Alfredo di Stefano: Footballer hailed as one of the greatest in the history of the game

There was little debate about who was the best footballer on the planet in the mid-1950s. At least until Pele exploded on to the world stage with Brazil in 1958, everybody knew it was Alfredo di Stefano. The stocky, balding Argentine was the fulcrum of the incomparable Real Madrid side which won the European Cup in the first five seasons of the competition's existence, between 1956 and 1960, and he was a prodigious goalscorer, netting around 800 times during a sumptuous 22-year career encompassing five clubs and three countries.

Shevardnadze in 1998; he had just survived one of many attempts on his life

Eduard Shevardnadze: Politician who helped end the Cold War and dismantle the Soviet Union then served as president of troubled Georgia

It had long been accepted by observers of the Soviet scene that nothing would change fundamentally in domestic or foreign policy as long as the geriatric Khrushchev and Brezhnev generation survived in the leadership. The emergence of the Mikhail Gorbachev as General Secretary in March 1985 was interpreted as heralding a decisive break with the past.

Metropolitan Volodymyr: Head of the Orthodox Church in Ukraine, who fought divisions and worked for autonomy from Moscow

The late religious leader had recently reflected pro-Russian opinions in Ukraine

Admiral Sir Hugo White: Commander who fought off Exocet attacks during the Falklands War and was later Governor of Gibraltar

The naval officer wanted to join the Navy from the age of nine after a school trip to a frigate

Errie Ball: Golfer who coached the Duke of Windsor and who became the last surviving player to take part in the first US Masters

Born in Wales, Samuel Henry Ball, always known as Errie, was the last surviving participant in the first-US Masters golf tournament in Augusta, Georgia, in 1934. The American media described him as “the last Master standing.” A prodigy from one of Britain’s most famous golfing families of the era, he had played in the Open Championship as a teenager. That brought him to the attention of one of the Open’s greats, the legendary American amateur Bobby Jones.

Louis Zamperini wins a collegiate mile race in Seattle in 1939; the year before he had run what was then the fifth fastest mile in history

Louis Zamperini: Olympic athlete who went to war and spent 47 days on a life raft then two years in a Japanese prison camp

“Rarely has a single man had to endure such an extraordinary array of woes.” So wrote Gary Krist in a review of Unbroken, an account of Louis Zamperini’s extraordinary life. An Olympic runner, he survived 47 days on a raft in the Pacific and two years as a Japanese prisoner during the Second World War. Zamperini wrote about his wartime ordeal in two memoirs, but it wasn’t until 2010, when Laura Hillenbrand’s Unbroken was published that Zamperini’s harrowing story captured the public’s imagination. A film about his life, directed by Angelina Jolie, is due for release at the end of the year.

Rabbi Zalman Schachter-Shalomi: he was influenced by Sufism, Buddhism and the Catholic mystic Thomas
Merton

Rabbi Zalman Schachter-Shalomi: Influential rabbi who helped found the Jewish Renewal Movement and was unafraid to re-evaluate Judaism

Rabbi Zalman Schachter-Shalomi was a founder of the Jewish Renewal movement and an influential figure in contemporary Jewish thought and practice. He started the renewal movement in the early 1960s as a way to use contemporary religious and political scholarship to re-examine Judaism after the Holocaust. The non-denominational movement draws on Judaism’s prophetic and mystical traditions, and Schachter-Shalomi was heavily influenced by Buddhism, Sufism and the Catholic mystic Thomas Merton.

Wayne Henderson: Trombonist, composer and producer who co-founded the Jazz Crusaders, pioneers of the jazz fusion movement

The trombonist, composer and co-founder of the Jazz Crusaders, Wayne Henderson lived up to his “Big Daddy” nickname through five and a half decades in music. Not only could his sound be as big and distinctive as his physique, but he exuded a warmth that drew many contemporaries and younger musicians into his orbit and spurred them on to greater things.

Josephine Pullein-Thompson: Horsewoman whose jolly pony books brought pleasure to generations of girls and who later served English PEN

The oldest of three sisters who all wrote best-selling pony books for children, Josephine Pullein-Thompson, like the rest of her family, drew her stories from an unorthodox but very active childhood and youth. Dying aged 90, she leaves behind her sister Diana, whose twin Christine died in 2005. All her novels were set in a world of traditional countryside practices and pursuits common enough when she was young but remote today.

A Popp album cover: ‘Popp Musique’ contains many of the songs that took his work beyond the easy listening category

André Popp: Songwriter and innovative composer best known for the 1960s easy listening classic 'Love Is Blue'

Held in high esteem by lovers of light orchestral music, Eurovision connoisseurs and the space age pop aficionados who revived the easy listening genre in the mid-1990s, the fabulously named and fantastically talented French composer, conductor, arranger and orchestrator André Popp wrote some of the most enduring melodies of the 1960s.

