So long, Osama Bin Laden: new entry at No 1 for America's most-wanted list

view gallery VIEW GALLERY

The terrorist mastermind of 9/11 is replaced by a fugitive teacher on the FBI's list of public enemies

Washington

Eric Toth, aka David Bussone, a fugitive child pornographer, may not have the slaughter of 3,000 people on his criminal CV. But he has just been accorded a singular accolade by US law enforcement authorities as the replacement for Osama bin Laden on the Federal Bureau of Investigation's 10 Most Wanted List.

Click here to see the FBI's ten most-wanted

Days after the head of al-Qa'ida and the organiser of the 9/11 attacks was hunted down and killed in Pakistan last May, the FBI asked its field offices across the country for suggestions for someone to take his place. The choice has now been made. And it's not another terrorist or suspected serial killer, but a former private school teacher in Washington who has been on the run since being arrested in 2008 after pornographic images of young children were found on his camera. The last confirmed trace of Mr Roth was his car, found abandoned at Minneapolis airport.

The agency is now offering a reward of $100,000 for information leading to his arrest, a fraction of the $25m (£16m) bounty on bin Laden's head. "There's no comparison to be made between Toth and bin Laden," FBI Supervisory Special Agent Jacqueline Maguire said. "Although Eric Toth has not murdered anyone and he's not an international terrorist, that does not mean he isn't dangerous."

His selection is also a sign of America's changing criminal times. Of the 10 names on the list, six are accused of murder. But, increasingly, the FBI's attention is turning to internet crime.

Mr Toth is believed to have been in at least half a dozen US states since taking flight. "He may be anywhere in the country," another FBI official added. "He could be in a homeless shelter." The Most Wanted list, which took its present form in 1950, is part of American crimefighting lore. Its direct ancestor is the register of "public enemies" issued by the FBI's first Director, J Edgar Hoover, in his war on Depression-era gangsters. But the format can be traced back to the posters of outlaws from the Old West. Indeed, days after 9/11, the then President, George W Bush, was declaring that he wanted Osama "dead or alive".

The device is more than a publicity gimmick. It works. Since 1950, 495 people have featured on the list and 465 have been captured – the most recent being the fugitive Boston gangster, James "Whitey" Bulger, who was arrested in Los Angeles last June.

Bin Laden may have been found as a result of intelligence work and electronic intercepts in a foreign country, but 153 of those named have been caught following a tip-off from the public.

Some things, though, have changed over the years. FBI wanted posters used to be displayed in post offices and other public places. In this electronic age, television and the social networks are the most fruitful means of dissemination. However, many of the principles underlying the list are the same.

America was, and is, a huge place where news is mostly local, and in which it is relatively easy to disappear or assume a new identity. The national exposure of fugitives, complete with several pictures, can jog memories, particularly if he or she has distinguishing features. In Mr Toth's case, these are a lanky frame and a mole under his left eye.

"He's the type of person that, I hope, with a little help from being on the Top 10 list, will lead to individuals calling in, saying 'that guy works in a day care centre, or is a teaching assistant, or works down the street'," an FBI spokesman, Kevin Perkins, said.

Murderers, gang leaders and fraudsters: The FBI's top ten

1. Eric Justin Toth

Topping the FBI's list of most-wanted criminals is a 30-year-old former private school teacher, who despite his all-American appearance is wanted for allegedly possessing and producing child pornography.

2. Jason Derek Brown

Painted by the FBI as an attention-seeker with an appetite for the high life, Brown is wanted for the 2004 robbery and murder of an armoured car guard in Arizona. An International Business graduate, Brown – whose hobbies include golf and skiing – is said to flaunt his ill-gotten wealth in nightclubs.

3. Joe Luis Saenz

This alleged member of a Mexican drug cartel is a suspect in four killings stretching back to 1998, including two gang-related shootings and the kidnap, rape and murder of his girlfriend.

4. Glen Stewart Godwin

Using aliases including Miguel Carrera and Dennis McWilliams, this Miami-born 53-year-old has been on the run since 1991, when he escaped from a Mexican prison after allegedly murdering a fellow inmate. It was his second jail break, after escaping California's infamous Folsom Prison in 1987, where he was serving time for murder. He is now believed to be in the drugs trade.

5. Robert William Fisher

He tried to paint a picture of the perfect family man, but this one-time firefighter and avid hunter apparently snapped one day in 2001, allegedly shooting his wife and slitting the throats of his two young children before blowing up their Arizona home. The FBI has named Fisher as the only suspect.

6. Semion Mogilevich

This Ukrainian businessman is accused of defrauding thousands of people in a multi-million-dollar investment swindle. He was indicted in 2003, and is believed to live in Moscow on his Russian passport.

7. Eduardo Ravelo

In a bid to evade capture, this alleged hitman for a Mexican crime syndicate is said to have had plastic surgery and altered his fingerprints. Ravelo, also known as "2x4", is wanted on racketeering and drug possession charges.

