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East Berliners climb onto the Berlin Wall to celebrate the effective end of the city's partition on 31st December 1989

Fall of the Berlin Wall: Timeline of a year of wonder, when the unthinkable became the unstoppable

The fall of the Berlin Wall was merely the highlight of a year of extraordinary political drama. Here are some key moments, described largely through headlines on The Independent’s reports. (The dates refer to the events rather than the reports.)

Police from both sides stand idly by as the Berlin Wall is breached for the first time between East and West, at the Sandkrug Bridge crossing-point on Invaliden Strasse, in November 1989

Fall of the Berlin Wall: 25 years on, we remember the day the world fell apart

Twenty-five years ago next month, the man-made geographical feature that had defined post-war Europe vanished with dizzying abruptness. Introducing a week-long celebration of a still barely credible political earthquake, Boyd Tonkin reports from Berlin

Hitler was 'a regular user of crystal meth', American Military Intelligence dossier reveals

The Fuhrer was a famous hypochondriac and took over 74 different medications, including methamphetamines

Lest we forget: Frances tending a grave

Exeter College's rector is embarking on a journey to visit graves of Exonians killed in Great War

Together with the college's chaplain Rev Andrew Allen, Frances Carincross is spending 10 days visiting as many as possible of the "lost boys", leaving each a sprig of rosemary from the college gardens, tied in ribbon in the college colours of magenta and black

The beard token featured a picture of a large beard below the words 'The money has been taken', with 'The beard is a superfluous burden' on the flipside

Rhodri Marsden's Interesting Objects: Peter the Great's beard token

* It doesn't seem like 316 years ago this week, does it, since Peter the Great returned to Moscow from a trip to Western Europe with a burning desire to modernise the country of his birth. Widespread political, military and social reforms were to follow over the next few years, but Peter knew exactly where to start. Beards.

These images show the crowds outside Buckingham Palace and Berlin Cathedral in August 1914 as war was declared

First World War Centenary: Powerful images that capture the moment cheering Europe heralded the declaration of war

Photos make stark contrast with those from bloody battlefields in years that followed

People pass the Royal Courts of Justice next to Serbian soldiers marching in the Lord Mayor's show, London, in the last days of the First World War in November 1918

First World War Centenary: Powerful photographs bring wartime Britain to life

Composite images put moments from the conflict in the present day

Empire Day at the Hall, 1918

First World War centenary: When the Albert Hall went to war

A quarter of its staff enlisted to fight, but there was also important work to be done by the rest...

Inside the brothels that served the Western Front: How one First World War soldier found love in the arms of a French sweetheart

Theirs was an impossible relationship – the Welsh officer and his young French sweetheart. Yet when Lieutenant William Morgan's granddaughter discovered a biscuit tin of photographs from the Great War, it wasn’t the shots of their affair that shocked...

Lost portraits of the Somme: 100 images of Tommies posing before they went over the top. Now can you help to identify them?

A cache of a local photographer's portraits has come to light in a study of doomed youth
Field of broken dreams: Andy Bell visits Passchendaele

5 News's Andy Bell retraces his grandfather's steps on the First World War battlefields

Andy Bell only knows his grandfather from the compelling diary he kept during the war. But when he returned to the killing fields where Edwin Vaughan suffered so much, his ancestor came to life
The Commonwealth War Graves Commission cemeteries in France and Belgium dedicated to First World War casualties number 2,400 and visitor numbers have never been higher

We will remember them: relatives still honour those who fought in the Great War

Any direct connection with the conflict has gone but we’re not ready to consign it to history, says John Lichfield

Crowds in London celebrate the end of hostilities in 1918

A History of the First World War in 100 moments: After 1,560 days, at the eleventh hour, the guns fall silent – but for how long?

