In Scrabble, 'immortal' is the winning word, but what is the most beautiful?

 

Kevin McMahon, a trainee physics teacher, was yesterday crowned at the best Scrabble player in the UK, with the word "immortal" helping clinch victory in the final.

This year's British Matchplay Scrabble Championships were played out over the three days of the Bank Holiday weekend, with Mr McMahon emerging victorious from 120 players following a gruelling 21 rounds.

The competition is the flagship event of the Association of British Scrabble Players. After collecting the trophy and the £1,000 prize money at the Yarnfield Park Conference Centre in Staffordshire, Mr McMahon, from Dublin, said: "I'm really happy; it feels brilliant."

He said that while it was "looking good in the final" a score of 158 with the word immortal "sealed the deal".

While Mr McMahon was unable to use his favourite term, "brouhaha" in the final ("I don't really play the words for their beauty; I just do it for points"), his victory coincides with new research by Scrabble into what makes words beautiful.

Celebrities offering up their own favourite words include the actor and comedian Stephen Fry ("snuffle") and Jay Kay, from Jamiroquai ("whippersnapper").

Linguistic experts increasingly believe there may be a science behind what makes words sound beautiful, and there is even a name for their study – phonaesthetics.

Robert Beard, a poet and linguist who wrote The 100 Most Beautiful Words in English, said: "There is some science to it. We all agree that words with rounded vowels as well as the 'liquid consonants' ["l" and "r"] are often found in beautiful words."

He added that old-fashioned words in English had a "special kind of beauty" pointing to examples including "wherewithal", "erstwhile" and "forbearance".

The term phonaesthetics was coined by the English linguist John Rupert Firth in 1930, while the academic David Crystal was the first to draw up a matrix to attempt to identify the structural features shared by beautiful words.

His list of criteria included words with three syllables and a stress on the first. They also tended to use the letters "m" and "l", short vowels, "high-frequency consonants", and "at least three different manners of consonantal articulation".

The authors Edgar Allen Poe and J R R Tolkien both cited the compound noun "cellar door" as the most beautiful in the language, while Oscar Wilde picked "vermillion" as his personal favourite.

The last comprehensive attempt to find Britain's favourite word was carried out by a newspaper in 1980 when a readers' poll put "melody" and "velvet" equal first.

A group of elocutionists also once produced a list of what they considered the ugliest sounds including flatulent, phlegmatic, crunch and cacophony.

Celebrity choices

Sting 'laconic': adjective, defined as 'using very few words'

Hilary Devey (BBC Dragons' Den) – 'machination': noun, defined as 'the act of plotting'

Stephen Fry 'snuffle': verb, defined as 'breathe noisily through the nose'

Jay Kay (Jamiroquai) 'whippersnapper': noun, meaning 'an inexperienced person considered to be presumptuous or overconfident'

Susie Dent (Channel 4 Countdown) 'halcyon': adjective, defined as 'peaceful gentle calm happy and carefree'

Suggested Topics
Have you tried new the Independent Digital Edition apps?
Arts and Entertainment

ebooksNow available in paperback
Arts and Entertainment

ebooks
Arts and Entertainment
Feeling all at sea: Barbara's 18-year-old son came under the influence of a Canadian libertarian preacher – and she had to fight to win him back
TV review
Arts and Entertainment
Living the high life: Anne Robinson enjoys some skip-surfed soup
TV review
Arts and Entertainment

Great British Bake Off
Arts and Entertainment
Doctor Who and Missy in the Doctor Who series 8 finale

TV
Arts and Entertainment

film
Arts and Entertainment
Chvrches lead singer Lauren Mayberry in the band's new video 'Leave a Trace'

music
Arts and Entertainment

music
Arts and Entertainment
Home on the raunch: George Bisset (Aneurin Barnard), Lady Seymour Worsley (Natalie Dormer) and Richard Worsley (Shaun Evans)

TV review
Arts and Entertainment

TV
Arts and Entertainment
Strictly Come Dancing was watched by 6.9m viewers

Strictly
Arts and Entertainment
NWA biopic Straight Outta Compton

film
Arts and Entertainment
Natalie Dormer as Margaery Tyrell and Lena Headey as Cersei Lannister in Game of Thrones

