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A demonstrator, protesting the shooting death of teenager Michael Brown, stands his ground as police fire tear gas in Ferguson

Ferguson decision: What is tear gas and what does it do to your body?

Tear gas was recently used to disperse crowds in Ferguson, Missouri

George Hackney, pictured in Poulainville, Picardy, Northern France

Previously unseen WW1 moments revealed in photographs by soldier George Hackney

Experts believe hundreds more photos by Hackney could yet emerge

German Chancellor Angela Merkel speaks during the central commemorative event at the Berlin Wall Memorial Bernauer Strasse on 9 November 2014

Fall of the Berlin Wall: Angela Merkel hails historic moment 25 years ago as proof to the world that ‘dreams can come true’

German Chancellor speaks at memorial site in Berlin to mark anniversary

A reversed version of the first photograph ever to include a human being - and how the street in Paris looks today

This is the first ever photograph of a human – and how the scene it was taken in looks today

Unknown man who stopped to have his shoes shined would have had no idea he was making history

Adolf Hitler's personal copy of Mein Kampf falls £40,000 short of estimate at auction

The Fuhrer's book was expected to fetch £62,000, but was sold for just £18,800

Fall of the Berlin Wall, from the archive: The day the Iron Curtain broke open

Eventually, East Germany accepted the inevitable. Patricia Clough reported the news

Mikhail Gorbachev (left), and Erich Honecker in 1986

Fall of the Berlin Wall: It was thanks to Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev that this symbol of division fell

He believed liberalism was consistent with Communism, but he was wrong. The forces of democracy he unleashed toppled the Wall, and it is because of him this occurred without bloodshed

Berliners from East and West celebrate at the Brandenburg Gate

Fall of the Berlin Wall, from the archive: ‘Hammers chip away as the oranges are brought home...’

A dispatch from Terry Coleman vividly captured the euphoria of reunited Berliners

Footage of Erich Honecker delivering a speech is shown on a television in a faithfully-reconstructed typical East German home

Fall of the Berlin Wall: History catches up with Erich Honecker - the East German leader who praised the Iron Curtain and claimed it prevented a Third World War

Tony Paterson reflects on the man whose career was synonymous with physical separation from the West

Fall of the Berlin Wall eyewitness: ‘We took a picnic to the people from the East. It felt like a time to share...’

What happened was such a surprise. Nobody was really expecting the Wall to collapse when it did, but that night there was such a party atmosphere in Berlin. We couldn’t believe what was happening, there was such excitement.

East German refugees outside the West German embassy in Prague in October 1989 waiting to take a train for the West

Fall of the Berlin Wall: A people’s uprising that grew until it remade Europe

In a matter of months, a few local outbursts of protest set off a vast conflagration of people-power that overwhelmed the entire Soviet bloc. Steve Crawshaw remembers the exhilarating challenge of reporting the events for ‘The Independent’

Fall of the Berlin Wall, from the archive: ‘Suddenly the world has no edge any more’

The age of mined frontiers patrolled by helmeted men with guns and dogs is over, writes Neal Ascherson

East Berlin, just 2 days before the Berlin Wall came down

Fall of the Berlin Wall: Goodbye to all that - the lost world beyond the Iron Curtain

Germans who bemoan the failures of reunification might do better to remember how bad it actually was - and reflect on how far the country has come

The Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev, watched by his wife Raisa, right, kisses his East German counterpart Erich Honecker in East Berlin in October 1989

Fall of the Berlin Wall eyewitness: An accidental explosion of freedom

A journalist who witnessed the events of 1989 from a Soviet perspective looks back on a surreal period when attempts at moderate reform quickly an uncontrollable momentum of their own

East German drivers queue at the Schirnding border crossing into Czecho-slovakia five days before the fall of the Berlin

Fall of the Berlin Wall, from the archive: ‘Another crack in the Wall...’

Politicians said  no one could have foreseen the events of November 1989. This report by Steve Crawshaw proves them wrong

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Prices correct as of 17 April 2015
Not even the 'putrid throat' could stop the Ross Poldark swoon-fest'

Not even the 'putrid throat' could stop the Ross Poldark swoon-fest'

How a costume drama became a Sunday night staple
Miliband promises no stamp duty for first-time buyers as he pushes Tories on housing

Miliband promises no stamp duty for first-time buyers

Labour leader pushes Tories on housing
Aviation history is littered with grand failures - from the the Bristol Brabazon to Concorde - but what went wrong with the SuperJumbo?

Aviation history is littered with grand failures

But what went wrong with the SuperJumbo?
Fear of Putin, Islamists and immigration is giving rise to a new generation of Soviet-style 'iron curtains' right across Europe

Fortress Europe?

Fear of Putin, Islamists and immigration is giving rise to a new generation of 'iron curtains'
Never mind what you're wearing, it's what you're reclining on

Never mind what you're wearing

It's what you're reclining on that matters
General Election 2015: Chuka Umunna on the benefits of immigration, humility – and his leader Ed Miliband

Chuka Umunna: A virus of racism runs through Ukip

The shadow business secretary on the benefits of immigration, humility – and his leader Ed Miliband
Yemen crisis: This exotic war will soon become Europe's problem

Yemen's exotic war will soon affect Europe

Terrorism and boatloads of desperate migrants will be the outcome of the Saudi air campaign, says Patrick Cockburn
Marginal Streets project aims to document voters in the run-up to the General Election

Marginal Streets project documents voters

Independent photographers Joseph Fox and Orlando Gili are uploading two portraits of constituents to their website for each day of the campaign
Game of Thrones: Visit the real-life kingdom of Westeros to see where violent history ends and telly tourism begins

The real-life kingdom of Westeros

Is there something a little uncomfortable about Game of Thrones shooting in Northern Ireland?
How to survive a social-media mauling, by the tough women of Twitter

How to survive a Twitter mauling

Mary Beard, Caroline Criado-Perez, Louise Mensch, Bunny La Roche and Courtney Barrasford reveal how to trounce the trolls
Gallipoli centenary: At dawn, the young remember the young who perished in one of the First World War's bloodiest battles

At dawn, the young remember the young

A century ago, soldiers of the Empire – many no more than boys – spilt on to Gallipoli’s beaches. On this 100th Anzac Day, there are personal, poetic tributes to their sacrifice
Dissent is slowly building against the billions spent on presidential campaigns – even among politicians themselves

Follow the money as never before

Dissent is slowly building against the billions spent on presidential campaigns – even among politicians themselves, reports Rupert Cornwell
Samuel West interview: The actor and director on austerity, unionisation, and not mentioning his famous parents

Samuel West interview

The actor and director on austerity, unionisation, and not mentioning his famous parents
General Election 2015: Imagine if the leading political parties were fashion labels

Imagine if the leading political parties were fashion labels

Fashion editor, Alexander Fury, on what the leaders' appearances tell us about them
Phumzile Mlambo-Ngcuka: Home can be the unsafest place for women

Phumzile Mlambo-Ngcuka: Home can be the unsafest place for women

The architect of the HeForShe movement and head of UN Women on the world's failure to combat domestic violence