News

A military court sentenced 11 supporters of Mohamed Morsi, the deposed Islamist President, to life imprisonment today on charges of attacking the army.

Obituaries : Sir Evelyn Shuckburgh

Charles Arthur Evelyn Shuckburgh, diplomat: born 26 May 1909; CMG 1949, KCMG 1959, GCMG 1967; Principal Private Secretary to Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs 1951-54; CB 1954; Assistant Under-Secretary, Foreign Office 1954-56; Senior Civilia n Instructor, IDC 1956-58; Assistant Secretary-General (Political) of Nato, Paris 1958-60; Deputy Under-Secretary, Foreign Office 1960-62; Permanent British Representative to North Atlantic Council, Paris 1962-66; Ambassador to Italy 1966-69; Chairman, E xecutive Committee, British Red Cross Society 1970-80, Chairman, Council 1976-80; Member, Standing Commission, International Red Cross 1974-81, Chairman 1977-81; married 1937 Nancy Brett (two sons, one daughter); died Watlington, Oxfordshire 12 December 1994.

Egypt deadlock on Islamic veils

(First Edition)

Veil lifted

Cairo - The Egyptian government has moved its battle with Muslim fundamentalists into schools by banning girls from wearing the hijab (veil) unless allowed by their parents. Reuter

Obituary: Maj-Gen Aharon Yariv

Aharon Rabinovich (Aharon Yariv), soldier and politician: born Latvia 1920; married (one son); died Kfar Saba, Israel 8 May 1994.

How We Met: Susie Orbach and Gillian Slovo

Susie Orbach, 47, is a psychotherapist and author of seven books, including Fat is a Feminist Issue. Founder of the Women's Therapy Centre in London and the Women's Therapy Institute in New York, she lives in London with her partner, Professor Joseph Schwartz, and two children.

Obituary: Lt-Gen Haim Barlev

Haim Barlev, soldier, politician, diplomat: born Vienna 16 November 1924; Deputy Chief of Staff, Israeli Defence Forces 1967, Chief of Staff 1968-71; Minister of Commerce and Industry 1972-77; Ambassador to Russia 1993- 94; married (one son, one daughter); died Tel Aviv 7 May 1994.

Still learning the lessons of Suez

THE MOMENT at which people lose power seems to be the moment at which they say what they really think. In the last couple of years we have had the example of two former Chancellors of the Exchequer and one former permanent secretary of the Treasury declaring that they believe the Bank of England should be independent - although in office they accepted the status quo of Treasury dominance. Even prime ministers now seem to want to get their real view (or what they would like to think is their real view) across to a wider audience as soon after they leave power as possible.

Eden's lessons of Suez revealed, 37 years on: Secrets emerge in huge clear-out of public records

DAYS before he resigned as Prime Minister in January 1957, Sir Anthony Eden wrote urgently of the need for Britain to work closely with Europe, to slash its spending on defence and the Welfare State, to halt the drain of talent to America and to concentrate on becoming a technological power.

Egypt hangs three militants

(First Edition)

Obituary: Henri Pharaon

MAY I add to Professor John Carswell's evocative memories of Henri Pharaon (10 August, further to the obituary by Robert Fisk, 7 August)? writes Rosemarie Said Zahan.

Egypt execution

Sherif Hassan Ahmed, a Muslim militant convicted by a military court in December of plotting to overthrow the Egyptian government, was hanged in an Alexandria prison yesterday, Reuter reports from Cairo. He was the first person to be executed in Egypt for a political crime since five militants were hanged in April 1982 for assassinating President Anwar Sadat.

BOOK REVIEW / In brief: Adrift on the Nile - Naguib Mahfouz, trs Frances Liardet: Doubleday, pounds 13.99

Escaping from the reality of life in Nasser's Egypt, Anis Zaki and his friends gather every evening to smoke kif on his Nile houseboat. Into this absurdist 'paradise' comes the serious-minded journalist, Samara, as determined to change the men as to find purpose in her own life. Tensions and erotic complications ensue. Anis's kif-fuelled fantasies add poetry to the philosophical arguments, until reality intervenes, the group disintegrates and paradise is transformed into hell. This elegant and intellectually satisfying novel, first published in 1966, is more disturbing now than when it was written.

Tomb find

ABU SIR, EGYPT (Reuter) - Archaeologists have found a 3,200-year-old underground tomb near the Pyramids of Giza and say it might be part of an entire previously-unknown necropolis. 'We are in front of a very big discovery,' the director of the Egyptian Antiquities Organisation, Mohammed Ibrahim Bakr, said outside the tomb near the village of Abu Sir. The tomb was built for Nakh-Min, 'overseer of chariots' and 'messenger to foreign lands' for the Pharaoh Ramses II.

Play the game, point the finger

ON BOTH sides of the Atlantic this week, the warning cry of 'Suez]' was heard. The connection was inevitable, for the international line-up on the reported discussions between the allies over Bosnia is identical with that over Suez in October/ November 1956: the United States on one side versus Britain and France on the other.

Obituary: Marshal of the RAF Sir Dermot Boyle

Dermot Alexander Boyle, air force officer: born Abbeyleix, Ireland 2 October 1904; AFC 1939; Air ADC to the King 1943; Air Commodore 1944; CBE 1945, KBE 1953; CB 1946, GCB 1957; Director-General of Personnel, Air Ministry 1948-49, Director-General of Manning 1949-51; Air Vice-Marshal 1949; AOC, No 1 Group Bomber Command 1951-53; KCVO 1953; AOC-in-C, Fighter Command 1953-55; Air Marshal 1954; Air Chief Marshal 1956; Chief of the Air Staff 1956-59; Marshal of the Royal Air Force 1958; Vice-Chairman, British Aircraft Corporation 1962-71; Deputy Chairman, RAF Benevolent Fund 1971- 80; married 1931 Una Carey (two sons, one daughter, and one son deceased); died Sway, Hampshire 5 May 1993. Dermot Boyle, who held the post of Chief of the Air Staff in the later 1950s, is recalled by the Royal Air Force as one of its most charismatic leaders. Totally dedicated to the Service, he held office during the Suez campaign of 1956 and then had to deal with the crisis of confidence created by the Sandys defence review. To predict, as Duncan Sandys did, that the advent of the missile would mean the end of the manned fighter aircraft represented a challenge to the very existence of the RAF, and Boyle's successful resistance to it was his greatest achievement.
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