Game of Thrones
Arts and Entertainment
New book 'The Rabbit Who Wants To Fall Asleep' by Carl-Johan Forssen Ehrlin

books
Arts and Entertainment
Calvi is not afraid of exploring the deep stuff: loneliness, anxiety, identity, reinvention
music
Arts and Entertainment
Edinburgh solo performers Neil James and Jessica Sherr
comedy
Arts and Entertainment
If a deal to buy tBeats, founded by hip-hop star Dr Dre (pictured) and music producer Jimmy Iovine went through, it would be Apple’s biggest ever acquisition

album review
Arts and Entertainment
Paloma Faith is joining The Voice as a new coach

TV
Arts and Entertainment
Dowton Abbey has been pulling in 'telly tourists', who are visiting Highclere House in Berkshire

TV
Arts and Entertainment

TV
Arts and Entertainment
Patriot games: Vic Reeves featured in ‘Very British Problems’
TV review
Latest stories from i100
Have you tried new the Independent Digital Edition apps?
SPONSORED FEATURES

ES Rentals

    Independent Dating
    and  

    By clicking 'Search' you
    are agreeing to our
    Terms of Use.

    Isis profits from destruction of antiquities by selling relics to dealers - and then blowing up the buildings they come from to conceal the evidence of looting

    How Isis profits from destruction of antiquities

    Robert Fisk on the terrorist group's manipulation of the market to increase the price of artefacts
    Labour leadership: Andy Burnham urges Jeremy Corbyn voters to think again in last-minute plea

    'If we lose touch we’ll end up with two decades of the Tories'

    In an exclusive interview, Andy Burnham urges Jeremy Corbyn voters to think again in last-minute plea
    Tunisia fears its Arab Spring could be reversed as the new regime becomes as intolerant of dissent as its predecessor

    The Arab Spring reversed

    Tunisian protesters fear that a new law will whitewash corrupt businessmen and officials, but they are finding that the new regime is becoming as intolerant of dissent as its predecessor
    King Arthur: Legendary figure was real and lived most of his life in Strathclyde, academic claims

    Academic claims King Arthur was real - and reveals where he lived

    Dr Andrew Breeze says the legendary figure did exist – but was a general, not a king
    Who is Oliver Bonas and how has he captured middle-class hearts?

    Who is Oliver Bonas?

    It's the first high-street store to pay its staff the living wage, and it saw out the recession in style
    Earth has 'lost more than half its trees' since humans first started cutting them down

    Axe-wielding Man fells half the world’s trees – leaving us just 422 each

    However, the number of trees may be eight times higher than previously thought
    60 years of Scalextric: Model cars are now stuffed with as much tech as real ones

    60 years of Scalextric

    Model cars are now stuffed with as much tech as real ones
    Theme parks continue to draw in thrill-seekers despite the risks - so why are we so addicted?

    Why are we addicted to theme parks?

    Now that Banksy has unveiled his own dystopian version, Christopher Beanland considers the ups and downs of our endless quest for amusement
    Tourism in Iran: The country will soon be opening up again after years of isolation

    Iran is opening up again to tourists

    After years of isolation, Iran is reopening its embassies abroad. Soon, there'll be the chance for the adventurous to holiday there
    10 best PS4 games

    10 best PS4 games

    Can’t wait for the new round of blockbusters due out this autumn? We played through last year’s offering
    Transfer window: Ten things we learnt

    Ten things we learnt from the transfer window

    Record-breaking spending shows FFP restraint no longer applies
    Migrant crisis: UN official Philippe Douste-Blazy reveals the harrowing sights he encountered among refugees arriving on Lampedusa

    ‘Can we really just turn away?’

    Dead bodies, men drowning, women miscarrying – a senior UN figure on the horrors he has witnessed among migrants arriving on Lampedusa, and urges politicians not to underestimate our caring nature
    Nine of Syria and Iraq's 10 world heritage sites are in danger as Isis ravages centuries of history

    Nine of Syria and Iraq's 10 world heritage sites are in danger...

    ... and not just because of Isis vandalism
    Girl on a Plane: An exclusive extract of the novelisation inspired by the 1970 Palestinian fighters hijack

    Girl on a Plane

    An exclusive extract of the novelisation inspired by the 1970 Palestinian fighters hijack
    Why Frederick Forsyth's spying days could spell disaster for today's journalists

    Why Frederick Forsyth's spying days could spell disaster for today's journalists

    The author of 'The Day of the Jackal' has revealed he spied for MI6 while a foreign correspondent