The conclusion of the ‘war to end all  wars’ was greeted with understandable jubilation. But, writes Boyd Tonkin, new storm clouds were already gathering

John Oborne went into the trenches in February 1918: 'We spent most of our time sat in a hole in the damp old earth'

The First World War in the words of the men who fought it: "Everything was mud and water and continuous shelling. Hell with the lid off"

Ten years ago, Max Arthur interviewed the last 21 British veterans of the Great War, the oldest of which was 109. Nearly all the men were talking about their experiences for the first time

The interior of the railway carriage in which the Armistice ending the First World War was signed

A History of the First World War in 100 Moments: Peace without magnanimity - the summit in a railway siding that ended the fighting

John Lichfield on the strange meeting in the forest of Compiègne that culminated in the signing of the Armistice

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Independent Travel
Pompeii, Capri & the Bay of Naples
Seven Cities of Italy
Burgundy, the River Rhone & Provence
Prague, Budapest and Vienna
Lake Garda
Minoan Crete and Santorini
Prices correct as of 17 April 2015
General Election 2015: Chuka Umunna on the benefits of immigration, humility – and his leader Ed Miliband

Chuka Umunna: A virus of racism runs through Ukip

The shadow business secretary on the benefits of immigration, humility – and his leader Ed Miliband
Yemen crisis: This exotic war will soon become Europe's problem

Yemen's exotic war will soon affect Europe

Terrorism and boatloads of desperate migrants will be the outcome of the Saudi air campaign, says Patrick Cockburn
Marginal Streets project aims to document voters in the run-up to the General Election

Marginal Streets project documents voters

Independent photographers Joseph Fox and Orlando Gili are uploading two portraits of constituents to their website for each day of the campaign
Game of Thrones: Visit the real-life kingdom of Westeros to see where violent history ends and telly tourism begins

The real-life kingdom of Westeros

Is there something a little uncomfortable about Game of Thrones shooting in Northern Ireland?
How to survive a social-media mauling, by the tough women of Twitter

How to survive a Twitter mauling

Mary Beard, Caroline Criado-Perez, Louise Mensch, Bunny La Roche and Courtney Barrasford reveal how to trounce the trolls
Gallipoli centenary: At dawn, the young remember the young who perished in one of the First World War's bloodiest battles

At dawn, the young remember the young

A century ago, soldiers of the Empire – many no more than boys – spilt on to Gallipoli’s beaches. On this 100th Anzac Day, there are personal, poetic tributes to their sacrifice
Dissent is slowly building against the billions spent on presidential campaigns – even among politicians themselves

Follow the money as never before

Dissent is slowly building against the billions spent on presidential campaigns – even among politicians themselves, reports Rupert Cornwell
Samuel West interview: The actor and director on austerity, unionisation, and not mentioning his famous parents

Samuel West interview

The actor and director on austerity, unionisation, and not mentioning his famous parents
General Election 2015: Imagine if the leading political parties were fashion labels

Imagine if the leading political parties were fashion labels

Fashion editor, Alexander Fury, on what the leaders' appearances tell us about them
Phumzile Mlambo-Ngcuka: Home can be the unsafest place for women

Phumzile Mlambo-Ngcuka: Home can be the unsafest place for women

The architect of the HeForShe movement and head of UN Women on the world's failure to combat domestic violence
Public relations as 'art'? Surely not

Confessions of a former PR man

The 'art' of public relations is being celebrated by the V&A museum, triggering some happy memories for DJ Taylor
Bill Granger recipes: Our chef succumbs to his sugar cravings with super-luxurious sweet treats

Bill Granger's luxurious sweet treats

Our chef loves to stop for 30 minutes to catch up on the day's gossip, while nibbling on something sweet
London Marathon 2015: Paula Radcliffe and the mother of all goodbyes

The mother of all goodbyes

Paula Radcliffe's farewell to the London Marathon will be a family affair
Everton vs Manchester United: Steven Naismith demands 'better' if Toffees are to upset the odds against United

Steven Naismith: 'We know we must do better'

The Everton forward explains the reasons behind club's decline this season
Arsenal vs Chelsea: Praise to Arsene Wenger for having the courage of his convictions

Michael Calvin's Last Word

Praise to Wenger for having the courage of his convictions