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Siegfried Sassoon was sent to Craiglockhart Hospital to be treated for ‘shell shock’ following his protest

A History of the First World War in 100 Moments: ‘Mad Jack’ takes on the War Office

Siegfried Sassoon was decorated for his courage. Then, dramatically, he refused to fight. Andy McSmith on an extraordinary episode of wilful defiance

Ernst Jünger’s German platoon overcame the enemy forces with his ‘mastery of the situation and iron command’

A History of the First World War in 100 Moments: We heard unfamiliar cries… when I asked, ‘Quelle nation?’ one said, ‘Rajput’

In an extract from the war diary on which he based ‘Storm of Steel’, Ernst Jünger describes an encounter with the Indian Corps

An early colour photograph of the crater left by the biggest of the blasts beneath German positions near Messines on 14 June 1917

A History of the First World War in 100 Moments: A blast that obliterated 10,000 Germans

When the British detonated 19 mines at Messines on 7 June 1917, it was the biggest man-made explosion ever seen
French ‘poilus’ at Chemin des Dames, where the bloody Nivelle Offensive of 1917 pushed many into mutiny

A History of the First World War in 100 Moments: The Nivelle offensive - when the lambs refused to march to the slaughter

The catastrophic Nivelle offensive saw 40,000 Frenchmen killed in three days. Shortly afterwards, the war’s most significant mutinies began
War effort: Women war workers at Cross Farm, Shackleton, Surrey, in 1917

A History of the First World War in 100 Moments: The new British front - in the fields

With food imports blocked by German U-boats, the Women's Land Army was vital to Britain's survival
Supporters greet Lenin on his arrival at Finland Station, Petrograd, on 16 April 1917, after a week-long journey by sealed train from Switzerland

A History of the First World War in 100 Moments: Sealed and delivered - Russia’s most feared revolutionary returns

In a single-carriage train at Gottmadingen, a tiny hillside station on the German side of the Swiss border, one of two German officers drew a line across the floor of the carriage corridor. This chalk divide would have the status of an international border, and if the carriage’s most notorious passenger stepped across it, he would be committing treason.

People watch as a parachute drop takes place near Ranville, France

D-Day 70th anniversary: ‘People ask if I was afraid. It’s a stupid question’

The Paras’ return to Normandy brought back chilling memories

The moment that ushered in the American century: President Woodrow Wilson asks Congress to ratify a declaration of war against Imperial Germany

A History of the First World War in 100 Moments: ‘We desire no conquest, no dominion. The world must be made safe for democracy’

Few US presidents have been so averse to warfare as Woodrow Wilson. And few have changed history so profoundly as he did when he led America into the Europe conflict

WW2 veteran Fred Holborn, from the Fleet Air Arm, looks at British Legion Union flags carrying thank you messages planted in the sand on Gold beach

D-Day 70th anniversary: Seven decades on, a band of brothers meet to pay their respects one last time

As world leaders head to Sword Beach, John Lichfield reports on the private ceremony being ushered into the pages of history

WW2 veteran Fred Holborn, from the Fleet Air Arm, on Gold beach

D-day 70th anniversary: Emotional veterans gather to begin Longest Day commemorations across historic sites of Normandy landings

Event today in Normandy marked the first Allied breakthrough on day of greatest ever military invasion

Ruins of the church of Aunay-sur-Odon in late 1944

D-Day 70th anniversary: ‘I could see the town, my town, burning behind us’

Seventy years after the invasion, Allied bombing that killed 10,000 civilians is being questioned

Filling shells at the Vickers munitions factory, Barrow-in-Furness. Strikers’ grievances included the use of female labour

A History of the First World War in 100 Moments: The munitions workers who made the British government tremble

It was a struggle within a struggle, in which industrial unrest was brought  to heel only by the direst threats. Chris Blackhurst on a forgotten strike

Composer and poet Ivor Gurney (left) and the artist Paul Nash (Getty)

A History of the First World War in 100 Moments: Cries from the heart for a land tortured by war