Stephanie Kwolek: she encountered initial resistance at DuPont to her work, because the polymer she created was so unusual

Stephanie Kwolek: Chemist whose invention in the 1960s of the ultra-strong Kevlar polymer fibre has saved hundreds of lives

Stephanie Kwolek was a chemist who developed the ultra-strong Kevlar fibre used in bullet-resistant equipment, which has saved hundreds of lives. She described her innovation as "a case of serendipity." In the mid-1960s, halfway through her career as a chemist at DuPont, she was asked to develop a synthetic material that might offer a lighter, more fuel-efficient alternative to metal reinforcements in car tyres. She stumbled on a surprising compound, a liquid crystalline solution that could be transformed into astoundingly strong fibres. Of them, the best known became Kevlar.

Mazursky in 1978, the year he made the wryly observed ‘An Unmarried Woman’, starring Jill Clayburgh

Paul Mazursky: Director and screenwriter whose work explored sex, marriage and the social mores of the Seventies

Paul Mazursky was an Oscar-nominated screenwriter and director whose films such as Bob & Carol & Ted & Alice, An Unmarried Woman and Enemies: a Love Story explored sex, marriage and social mores as sharply drawn comedies of errors.

Shalom speaking in the film ‘The Gatekeepers’; ‘He was a dove,’ said its director, Dror Moreh

Avraham Shalom: Shin Bet director caught up in the 'Bus 300' affair who later worked towards peace with the Palestinians

Avraham Shalom was a Director of Israel's Shin Bet security service who led the agency through some of its greatest achievements before resigning in disgrace.

The Nigerian Boeing 707 from which Dikko, below, was rescued

Umaru Dikko: Politician who was kidnapped by agents of the Nigerian government then discovered in a crate at Stansted Airport

The wealthy exiled Nigerian politician Umaru Dikko became a household name in Britain in the summer of 1984 when men said to be from the Israeli secret service Mossad and the Nigerian government of the day conspired to kidnap him in a large wooden crate.

Arts and Entertainment
Sydney and Melbourne are locked in a row over giant milk crates
art
News
Kenny Ireland, pictured in 2010.
peopleActor, from House of Cards and Benidorm, was 68
News
A scene from the video shows students mock rioting
newsEnd-of-year leaver's YouTube film features staging of a playground gun massacre
Travel
travel
Voices
A family sit and enjoy a quiet train journey
voicesForcing us to overhear dull phone conversations is an offensive act, says Simon Kelner
News
i100This Instagram photo does not prove Russian army is in Ukraine
News
Morrissey pictured in 2013
people
Sport
sportVan Gaal has £500,000 video surveillance system installed to monitor Manchester United players
Environment
View from the Llanberis Track to the mountain lake Llyn
Du’r Arddu
environmentA large chunk of Mount Snowdon, in north Wales, is up for sale
Life and Style
Martha Stewart wrote an opinion column for Time magazine this week titled “Why I Love My Drone”
lifeLifestyle guru Martha Stewart reveals she has flying robot... to take photos of her farm
Arts and Entertainment
The Secret Cinema performance of Back to the Future has been cancelled again
filmReview: Sometimes the immersive experience was so good it blurred the line between fiction and reality
News
i100
Life and Style
The director of Wall-E Andrew Stanton with Angus MacLane's Lego model
gadgetsDesign made in Pixar animator’s spare time could get retail release
News
peopleGuitarist, who played with Aerosmith, Lou Reed and Alice Cooper among others, was 71
Environment
Tyred out: should fair weather cyclists have a separate slow lane?
environmentFormer Labour minister demands 'pootling lanes' for women cyclists
News
people
News
i100  ... he was into holy war way before it was on trend
News
Field of broken dreams: Andy Bell visits Passchendaele
news5 News's Andy Bell visited the killing fields of the Great War, and his ancestor - known only from his compelling war diary - came to life
Arts and Entertainment
Crowd control: institutions like New York’s Metropolitan Museum of Art are packed
artHow are institutions tackling the discomfort of overcrowding this summer?
Travel
travel
Arts and Entertainment
High-flyer: Chris Pratt in 'Guardians of the Galaxy'
film
News
people
i Newspaper
 
TheIPaper
The Independent around the web
Have you tried new the Independent Digital Edition apps?
Independent Dating
and  

By clicking 'Search' you
are agreeing to our
Terms of Use.

iJobs Job Widget
iJobs General

VB.Net Developer - £40k - Surrey - WANTED ASAP

£35000 - £40000 per annum + competitive: Progressive Recruitment: .Mid Level V...