8. Alexis Flores

In 2000, a five-year-old girl was found strangled in a Philadelphia flat. This Honduras-born handyman is wanted in connection with the killing.

9. Victor Manuel Gerena

Gerena, 53, has been on the run since 1983, when he allegedly took part in the armed robbery of a Connecticut security company. Two security guards were held hostage in a $7m raid. Gerena has been on the most-wanted list since 1984.

10. James J Bulger

"Whitey'"Bulger remains on the FBI's list, but with the word "Captured" emblazoned over his mugshot. An infamous Boston mob boss wanted for murders in the 1970s and 1980s, he was tracked down to Los Angeles and arrested with much fanfare last year.

Start your day with The Independent, sign up for daily news emails
Have you tried new the Independent Digital Edition apps?
ebooks
ebooksAn introduction to the ground rules of British democracy
Latest stories from i100
Have you tried new the Independent Digital Edition apps?
SPONSORED FEATURES
Independent Dating
and  

By clicking 'Search' you
are agreeing to our
Terms of Use.

iJobs Job Widget
iJobs General

SThree: Trainee Recruitment Consultant

£18000 - £23000 per annum + Uncapped OTE: SThree: Trainee Recruitment Consulta...

SThree: Trainee Recruitment Consultant

£18000 - £23000 per annum + Uncapped OTE: SThree: Trainee Recruitment Consulta...

Recruitment Genius: Production Operative

£13000 - £17000 per annum: Recruitment Genius: Due to a period of sustained an...

Recruitment Genius: Digital Marketing Content Leader

£22000 - £25000 per annum: Recruitment Genius: This role requires a high level...

Day In a Page

Isis profits from destruction of antiquities by selling relics to dealers - and then blowing up the buildings they come from to conceal the evidence of looting

How Isis profits from destruction of antiquities

Robert Fisk on the terrorist group's manipulation of the market to increase the price of artefacts
Labour leadership: Andy Burnham urges Jeremy Corbyn voters to think again in last-minute plea

'If we lose touch we’ll end up with two decades of the Tories'

In an exclusive interview, Andy Burnham urges Jeremy Corbyn voters to think again in last-minute plea
Tunisia fears its Arab Spring could be reversed as the new regime becomes as intolerant of dissent as its predecessor

The Arab Spring reversed

Tunisian protesters fear that a new law will whitewash corrupt businessmen and officials, but they are finding that the new regime is becoming as intolerant of dissent as its predecessor
King Arthur: Legendary figure was real and lived most of his life in Strathclyde, academic claims

Academic claims King Arthur was real - and reveals where he lived

Dr Andrew Breeze says the legendary figure did exist – but was a general, not a king
Who is Oliver Bonas and how has he captured middle-class hearts?

Who is Oliver Bonas?

It's the first high-street store to pay its staff the living wage, and it saw out the recession in style
Earth has 'lost more than half its trees' since humans first started cutting them down

Axe-wielding Man fells half the world’s trees – leaving us just 422 each

However, the number of trees may be eight times higher than previously thought
60 years of Scalextric: Model cars are now stuffed with as much tech as real ones

60 years of Scalextric

Model cars are now stuffed with as much tech as real ones
Theme parks continue to draw in thrill-seekers despite the risks - so why are we so addicted?

Why are we addicted to theme parks?

Now that Banksy has unveiled his own dystopian version, Christopher Beanland considers the ups and downs of our endless quest for amusement
Tourism in Iran: The country will soon be opening up again after years of isolation

Iran is opening up again to tourists

After years of isolation, Iran is reopening its embassies abroad. Soon, there'll be the chance for the adventurous to holiday there
10 best PS4 games

10 best PS4 games

Can’t wait for the new round of blockbusters due out this autumn? We played through last year’s offering
Transfer window: Ten things we learnt

Ten things we learnt from the transfer window

Record-breaking spending shows FFP restraint no longer applies
Migrant crisis: UN official Philippe Douste-Blazy reveals the harrowing sights he encountered among refugees arriving on Lampedusa

‘Can we really just turn away?’

Dead bodies, men drowning, women miscarrying – a senior UN figure on the horrors he has witnessed among migrants arriving on Lampedusa, and urges politicians not to underestimate our caring nature
Nine of Syria and Iraq's 10 world heritage sites are in danger as Isis ravages centuries of history

Nine of Syria and Iraq's 10 world heritage sites are in danger...

... and not just because of Isis vandalism
Girl on a Plane: An exclusive extract of the novelisation inspired by the 1970 Palestinian fighters hijack

Girl on a Plane

An exclusive extract of the novelisation inspired by the 1970 Palestinian fighters hijack
Why Frederick Forsyth's spying days could spell disaster for today's journalists

Why Frederick Forsyth's spying days could spell disaster for today's journalists

The author of 'The Day of the Jackal' has revealed he spied for MI6 while a foreign correspondent