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The pair were picked up Norwegian freighter en route for Rotterdam after previous attempts to help them failed

Letters: England's key inventor

DECCA Aitkenhead is near the truth ("Time taps adieu to the typewriter", 13 August). Pellegrino Turri of Castelnuovo devised a writing machine for the blind Countess Carolina Fantoni da Fivizzono in 1808. However, credit is probably due to England. It was Henry Mill, an engineer from Sussex, who in 1714 patented an "artificial machinefor the impressing or transcribing of letters, singly or progressively as in writing, whereby all writings may be engrossed on paper or parchment so neat as not to be distinguished from print."

Lampard leads British challenge

Equestrianism

Finger-picking good

The range of flamenco and its offshoots has never been greater, from the diminishing band of old southern Cante Jondo singers and their stylistic heirs, through an array of modernisers and flamenco-rock groups to art-house dance troupes and concert-hall virtuosi. Paco Pea's niche in the spectrum is indicated by a part-time position he holds as Professor of Flamenco at Rotterdam Conservatory. Pea is learned, non-gypsy and international, dividing his time between homes in north London and his native Crdoba, where he organises a highly esteemed guitar festival and workshop.

Salary accelerator works for Persil Power chiefs

The man behind what has been described as Unilever's biggest marketing setback has become the group's highest-paid director.

PREVIEW OF WOMEN'S WORLD DOUBLES CUP

TENNIS: SPORTING DIGEST

Wright on target early for Slough

HOCKEY

Learning to live with the city

l The Reith Lectures l The architect Richard Rogers argues that the decaying fabric of urban life must be transformed into a sustainable, civilising environment - if we are to avert catastrophe

Flood refugees return home

Tiel - Dutch refugees poured back to their precarious polder life yesterday; 250,000 refugees were given the go-ahead to return; and about 70,000 had been allowed to go home in previous days. Most returnees crowded roads pulling their most treasu red belongings in trailers and campers.

Pretty in pinkku, big in Japan

David Nicholson samples a season of sex movies, Japanese-style

Obituary: Jan Tinbergen

Jan Tinbergen, economist: born The Hague 12 April 1903; staff, Central Bureau of Statistics, The Hague 1929-36, 1938-45; part-time Professor, Netherlands School of Economics (now Erasmus University), Rotterdam 1933-55, Professor of Development Planning 1955-73 (Emeritus); Director, Central Planning Bureau, The Hague 1945-55; Nobel Prize for Economics 1969; Professor of International Co-operation, University of Leiden 1973-75; married 1929 Tine De Wit(three daughters, and one daughter deceased); died 9 June 1994.

Travel: Behind the times

AT LEAST the cover photograph of the new national railway timetable, which comes into effect tomorrow, shows, accurately, a deserted Waterloo International station. And, in keeping with the delay in establishing a rail link through the Channel tunnel, Table 350 (London to Brussels and Paris) is ominously blank. But in case you thought you would take a ferry instead, beware of Table 305 (London to Rotterdam and Amsterdam, change at Sittingbourne). The ferry link upon which it is based, from Sheerness to Vlissingen, shut down a fortnight ago.

Racism tests the tolerance of the Dutch: Far right to make more gains this week

FOUR mothers sit chatting in the spring sunshine on the terrace of the municipal creche. One is white, one black, one Turkish, one Indian. This is the traditional image of the Netherlands: an easy-going, racially integrated society, where the state provides amply for all and citizens live convivially in a climate of enlightened tolerance.

Dutch poll seeks to fill vacuum left by Lubbers: Immigration and the welfare state loom large in Tuesday's elections, writes Sarah Lambert in The Hague

THE NETHERLANDS is preparing to end an era. The Prime Minister of 12 years, Ruud Lubbers, is stepping down, leaving a political vacuum that the contenders for power in Tuesday's national elections are struggling to fill.

Dawsongroup chairman to lead European drive

PETER DAWSON, who owns 73 per cent of Dawsongroup, the truck leasing and distribution company, is to relinquish the executive chairmanship to take charge of the push into Europe, writes John Murray.

