What is shipping? Your chance to make Harry end up with Hermione

Want Holmes to romance Watson? Whether you know it or not, you are 'shipping'. Gillian Orr on a handy addition to the dictionary

Among the numerous new entries recently announced to be joining the hallowed pages of the Oxford English Dictionary were "cryptocurrency", "zero-hours" and "bikeable". But it was perhaps the addition of a new meaning of "shipping" that left most wordsmiths scratching their heads. For shipping no longer refers solely to the transporting of goods by sea, and as with most re-routing of words, we have the internet to thank.

If you've ever willed Harry and Hermione to swap their insults for embraces, or wished Holmes and Watson would surrender to the obvious chemistry between them, then you've, maybe unwittingly, already taken part in shipping.

Derived from "to relationship", shipping is the championing of two characters to get together. It has exploded with the burgeoning popularity of online fan fiction, which sees users write up details of (as-yet unfulfilled) romances. All ages are involved in shipping, and while plenty is sweet, teen fan-girling, some will leave you blushing and checking that you've not accidentally clicked on to a porn site.

One of the first fictional couples to be shipped was The X-Files' Mulder and Scully. Fans were divided into "relationshippers", who longed for the FBI Special Agents to lock lips, and the "noromos", who wanted their association to remain strictly professional. Another early example (and a rather curious one) was the shipping of certain Pokemons. Apparently Jessie and James were made for each other, the unconsummated darlings of Japanese anime, if you will.

Usually, fans will give a couple their own moniker, often a portmanteau of their names. X-Files fans liked to use Sculder or MSR (quite simply Mulder-Scully Romance).

Any kind of relationship can be acknowledged. From the obvious "will they, won't they" couples to inter-species intimacy, one rule of the shipping community is that if at least one person wants to see a certain pairing, then it's a legitimate ship. Nor is it limited to modern-day culture; you'll find sites dedicated to shipping the heroes and heroines of classic literature, such as Jo and Laurie in Little Women.

One of the most popular practices is to pair up characters into homosexual relationships (or slash ships). While many Harry Potter fans longed for the wizard schoolboy to end up with Hermione (indeed, JK Rowling herself suggested this should have been the case), even more wanted to see him get it on with his enemy Draco (that one's called Drarry).

Some pretty interesting artwork of proposed couples in imagined situations is also a big part of the culture. When James McAvoy and Michael Fassbender appeared on The Graham Norton Show a couple of weeks ago to promote their new film, X-Men: Days of Future Past, the host presented the two actors with drawings of them (as their characters, Charles and Erik, respectively) in some loved-up scenarios, including feeding each other cupcakes, and baking cookies. This hook-up is called, you guessed it, McBender.

Television producers also routinely play up to shippers. Sherlock executives have ensured that "Johnlock" fans are kept happy by including numerous incidents in which the colleagues are assumed to be a couple, while the producers of Xena: Warrior Princess peppered the script with humorous lesbian innuendo after they discovered that fans were discussing the possibility of a relationship between Xena and her best friend, Gabrielle. As a result, the show acquired a huge following in the sapphic community.

But perhaps the most famous ship today is not based on fictional characters, but rather two real people. A number of fans of One Direction's Harry Styles and Louis Tomlinson have, rather curiously, longed for a romance between them, calling the duo Larry Stylinson, and writing stories about them that can run into hundreds of thousands of words. Why teenage girls – which most of the authors are – like to imagine their crushes are gay is anyone's guess, but it's clear that fandom has moved on from the days when a sticker book and a couple of posters were all you needed to acknowledge your allegiance.

Arts and Entertainment
Jamie Dornan as Christian Grey in the first-look Fifty Shades of Grey movie still

film
Arts and Entertainment
Sue Perkins and Mel Giedroyc, centre, are up for Best Female TV Comic for their presenting quips on The Great British Bake Off

TV
Arts and Entertainment
Martin Freeman as Lester Nygaard in the TV adaptation of 'Fargo'

TV
Arts and Entertainment
A scene from Shakespeare in Love at the Noel Coward Theatre
theatreReview: Shakespeare in Love has moments of sheer stage poetry mixed with effervescent fun
PROMOTED VIDEO
Have you tried new the Independent Digital Edition apps?
Arts and Entertainment
<p><strong>2008</strong></p>
<p>Troubled actor Robert Downey Jr cements his comeback from drug problems by bagging the lead role in Iron Man. Two further films follow</p>

film
Arts and Entertainment

theatre
Arts and Entertainment
Tycoons' text: Warren Buffett and Bill Gates both cite John Brookes' 'Business Adventures' as their favourite book

books
Arts and Entertainment
Panic! In The Disco's Brendon Urie performs on stage

music
Arts and Entertainment

film
Arts and Entertainment
Keira Knightley and Benedict Cumberbatch star in the Alan Turing biopic The Imitation Game

film
Arts and Entertainment

TV
Arts and Entertainment
Radio 4's Today programme host Evan Davis has been announced as the new face of Newsnight