Digitakl Business Analyst, Slough

£40000 - £45000 per annum + Competitive Benefits: Progressive Recruitment: Dig...

Mechanical Estimator: Nuclear Energy - Sellafield

£40000 - £50000 per annum + Car, Medical, Fuel + More!: Progressive Recruitmen...

Dynamics NAV Techno-Functional Consultant

£50000 - £60000 per annum + benefits: Progressive Recruitment: An absolutely o...

Day In a Page

Independent Dating
and  

By clicking 'Search' you
are agreeing to our
Terms of Use.

iJobs Job Widget
iJobs General

VB.Net Developer - £40k - Surrey - WANTED ASAP

£35000 - £40000 per annum + competitive: Progressive Recruitment: .Mid Level V...

Digitakl Business Analyst, Slough

£40000 - £45000 per annum + Competitive Benefits: Progressive Recruitment: Dig...

Mechanical Estimator: Nuclear Energy - Sellafield

£40000 - £50000 per annum + Car, Medical, Fuel + More!: Progressive Recruitmen...

Dynamics NAV Techno-Functional Consultant

£50000 - £60000 per annum + benefits: Progressive Recruitment: An absolutely o...

Day In a Page

Burgundy, the River Rhone & Provence – MS Swiss Corona - seven nights from £999pp
Lake Maggiore, Orta and the Matterhorn – seven nights from £899pp
Sicily – seven nights from £939pp
Pompeii, Capri and the Bay of Naples - seven nights from £799pp
Istanbul Ephesus & Troy – six nights from £859pp
Mary Rose – two nights from £319pp
Dress the Gaza situation up all you like, but the truth hurts

Robert Fisk on Gaza conflict

Dress the situation up all you like, but the truth hurts
Save the tiger: Tiger, tiger burning less brightly as numbers plummet

Tiger, tiger burning less brightly

When William Blake wrote his famous poem there were probably more than 100,000 tigers in the wild. These days they probably number around 3,200
5 News's Andy Bell retraces his grandfather's steps on the First World War battlefields

In grandfather's footsteps

5 News's political editor Andy Bell only knows his grandfather from the compelling diary he kept during WWI. But when he returned to the killing fields where Edwin Vaughan suffered so much, his ancestor came to life
Lifestyle guru Martha Stewart reveals she has flying robot ... to take photos of her farm

Martha Stewart has flying robot

The lifestyle guru used the drone to get a bird's eye view her 153-acre farm in Bedford, New York
Former Labour minister Meg Hillier has demanded 'pootling lanes' for women cyclists

Do women cyclists need 'pootling lanes'?

Simon Usborne (who's more of a hurtler) explains why winning the space race is key to happy riding
A tale of two presidents: George W Bush downs his paintbrush to pen father’s life story

A tale of two presidents

George W Bush downs his paintbrush to pen father’s life story
Restaurateur Mitch Tonks has given the Great Western Pullman dining car a makeover

The dining car makes a comeback

Restaurateur Mitch Tonks has given the Great Western Pullman dining car a makeover
Gallery rage: How are institutions tackling the discomfort of overcrowding this summer?

Gallery rage

How are institutions tackling the discomfort of overcrowding this summer?
Louis van Gaal has £500,000 video surveillance system installed to monitor Manchester United players

Eye on the prize

Louis van Gaal has £500,000 video surveillance system installed to monitor Manchester United players
Women's rugby: Tamara Taylor adds fuel to the ire in quest to land World Cup

Women's rugby

Tamara Taylor adds fuel to the ire in quest to land World Cup
Save the tiger: The day America’s love of backyard tigers led to a horrific bloodbath

The day America’s love of backyard tigers led to a horrific bloodbath

With only six per cent of the US population of these amazing big cats held in zoos, the Zanesville incident in 2011 was inevitable
Samuel Beckett's biographer reveals secrets of the writer's time as a French Resistance spy

How Samuel Beckett became a French Resistance spy

As this year's Samuel Beckett festival opens in Enniskillen, James Knowlson, recalls how the Irish writer risked his life for liberty and narrowly escaped capture by the Gestapo
We will remember them: relatives still honour those who fought in the Great War

We will remember them

Relatives still honour those who fought in the Great War
Star Wars Episode VII is being shot on film - and now Kodak is launching a last-ditch bid to keep celluloid alive

Kodak's last-ditch bid to keep celluloid alive

Director J J Abrams and a few digital refuseniks shoot movies on film. Simon Usborne wonders what the fuss is about
Once stilted and melodramatic, Hollywood is giving acting in video games a makeover

Acting in video games gets a makeover

David Crookes meets two of the genre's most popular voices