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The Ottoman army besieged the British forces for 147 days until they surrendered on 29 April 1916

A History of the First World War in 100 Moments: Shambles on the Tigris - a general’s complacency and an abject surrender

Besieged in Mesopotamia, General Sir Charles Townshend allowed a crisis to turn into a catastrophe. Patrick Cockburn on one of Britain’s great military disasters
A steamer hit by a torpedo during the First World War

A History of the First World War in 100 Moments: ‘I couldn’t bear the sight any longer. I lowered the periscope and dived’

U-boat commander Adolf von Spiegel describes his mixed emotions on sinking an Allied steamer
Britain saw the Easter Rising as a stab in the back and the rebels, pictured here being led to captivity, as traitors. Subsequent executions made them into national heroes

A History of the First World War in 100 Moments: A botched coup, sanctified by martyrdom

The failed uprising by Irish nationalists was an important event in the Great War – one that the British still fail to understand
Chandeliers and bed rest

A History of the First World War in 100 Moments: In an exotic Regency residence, an oasis of hope for limbless soldiers

Brighton’s famous Pavilion played a vital, forgotten role in rehabilitating troops

Conscripts, among the first men ever to be compelled to join the British Army, undergo a medical

A History of the First World War in 100 Moments: Britain introduces conscription when the appeal to patriotic sentiment was no longer enough

As frontline losses grew, it became clear that only forced recruitment would keep the war effort going

French troops under shellfire during the Battle of Verdun

A History of the First World War in 100 Moments: Verdun's storm of shellfire that obliterated 300,000 men

Synonymous with futility and heroic defiance, it was the biggest battle the world had ever seen. John Lichfield on an inferno that marked the birth of the age of warfare by mass destruction

Italian light infantry of the 1st Alpini Regiment on Monte Nero, during the Isonzo campaigns

A History of the First World War in 100 Moments: Poet Giuseppe Ungaretti finds his voice amidst the horror of the ‘white war’

Italians endured years of bloody, futile fighting in the Alps. But a literary giant arose from the carnage. Peter Popham on the awakening of the artistically-inclined 27-year-old

Christopher Columbus

Christopher Columbus: The life and legacy of the famous explorer

He might have believed it was Asia but his voyages to America changed the world

Flora Sandes, who rose from private to sergeant-major in the Serbian army, playing chess with her Serbian comrades. After the war ended, she was promoted to lieutenant

A History of the First World War in 100 Moments: On an Albanian mountain top, a British woman joins Serbia’s army

Born in England, of Irish descent, Flora Sandes became a Serbian military heroine. Louise Miller explains how a Suffolk nurse found fame and fulfilment as a soldier far from home

George Samson is celebrated on a cigarette card of the time

A History of the First World War in 100 Moments: White feather for winner of Victoria Cross

Carnoustie, 12 October 1915: George Samson is humiliated as a coward. A few female patriots liked to humiliate young men they saw on the streets out of uniform. Even a war hero, in his home town, was not exempt

Laid to rest: Edith Cavell circa 1905

A History of the First World War in 100 Moments: 'Patriotism is not enough. I must have no hatred or bitterness...'

As a British nurse in occupied Belgium, Edith Cavell helped soldiers avoid captivity until she was betrayed and shot by a German firing squad in 1915. This remarkable account is by the Reverend H Stirling T Gahan, British chaplain in Brussels
2nd Lieutenant John Kipling is thought to have been killed in The Chalk Pit, in Loos, France, on 27 September 1915

A History of the First World War in 100 Moments: ‘It was a short life. I’m sorry all the years’ work ended in one afternoon’

Rudyard Kipling was one of the war’s great literary voices of patriotism. Then his own son went into battle, and was never seen again

Robert Graves (1895-1985), who served on the Western Front from 1915 to 1917

A History of the First World War in 100 Moments: ‘After the first day or two, the corpses swelled and stank...’