Obituary: Ien Dales

Ien Dales, politician, died Utrecht 10 January, aged 62. Appointed Dutch Home Affairs Minister in Ruud Lubbers' centre-left coalition cabinet in November 1989. Negotiated wage deals with the powerful civil service unions and acquired a reputation for driving a hard bargain. Previously Director of Social Services for Rotterdam (1977-81), State Secretary for social affairs (1981-82) and mayor of the eastern city of Nijmegen (1987-89).
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Independent Travel
Pompeii, Capri & the Bay of Naples
Dubrovnik, the Dalmatian Coast & Montenegro
Burgundy, the River Rhone & Provence
Lisbon, Oporto and the Douro Valley
Lake Garda, Venice & Verona
Spain
Prices correct as of 30 January 2015
Isis hostage crisis: The prisoner swap has only one purpose for the militants - recognition its Islamic State exists and that foreign nations acknowledge its power

Isis hostage crisis

The prisoner swap has only one purpose for the militants - recognition its Islamic State exists and that foreign nations acknowledge its power, says Robert Fisk
Missing salvage expert who found $50m of sunken treasure before disappearing, tracked down at last

The runaway buccaneers and the ship full of gold

Salvage expert Tommy Thompson found sunken treasure worth millions. Then he vanished... until now
Homeless Veterans appeal: ‘If you’re hard on the world you are hard on yourself’

Homeless Veterans appeal: ‘If you’re hard on the world you are hard on yourself’

Maverick artist Grayson Perry backs our campaign
Assisted Dying Bill: I want to be able to decide about my own death - I want to have control of my life

Assisted Dying Bill: 'I want control of my life'

This week the Assisted Dying Bill is debated in the Lords. Virginia Ironside, who has already made plans for her own self-deliverance, argues that it's time we allowed people a humane, compassionate death
Move over, kale - cabbage is the new rising star

Cabbage is king again

Sophie Morris banishes thoughts of soggy school dinners and turns over a new leaf
11 best winter skin treats

Give your moisturiser a helping hand: 11 best winter skin treats

Get an extra boost of nourishment from one of these hard-working products
Paul Scholes column: The more Jose Mourinho attempts to influence match officials, the more they are likely to ignore him

Paul Scholes column

The more Jose Mourinho attempts to influence match officials, the more they are likely to ignore him
Frank Warren column: No cigar, but pots of money: here come the Cubans

Frank Warren's Ringside

No cigar, but pots of money: here come the Cubans
Isis hostage crisis: Militant group stands strong as its numerous enemies fail to find a common plan to defeat it

Isis stands strong as its numerous enemies fail to find a common plan to defeat it

The jihadis are being squeezed militarily and economically, but there is no sign of an implosion, says Patrick Cockburn
Virtual reality thrusts viewers into the frontline of global events - and puts film-goers at the heart of the action

Virtual reality: Seeing is believing

Virtual reality thrusts viewers into the frontline of global events - and puts film-goers at the heart of the action
Homeless Veterans appeal: MP says Coalition ‘not doing enough’

Homeless Veterans appeal

MP says Coalition ‘not doing enough’ to help
Larry David, Steve Coogan and other comedians share stories of depression in new documentary

Comedians share stories of depression

The director of the new documentary, Kevin Pollak, tells Jessica Barrett how he got them to talk
Has The Archers lost the plot with it's spicy storylines?

Has The Archers lost the plot?

A growing number of listeners are voicing their discontent over the rural soap's spicy storylines; so loudly that even the BBC's director-general seems worried, says Simon Kelner
English Heritage adds 14 post-war office buildings to its protected lists

14 office buildings added to protected lists

Christopher Beanland explores the underrated appeal of these palaces of pen-pushing
Human skull discovery in Israel proves humans lived side-by-side with Neanderthals

Human skull discovery in Israel proves humans lived side-by-side with Neanderthals

Scientists unearthed the cranial fragments from Manot Cave in West Galilee