
How to make your own gourmet ice lollies, granitas, slushy cocktails and frozen yoghurt

Make your own ice lollies and frozen yoghurt

Think outside the cool box for this summer's tempting frozen treats
Ford Fiesta is UK's most popular car of all-time, with sales topping 4.1 million since 1976

Fiesta is UK's most popular car of all-time

Sales have topped 4.1 million since 1976. To celebrate this milestone, four Independent writers recall their Fiestas with pride
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Heaven scent: 10 best reed diffusers

Keep your rooms smelling summery and fresh with one of these subtle but distinctive home fragrances that’ll last you months
Commonwealth Games 2014: Female boxers set to compete for first time

Female boxers set to compete at Commonwealth Games for first time

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Five things we’ve learned so far about Manchester United under Louis van Gaal

Five things we’ve learned so far about United under Van Gaal

It’s impossible to avoid the impression that the Dutch manager is playing to the gallery a little
Screwing your way to the top? Good for Lana Del Rey for helping kill that myth

Screwing your way to the top?

Good for Lana Del Rey for helping kill that myth, says Grace Dent
Will the young Britons fighting in Syria be allowed to return home and resume their lives?

Will Britons fighting in Syria be able to resume their lives?

Tony Blair's Terrorism Act 2006 has made it an offence to take part in military action abroad with a "political, ideological, religious or racial motive"
Beyoncé poses as Rosie the Riveter, the wartime poster girl who became a feminist pin-up

Beyoncé poses as Rosie the Riveter

The wartime poster girl became the ultimate American symbol of female empowerment
The quest to find the perfect pair of earphones: Are custom, 3D printed earbuds the solution?

The quest to find the perfect pair of earphones

Earphones don't fit properly, offer mediocre audio quality and can even be painful. So the quest to design the perfect pair is music to Seth Stevenson's ears
US Army's shooting star: Lt-Col Steven Cole is the man Hollywood calls when it wants to borrow a tank or check a military uniform

Meet the US Army's shooting star

Lt-Col Steven Cole is the man Hollywood calls when it wants to borrow a tank or check a military uniform