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Composer and poet Ivor Gurney (left) and the artist Paul Nash (Getty)

A History of the First World War in 100 Moments: Cries from the heart for a land tortured by war

The miseries of the Western Front were exacerbated by environmental destruction on a barely comprehensible scale. Eleanor Rawling reflects on a week when two  British artists found ways of expressing the horror

May Bradford writing a letter for an injured soldier in a French hospital

A History of the First World War in 100 Moments: The soldier and the letter-writer - a lady with a notepad who gave comfort to the dying

May Bradford provided a priceless service, writing letters to loved ones on behalf of injured soldiers
Edward Thomas, a Second-Lieutenant in the Royal Garrison Artillery, at home on leave in early 1917

A History of the First World War in 100 Moments: Helen Thomas's final farewell to her husband, the poet Edward Thomas - ‘I stood at the gate watching him go. He turned back to wave until the mist and hill hid him...’

Millions experienced the emotional turmoil of loved ones leaving for the front line. Few captured the poignancy so heartbreakingly as Helen Thomas, wife of poet Edward Thomas
Carnage on the road to Romania’s Turnu Rosu Pass. A German NCO stands beside an Italian-made cannon and the body of what may have been a gun crew member

A History of the First World War in 100 Moments: Carnage in the Carpathians - ‘I thought he was dead. I was stepping over him when I felt a tug at my cloak ...’

Novelist and poet Hans Carossa on being a German medical officer during the defeat of the Romanians at Turnu Rosu Pass
A British soldier covers a dead German on the firestep of a trench near the Somme

A History of the First World War in 100 Moments: Life - and death - in a trench under artillery bombardment

Soldiers buried alive; others maddened by fear; corpses for company... The author and officer Arthur Graeme West provides a powerful description

A History of the First World War in 100 Moments: Enter the huge, lumbering, mechanical monsters

Bert Chaney, a signaller with the 7th London Territorial Battalion, witnesses a turning-point in military history

Remains of the German airship shot down over Cuffley

A History of the First World War in 100 Moments: Over a Hertfordshire field, a ‘kill’ that made history as a German airship is shot down

'Zepp Sunday' was a crucial breakthrough, based on scientific ingenuity, in the struggle to make the UK’s skies safe from German airships

Conscientious objectors at a protest on Dartmoor in 1917

A History of the First World War in 100 Moments: Jailed, strait-jacketed, starved, sentenced to death – the conscientious objectors who refused to fight

Jonathan Brown on a landmark trial for Britons whose beliefs prevented them from supporting the war effort
Field Marshal Horatio Herbert Kitchener, whose face appeared on the recruitment poster ‘Your Country Needs You’

A History of the First World War in 100 Moments: Lord Kitchener, father of the ‘New Army’, is lost at sea

Jamie Merrill on a naval disaster that spawned a host of conspiracy theories
One of the architects of the revolt: Sharif Hussain, religious leader of Mecca

A History of the First World War in 100 Moments: A desert uprising that began in hope but was doomed to end in betrayal

Robert Fisk on the moment the Arabs, trusting in British good faith, turned on their Turkish rulers

The sinking of the ‘Queen Mary’

A History of the First World War in 100 Moments: ‘Nothing but a thick, black cloud of smoke remained where the ship had been’

John Lichfield on the Battle of Jutland, the great naval confrontation of the war – which both sides claimed as a victory

Aussie Troops march over Westminster Bridge ,London, date unknown

Ghosts of the World Wars: Haunting images take you back in time combining historical photographs with their modern-day settings

Weary soldiers appear alongside tourists and the trenches of France are refilled

Siegfried Sassoon as a second lieutenant in the Royal Welch Fusiliers. His bravery won him the Military Cross in July 1916, but he later turned against the war

A History of the First World War in 100 Moments: ‘The bomb had given him its full explosion’

A diary entry by Siegfried Sassoon conveys the texture of his traumatic experiences in the trenches

The tear-stained letter

A History of the First World War in 100 Moments: ‘Dearest Win, I have a feeling that I shall not come back again’

Frank Bracey, of the Royal Garrison Artillery, was on leave and staying with his mother when he wrote this letter – to be opened in the event of his death

The Ottoman army besieged the British forces for 147 days until they surrendered on 29 April 1916

A History of the First World War in 100 Moments: Shambles on the Tigris - a general’s complacency and an abject surrender

Besieged in Mesopotamia, General Sir Charles Townshend allowed a crisis to turn into a catastrophe. Patrick Cockburn on one of Britain’s great military disasters
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Greece elections: In times like these, the EU has far more dangerous adversaries than Syriza

Greece elections

In times like these, the EU has far more dangerous adversaries than Syriza, says Patrick Cockburn
Holocaust Memorial Day: Nazi victims remembered as spectre of prejudice reappears

Holocaust Memorial Day

Nazi victims remembered as spectre of prejudice reappears over Europe
Fortitude and the Arctic attraction: Our fascination with the last great wilderness

Magnetic north

The Arctic has always exerted a pull, from Greek myth to new thriller Fortitude. Gerard Gilbert considers what's behind our fascination with the last great wilderness
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Homeless Veterans appeal

Homeless in Wales can find inspiration from Daniel’s story
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Marine Le Pen and her relatives clash over French far-right party's response to Paris terror attacks
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Tasting the world’s most expensive tea
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While many of Britain's birds have flown south for the winter, it's still a great time to get outside for a spot of twitching
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Nick Easter targeting World Cup place after England recall
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Why her plays are as provocative now as when they were written
Murder of Japanese hostage has grim echoes of a killing in Iraq 11 years ago

Murder of Japanese hostage has grim echoes of another killing

Japanese mood was against what was seen as irresponsible trips to a vicious war zone
Syria crisis: Celebrities call on David Cameron to take more refugees as one young mother tells of torture by Assad regime

Celebrities call on David Cameron to take more Syrian refugees

One young mother tells of torture by Assad regime
The enemy within: People who hear voices in their heads are being encouraged to talk back – with promising results

The enemy within

People who hear voices in their heads are being encouraged to talk back
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Survivors of the Nazi concentration camp remember its horror, 70 years on
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