Mini-pigs, those celebrity pets par excellence, are being lined up as Europe's preferred laboratory animals. The miniature porkers, which can cost more than £1,000 for a piglet, have captured the hearts of various notables, from George Clooney and David Beckham to Paris Hilton and Megan Fox. Now they could be about to replace monkeys, mice, rats and dogs in the testing of new drugs and chemicals.
A five-year study sponsored by the European Union has concluded that miniature pigs are better models for testing the effects of new drugs on humans than other creatures, because of their "close physiological and anatomical similarities to man".
Developed from species such as the Vietnamese pot-bellied pig, mini-pigs first appeared in the West in the 1960s and were initially bred for medical research. But since the 1980s they have become increasingly popular as pets, thanks to their smallness: they weigh about 150lbs, whereas an adult farmyard pig may be six times heavier.
"The pig closely resembles man in many features of its anatomy, physiology, biochemistry and lifestyle," according to the EU report. "In particular, the cardiovascular system, skin and digestive tract are considered to be very good models for man. Because of these similarities, the toxic effects of chemicals and drugs in pigs may resemble the effects on man more closely than [their effects on] some other commonly used laboratory animals."
Animal welfare campaigners are, not surprisingly, unhappy. "Replacing one animal species with another [is not] a step forward with regard to animal testing," said Sarah Kite of the British Union for the Abolition of Vivisection.Reuse content