Robert Graves, of the Royal Welch Fusiliers, describes an episode of horror and heroism in the trenches

German military prisoners, at Southend-on-Sea, on their way to Knockaloe

A History of the First World War in 100 Moments: Britain’s ‘enemy aliens’ get their own railway

Tens of thousands of Germans living in the UK were interned during the war. Simon Usborne finds out where they went

French troops line up for inspection on a trench on the Western Front

A History of the First World War in 100 Moments: Over the top, and into an apocalyptic bombardment

The novelist Henri Barbusse saw 17 months of active service in the French infantry, much of it in the trenches around Vimy Ridge. This is his description of a dangerous and terrifying advance on the German lines

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Independent Travel
Pompeii, Capri & the Bay of Naples
Dubrovnik, the Dalmatian Coast & Montenegro
Burgundy, the River Rhone & Provence
Lisbon, Oporto and the Douro Valley
Lake Garda, Venice & Verona
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As in 1942, Germany must show restraint over Greece

As in 1942, Germany must show restraint over Greece

Mussolini tried to warn his ally of the danger of bringing the country to its knees. So should we, says Patrick Cockburn
Britain's widening poverty gap should be causing outrage at the start of the election campaign

The short stroll that should be our walk of shame

Courting the global elite has failed to benefit Britain, as the vast disparity in wealth on display in the capital shows
Homeless Veterans appeal: The rise of the working poor: when having a job cannot prevent poverty

Homeless Veterans appeal

The rise of the working poor: when having a job cannot prevent poverty
Prince Charles the saviour of the nation? A new book highlights concerns about how political he will be when he eventually becomes king

Prince Charles the saviour of the nation?

A new book highlights concerns about how political he will be when he eventually becomes king
How books can defeat Isis: Patrick Cockburn was able to update his agenda-setting 'The Rise of Islamic State' while under attack in Baghdad

How books can defeat Isis

Patrick Cockburn was able to update his agenda-setting 'The Rise of Islamic State' while under attack in Baghdad
Judith Hackitt: The myths of elf 'n' safety

Judith Hackitt: The myths of elf 'n' safety

She may be in charge of minimising our risks of injury, but the chair of the Health and Safety Executive still wants children to be able to hurt themselves
The open loathing between Barack Obama and Benjamin Netanyahu just got worse

The open loathing between Obama and Netanyahu just got worse

The Israeli PM's relationship with the Obama has always been chilly, but going over the President's head on Iran will do him no favours, says Rupert Cornwell
French chefs get 'le huff' as nation slips down global cuisine rankings

French chefs get 'le huff' as nation slips down global cuisine rankings

Fury at British best restaurants survey sees French magazine produce a rival list
Star choreographer Matthew Bourne gives young carers a chance to perform at Sadler's Wells

Young carers to make dance debut

What happened when superstar choreographer Matthew Bourne encouraged 27 teenage carers to think about themselves for once?
Design Council's 70th anniversary: Four of the most intriguing prototypes from Ones to Watch

Design Council's 70th anniversary

Four of the most intriguing prototypes from Ones to Watch
Dame Harriet Walter: The actress on learning what it is to age, plastic surgery, and her unease at being honoured by the establishment

Dame Harriet Walter interview

The actress on learning what it is to age, plastic surgery, and her unease at being honoured by the establishment
Art should not be a slave to the ideas driving it

Art should not be a slave to the ideas driving it

Critics of Tom Stoppard's new play seem to agree that cerebral can never trump character, says DJ Taylor
Bill Granger recipes: Our chef's winter salads will make you feel energised through February

Bill Granger's winter salads

Salads aren't just a bit on the side, says our chef - their crunch, colour and natural goodness are perfect for a midwinter pick-me-up
England vs Wales: Cool head George Ford ready to put out dragon fire

George Ford: Cool head ready to put out dragon fire

No 10’s calmness under pressure will be key for England in Cardiff
Michael Calvin: Time for Old Firm to put aside bigotry and forge new links

Michael Calvin's Last Word

Time for Old Firm to put aside bigotry and forge new links