News Edward Snowden speaking during his dinner with a group of four retired US ex-intelligence workers and activists at a luxurious room in an unidentified location.

Former government contractor could join President Obama, Henry Kissinger and Nelson Mandela in historic list

James Hunt in his prime in 1976

James Lawton: The James Hunt I knew is the subject of a new F1 movie

British driver was fascinating man whose epic duel with Niki Lauda in 1976 was typical of an era of glamour and glory – but also the ever-present threat of death

Here and Now: Letters 2008-2011, By Paul Auster & JM Coetzee

Two of our greatest living writers swap views on life, death and the tyranny of the mobile phone

Desmond Tutu has said he will no longer vote for the ruling African National Congress

Desmond Tutu’s editorial denounces the ANC

Archbishop Emeritus Desmond Tutu, lifelong friend of former South African president Nelson Mandela and the man regarded by many as the nation’s voice of conscience, has said he will no longer vote for the ruling African National Congress (ANC).

'The stuff of Nobel prizes': Half a million sufferers of back pain 'could be cured with antibiotics'

Up to half a million patients with chronic low back pain may be suffering from an infection that can be treated with antibiotics.

The Weekend's Viewing: In Russell Lewis, Endeavour has a writer who knows when to stop

Endeavour, Sun, ITV1 // The Genius of Marie Curie – the Woman Who Lit Up the World, Fri, BBC2

The Sir Winston Churchill banknote concept, which is set to oust the current five pound note with social reformer Elizabeth Fry as the face of the Banks of England's five pound notes

With Churchill set fair for the five pound note, what price equality? Show me the money women

Chancellor’s aide joins new campaign demanding that British women be recognised on banknotes

Sir Winston Churchill will appear on £5 notes from 2016

Sir Winston Churchill to replace Elizabeth Fry on the five pound note - leaving the Queen as only woman on a British bank note

War leader will replace penal reformer Elizabeth Fry, leaving the Queen the only woman on a British bank note

Murray and his wife Noreen, with their double portrait; they made a formidable team

Professor Sir Kenneth Murray: Scientist who developed the vaccine against hepatitis B

As chairman of the Court of the University of Edinburgh between 2003 and 2006 I was in a position to know something that Sir Ken Murray – he was Ken, not Kenneth to his vast array of friends in the scientific community worldwide – and his wife, Lady Noreen, did not want generally known: that they had donated over £12m to their university. This fund accrued from the patent rights of Murray's work, which spearheaded the fight against hepatitis. Murray and his Edinburgh team found a way to identify the hepatitis B virus, which seriously damages the liver, and developed a vaccine against it. He was also a co-founder of the biotech company Biogen, which patented the vaccine.

Sir Robert Edwards developed IVF in the 1960s and 1970s

He was like a grandfather to me: first test-tube baby leads tributes to IVF pioneer Sir Robert Edwards

Louise Brown, the world’s first “test tube baby”, led tributes for IVF pioneer Professor Sir Robert Edwards after his death at the age of 87.

Television choices: How to build a better future with Sellotape and science

TV pick of the week: Tomorrow's World: A Horizon Special

Desmond Tutu is this year’s winner of the ‘spiritual Nobel’

Templeton Prize: Desmond Tutu wins a million – so will he follow the Dalai Lama and give it away?

When the Dalai Lama received £1.1m last year from the Templeton Foundation, he did what all good Buddhist monks who have preached against materialism might be expected to do – he gave it away.

The Labour politician won the prize for his work on disarmament

Thieves steal Uncle Arthur’s 1934 Nobel Prize medal

The Nobel Peace Prize medal won by one of the founding fathers of the modern Labour Party, Arthur Henderson, has been stolen in a £150,000 raid at the Lord Mayor’s office in Newcastle.

Health officials carry sacks of culled chickens after bird flu was found at a farm in Agartala, India

Last night's viewing - The Challenger, BBC2; Paul Hollywood's Bread, BBC2

Those of us who can remember the 1986 Challenger disaster – the Nasa shuttle that exploded just 73 seconds after seven smiling astronauts waved to the world and took off for space – will recall the shock and bewilderment that followed this much publicised flight. The doomed moment was caught on television, including the suddenly silenced crowd of well-wishers down below who stared up at the plumes of smoke as the shuttle disintegrated. The astronauts included a school teacher making her first trip to space, and their bodies were recovered from the Atlantic after a protracted search that only extended the sense of national anguish.

Kostya Novoselov has criticised the current emphasis on scientific research needing to be commercial

Dash for cash is stopping science in its tracks, claims Nobel winner

Scientific breakthroughs are becoming more difficult in Britain because of the pressure on scientists to demonstrate that their research has practical benefits before it is funded, Kostya Novoselov told The Independent.

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Scottish independence: How the Commonwealth Games could swing the vote

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A writer spends a night on the streets

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UK's railways are entering a new golden age

New stations are opening across the country and our railways appear to be entering an era not seen in Britain since the early 1950s
Conchita Wurst becomes a 'bride' on the Paris catwalk - and proves there is life after Eurovision

Conchita becomes a 'bride' on Paris catwalk

Alexander Fury salutes the Eurovision Song Contest winner's latest triumph
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Pétanque 'world cup' hit by death threats

This year's most acrimonious sporting event took place in France, not Brazil. How did pétanque get so passionate?
Whelks are healthy, versatile and sustainable - so why did we stop eating them in the UK?

Why did we stop eating whelks?

Whelks were the Victorian equivalent of the donor kebab and our stocks are abundant. So why do we now export them all to the Far East?
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In the shade: 10 best women's sunglasses

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Siobhan-Marie O’Connor: Swimmer needs Glasgow joy on road to Rio

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The true Gaza back-story that the Israelis aren’t telling this week

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