The miseries of the Western Front were exacerbated by environmental destruction on a barely comprehensible scale. Eleanor Rawling reflects on a week when two  British artists found ways of expressing the horror

May Bradford writing a letter for an injured soldier in a French hospital

A History of the First World War in 100 Moments: The soldier and the letter-writer - a lady with a notepad who gave comfort to the dying

May Bradford provided a priceless service, writing letters to loved ones on behalf of injured soldiers
Edward Thomas, a Second-Lieutenant in the Royal Garrison Artillery, at home on leave in early 1917

A History of the First World War in 100 Moments: Helen Thomas's final farewell to her husband, the poet Edward Thomas - ‘I stood at the gate watching him go. He turned back to wave until the mist and hill hid him...’

Millions experienced the emotional turmoil of loved ones leaving for the front line. Few captured the poignancy so heartbreakingly as Helen Thomas, wife of poet Edward Thomas
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Prices correct as of 17 April 2015
Not even the 'putrid throat' could stop the Ross Poldark swoon-fest'

Not even the 'putrid throat' could stop the Ross Poldark swoon-fest'

How a costume drama became a Sunday night staple
Miliband promises no stamp duty for first-time buyers as he pushes Tories on housing

Miliband promises no stamp duty for first-time buyers

Labour leader pushes Tories on housing
Aviation history is littered with grand failures - from the the Bristol Brabazon to Concorde - but what went wrong with the SuperJumbo?

Aviation history is littered with grand failures

But what went wrong with the SuperJumbo?
Fear of Putin, Islamists and immigration is giving rise to a new generation of Soviet-style 'iron curtains' right across Europe

Fortress Europe?

Fear of Putin, Islamists and immigration is giving rise to a new generation of 'iron curtains'
Never mind what you're wearing, it's what you're reclining on

Never mind what you're wearing

It's what you're reclining on that matters
General Election 2015: Chuka Umunna on the benefits of immigration, humility – and his leader Ed Miliband

Chuka Umunna: A virus of racism runs through Ukip

The shadow business secretary on the benefits of immigration, humility – and his leader Ed Miliband
Yemen crisis: This exotic war will soon become Europe's problem

Yemen's exotic war will soon affect Europe

Terrorism and boatloads of desperate migrants will be the outcome of the Saudi air campaign, says Patrick Cockburn
Marginal Streets project aims to document voters in the run-up to the General Election

Marginal Streets project documents voters

Independent photographers Joseph Fox and Orlando Gili are uploading two portraits of constituents to their website for each day of the campaign
Game of Thrones: Visit the real-life kingdom of Westeros to see where violent history ends and telly tourism begins

The real-life kingdom of Westeros

Is there something a little uncomfortable about Game of Thrones shooting in Northern Ireland?
How to survive a social-media mauling, by the tough women of Twitter

How to survive a Twitter mauling

Mary Beard, Caroline Criado-Perez, Louise Mensch, Bunny La Roche and Courtney Barrasford reveal how to trounce the trolls
Gallipoli centenary: At dawn, the young remember the young who perished in one of the First World War's bloodiest battles

At dawn, the young remember the young

A century ago, soldiers of the Empire – many no more than boys – spilt on to Gallipoli’s beaches. On this 100th Anzac Day, there are personal, poetic tributes to their sacrifice
Dissent is slowly building against the billions spent on presidential campaigns – even among politicians themselves

Follow the money as never before

Dissent is slowly building against the billions spent on presidential campaigns – even among politicians themselves, reports Rupert Cornwell
Samuel West interview: The actor and director on austerity, unionisation, and not mentioning his famous parents

Samuel West interview

The actor and director on austerity, unionisation, and not mentioning his famous parents
General Election 2015: Imagine if the leading political parties were fashion labels

Imagine if the leading political parties were fashion labels

Fashion editor, Alexander Fury, on what the leaders' appearances tell us about them
Phumzile Mlambo-Ngcuka: Home can be the unsafest place for women

Phumzile Mlambo-Ngcuka: Home can be the unsafest place for women

The architect of the HeForShe movement and head of UN Women on the world's failure to combat domestic violence