TV
Arts and Entertainment
Pharrell Williams performing on the Main Stage at the Wireless Festival in Finsbury Park, north London

music
Arts and Entertainment
Carrie Mathison returns to the field in the fourth season of Showtime's Homeland

TV
Arts and Entertainment
Crowds soak up the atmosphere at Latitude Festival

music
Arts and Entertainment
Meyne Wyatt and Caren Pistorus arrive for the AACTA Aawrds in Sydney, Australia

TV
Arts and Entertainment
Rick Astley's original music video for 'Never Gonna Give You Up' has been removed from YouTube

music
Arts and Entertainment
Quentin Blake's 'Artists on the beach'

Artists unveils new exhibition inspired by Hastings beach

art
Arts and Entertainment
MusicFans were left disappointed after technical issues
Arts and Entertainment
'Girl with a Pearl Earring' by Johannes Vermeer, c. 1665
artWhat is it about the period that so enthrals novelists?
Arts and Entertainment
Into the woods: The Merry Wives of Windsor at Petersfield
theatreOpen-air productions are the cue for better box-office receipts, new audiences, more interesting artistic challenges – and a picnic
Arts and Entertainment
James singer Tim Booth
latitude 2014
Arts and Entertainment
Lee says: 'I never, ever set out to offend, but it can be an accidental by-product'
comedy
Arts and Entertainment
tvThe judges were wowed by the actress' individual cooking style
Independent
Travel Shop
the manor
Up to 70% off luxury travel
on city breaks Find out more
santorini
Up to 70% off luxury travel
on chic beach resorts Find out more
sardina foodie
Up to 70% off luxury travel
on country retreats Find out more
Latest stories from i100
Have you tried new the Independent Digital Edition apps?

ES Rentals

    Independent Dating
    and  

    By clicking 'Search' you
    are agreeing to our
    Terms of Use.

    Screwing your way to the top? Good for Lana Del Rey for helping kill that myth

    Screwing your way to the top?

    Good for Lana Del Rey for helping kill that myth, says Grace Dent
    Will the young Britons fighting in Syria be allowed to return home and resume their lives?

    Will Britons fighting in Syria be able to resume their lives?

    Tony Blair's Terrorism Act 2006 has made it an offence to take part in military action abroad with a "political, ideological, religious or racial motive"
    Beyoncé poses as Rosie the Riveter, the wartime poster girl who became a feminist pin-up

    Beyoncé poses as Rosie the Riveter

    The wartime poster girl became the ultimate American symbol of female empowerment
    The quest to find the perfect pair of earphones: Are custom, 3D printed earbuds the solution?

    The quest to find the perfect pair of earphones

    Earphones don't fit properly, offer mediocre audio quality and can even be painful. So the quest to design the perfect pair is music to Seth Stevenson's ears
    US Army's shooting star: Lt-Col Steven Cole is the man Hollywood calls when it wants to borrow a tank or check a military uniform

    Meet the US Army's shooting star

    Lt-Col Steven Cole is the man Hollywood calls when it wants to borrow a tank or check a military uniform
    Climate change threatens to make the antarctic fur seal extinct

    Take a good look while you can

    How climate change could wipe out this seal
    Should emergency hospital weddings be made easier for the terminally ill?

    Farewell, my lovely

    Should emergency hospital weddings be made easier?
    Man Booker Prize 2014 longlist: Crowdfunded novel nominated for first time

    Crowdfunded novel nominated for Booker Prize

    Paul Kingsnorth's 'The Wake' is in contention for the prestigious award
    Vladimir Putin employs a full-time food taster to ensure his meals aren't poisoned

    Vladimir Putin employs a full-time food taster

    John Walsh salutes those brave souls who have, throughout history, put their knives on the line
    Tour de France effect brings Hollywood blockbusters to Yorkshire

    Tour de France effect brings Hollywood blockbusters to Yorkshire

    A $25m thriller starring Sam Worthington to be made in God's Own Country
    Will The Minerva Project - the first 'elite' American university to be launched in a century - change the face of higher learning?

    Will The Minerva Project change the face of higher learning?

    The university has no lecture halls, no debating societies, no sports teams and no fraternities. Instead, the 33 students who have made the cut at Minerva, will travel the world and change the face of higher learning
    The 10 best pedicure products

    Feet treat: 10 best pedicure products

    Bags packed and all prepped for holidays, but feet in a state? Get them flip-flop-ready with our pick of the items for a DIY treatment
    Commonwealth Games 2014: Great Scots! Planes and pipers welcome in Glasgow's Games

    Commonwealth Games 2014

    Great Scots! Planes and pipers welcome in Glasgow's Games
    Jack Pitt-Brooke: Manchester City and Patrick Vieira make the right stand on racism

    Jack Pitt-Brooke

    Manchester City and Patrick Vieira make the right stand on racism
    How Terry Newton tragedy made iron men seek help to tackle their psychological demons

    How Newton tragedy made iron men seek help to tackle their psychological demons

    Over a hundred rugby league players have contacted clinic to deal with mental challenges of game