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Luhman 16B is the nearest brown dwarf to Earth, and the third nearest star system to our solar system

Nasa plans to scale back missions to Mars to save money, claim scientists

Nasa is about to propose "irrational" major cuts to its exploration of other planets, especially Mars, scientists claim.

Husband not ready to run as Giffords steps down

The husband of Gabrielle Giffords, the Arizona congresswoman who is standing down while she recovers after being shot in the head, has confirmed he will not run for his wife's seat this year.

Astronauts Neil Armstrong and Ed “Buzz” Aldrin reached the moon in 1969

Nasa launches vital new mission to recover its stolen moon rocks

Internal report says 517 rocks and 'astromaterial' samples have been stolen or are missing

The planned Eisenhower memorial

Gehry's plan for memorial to Eisenhower upsets family

Like any great military and political leader, Dwight Eisenhower had every right to expect that his likeness would one day be immortalised in bronze or marble and installed prominently in his nation's capital. But that was before Frank Gehry came along.

James Lovell: Calculations in the Apollo 13 commander's checklist were crucial to the return to Earth

Nasa probes Apollo 13 commander's right to sell flight checklist

Nasa is investigating whether the Apollo 13 commander, James Lovell, has the right to sell a checklist from the flight that includes his handwritten calculations crucial in guiding the damaged spacecraft back to Earth.

Fresh crew joins the space station

A Soyuz spacecraft carrying a Russian, an American and a Dutchman docked at the International Space Station yesterday, restoring the permanent crew to six members for the first time since September.

Comet Lovejoy whose surface temperatures can reach 6,000C

Picture Of The Day: Comet's close encounter has a sting in its tail

With Comet Lovejoy being little more than a giant snowball, scientists held out little hope for it when it flew close to the Sun, whose outer surface temperatures can reach 6,000C. It had, so the theory went, a snowball's chance in hell.

Google executive chairman Erich Schmidt, back, with founders Sergey Brin, left, and Larry Page, want to use Nasa’s Hangar One to house their private jets

Google tells Nasa: we'll save your hangar – if we can park our jets in it

When Larry Page and Sergey Brin needed somewhere to store their eight private jets, their first step was, presumably, to enter the words "large aircraft hangar" into the internet search engine they created.

Dr James Hansen first raised the issue of global warming at a 1988 US Senate hearing

Father of climate change: 2C limit is not enough

Talks to limit global temperature rises to 2C will not prevent the possibility of dangerous climate change, warns the scientist who first raised the alarm over global warming.

A montage of images taken by the Voyager spacecraft

To boldly go where no man-made object has been before

It has travelled further than any man-made object. Now, after a voyage lasting more than 33 years and covering about 11 billion miles (that's 230,000 trips to the moon and back) it is now is on the verge of leaving the Solar System to enter the mysterious region of interstellar space where no man – nor even anything terrestrial – has gone before.

A montage of images taken by the Voyager spacecraft

Journey into the uncharted voids of the Milky Way

Nasa's Voyager 1 spacecraft is about to become the first man-made object to leave the Solar System

Kepler-22b, a planet known to comfortably circle in the habitable zone of a sun-like star. It is the first planet that NASA's Kepler mission has confirmed to orbit in a star's habitable zone - the region around a star where liquid water, a requirement for life on Earth, could persist

Kepler-22b could be inhabited

A new planet detected orbiting a star 600 light years away could have continents, oceans and life, it was revealed today.

Space debris has reached 'tipping point'

Space junk has made such a mess of Earth's orbit that experts say we may need to finally think about cleaning it up.

Eight years and 34 million miles on, Mars rover nears end of road

It travelled at an average speed of 60cm an hour and it has arrived a year late. But the Mars rover Opportunity is finally approaching its destination, the rim of the vast Endeavour crater.

Video: Nasa poised for Jupiter launch

Nasa is set to launch a five-year mission to Jupiter on Friday to learn more about the planet and how the Earth's solar system was formed.

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Iraq invasion 2003: The bloody warnings six wise men gave to Tony Blair as he prepared to launch poorly planned campaign

What the six wise men told Tony Blair

Months before the invasion of Iraq in 2003, experts sought to warn the PM about his plans. Here, four of them recall that day
25 years of The Independent on Sunday: The stories, the writers and the changes over the last quarter of a century

25 years of The Independent on Sunday

The stories, the writers and the changes over the last quarter of a century
Homeless Veterans appeal: 'Really caring is a dangerous emotion in this kind of work'

Homeless Veterans appeal

As head of The Soldiers' Charity, Martin Rutledge has to temper compassion with realism. He tells Chris Green how his Army career prepared him
Wu-Tang Clan and The Sexual Objects offer fans a chance to own the only copies of their latest albums

Smash hit go under the hammer

It's nice to pick up a new record once in a while, but the purchasers of two latest releases can go a step further - by buying the only copy
Geeks who rocked the world: Documentary looks back at origins of the computer-games industry

The geeks who rocked the world

A new documentary looks back at origins of the computer-games industry
Belle & Sebastian interview: Stuart Murdoch reveals how the band is taking a new direction

Belle & Sebastian is taking a new direction

Twenty years ago, Belle & Sebastian was a fey indie band from Glasgow. It still is – except today, as prime mover Stuart Murdoch admits, it has a global cult following, from Hollywood to South Korea
America: Land of the free, home of the political dynasty

America: Land of the free, home of the political dynasty

These days in the US things are pretty much stuck where they are, both in politics and society at large, says Rupert Cornwell
A graphic history of US civil rights – in comic book form

A graphic history of US civil rights – in comic book form

A veteran of the Fifties campaigns is inspiring a new generation of activists
Winston Churchill: the enigma of a British hero

Winston Churchill: the enigma of a British hero

A C Benson called him 'a horrid little fellow', George Orwell would have shot him, but what a giant he seems now, says DJ Taylor
Growing mussels: Precious freshwater shellfish are thriving in a unique green project

Growing mussels

Precious freshwater shellfish are thriving in a unique green project
Diana Krall: The jazz singer on being friends with Elton John, outer space and skiing in Dubai

Diana Krall interview

The jazz singer on being friends with Elton John, outer space and skiing in Dubai
Pinstriped for action: A glimpse of what the very rich man will be wearing this winter

Pinstriped for action

A glimpse of what the very rich man will be wearing this winter
Russell T Davies & Ben Cook: 'Our friendship flourished online. You can share some very revelatory moments at four in the morning…'

Russell T Davies & Ben Cook: How we met

'Our friendship flourished online. You can share some very revelatory moments at four in the morning…'
Bill Granger recipes: Our chef serves up his favourite Japanese dishes

Bill Granger's Japanese recipes

Stock up on mirin, soy and miso and you have the makings of everyday Japanese cuisine
Michael Calvin: How we need more Eric Cantonas to knock some sense into us

Michael Calvin's Last Word

How we need more Eric Cantonas to knock some sense into us