Middle-aged people who do not work in management positions are more likely to develop heart disease or experience strokes, according to a US study.
Research by the US Government’s Center for Disease Control and Prevention found that men and women aged 45-years-old or above who had jobs in sales, offices or in the service industries were more at risk than those in managerial or professional roles.
The study involved 5,566 men and women aged over 45-year-olds, who were ranked according to their BMI, level of physical activity, diet, blood pressure, cholesterol, blood sugar levels, and whether they smoked.
The 7-point list compiled by the American Heart Association is called the Life’s Simple 7, and reflects the modifiable risk factors of cardiovascular disease and stroke.
Workers were highly scored if their blood pressure was lower than 120/80mm Hg; their total cholesterol below 200mg/dL; and or their blood glucose was lower than 100mg/dL while fasting or 140 without, CBS News reported.
The results showed that those who worked in management or in professional jobs were overall less likely to experience heart disease or strokes, as they had better blood pressure, BMIs and were more likely to exercise and not smoke.
It also showed that over a fifth of transportation workers smoked – the highest in all of the groups. And two out of three people who worked in office, administrative support and sales roles had poor eating habits, rising to 72 per cent in business and finance workers. Some 60 per cent of the sales workers also had high cholesterol, Mail Online reported, while 82 per cent of office and administrative support workers did not exercise regularly.
Interestingly, those who work in food industry were found to eat the worst, with 79 per cent having a poor diet.
The worst jobs for your health
The worst jobs for your health
1/10 10. Surgical and medical assistants, technologists, and technicians
Overall unhealthiness score: 57.3 What they do: Assist in operations, under the supervision of surgeons, registered nurses, or other surgical personnel and perform medical laboratory tests. Top three health risks: 1. Exposure to disease and infections: 88 2. Exposure to contaminants: 80 3. Exposure to hazardous conditions: 69
2/10 9. Stationary engineers and boiler operators
Overall unhealthiness score: 57.7 What they do: Operate or maintain stationary engines, boilers, or other mechanical equipment to provide utilities for buildings or industrial processes. Top three health risks: 1. Exposure to contaminants: 99 2. Exposure to hazardous conditions: 89 3. Exposure to minor burns, cuts, bites, or stings: 84
3/10 8. Water and wastewater treatment plant and system operators
Overall unhealthiness score: 58.2 What they do: Operate or control an entire process or system of machines, often through the use of control boards, to transfer or treat water or wastewater. Top three health risks: 1. Exposure to contaminants: 97 2. Exposure to hazardous conditions: 80 3. Exposure to minor burns, cuts, bites, or stings: 74
4/10 7. Histotechnologists and histologic technicians
Overall unhealthiness score: 59.0 What they do: Prepare histologic slides from tissue sections for microscopic examination and diagnosis by pathologists. Top three health risks: 1. Exposure to hazardous conditions: 88 2. Exposure to contaminants: 76 3. Exposure to disease and infections: 75
5/10 6. Immigration and customs inspectors
Overall unhealthiness score: 59.3 What they do: Investigate and inspect people, common carriers, goods, and merchandise, arriving in or departing from the US or between states to detect violations of immigration and customs laws and regulations. Top three health risks: 1. Exposure to contaminants: 78 2. Exposure to disease and infections: 63 3. Exposure to radiation: 62
6/10 5. Podiatrists
Overall unhealthiness score: 60.2 What they do: Diagnose and treat diseases and deformities of the human foot. Top three health risks: 1. Exposure to disease and infections: 87 2. Exposure to radiation: 69 3. Exposure to contaminants: 67
7/10 4. Veterinarians, veterinary assistants, and laboratory animal caretakers and veterinary technologists and technicians
What they do: Diagnose, treat, or research diseases and injuries of animals and perform medical tests in a laboratory environment for use in the treatment and diagnosis of diseases in animals. Top three health risks: 1. Exposure to disease and infections: 81 2. Exposure to minor burns, cuts, bites, or stings: 75 3. Exposure to contaminants: 74
8/10 3. Anesthesiologists, nurse anesthetists, and anesthesiologist assistants
Overall unhealthiness score: 62.3 What they do: Administer anesthetics or sedatives during medical procedures, and help patients in recovering from anesthesia. Top three health risks: 1. Exposure to disease and infections: 94 2. Exposure to contaminants: 80 3. Exposure to radiation: 74
9/10 2. Flight attendants
What they do: Provide personal services to ensure the safety, security, and comfort of airline passengers during flight. Greet passengers, verify tickets, explain use of safety equipment, and serve food or beverages. Top three health risks: 1. Exposure to contaminants: 88 2. Exposure to disease and infections: 77 3. Exposure to minor burns, cuts, bites, or stings: 69
10/10 1. Dentists, dental surgeons, and dental assistants
Overall unhealthiness score: 65.4 What they do: Examine, diagnose, and treat diseases, injuries, and malformations of teeth and gums. May treat diseases of nerve, pulp, and other dental tissues affecting oral hygiene and retention of teeth. May fit dental appliances or provide preventive care. Top three health risks: 1. Exposure to contaminants: 84 2. Exposure to disease and infections: 75 3. Time spent sitting: 67
Captain Leslie MacDonald, the leader researcher and senior scientists at the US Public Health Service at the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health presented the findings at the American Heart Association's Epidemiology/Lifestyle 2016 meeting, in Phoenix, Arizona, this week.
She said that it was difficult to achieve ideal scores for all seven factors, largely because of an inability to maintain the best diet.
She added that those who want to improve their health should eat at least 4.5 cups of fruit and vegetables a day; 3.5 ounces of fish twice a week; less than 1,500mg of sodium a day; 450 or fewer calories a week in sugary foods; and at least three servings of whole grains a day.