The word began to be used in newspapers as early as 1898, the London Daily News in August, for example, recording: "The constable said the prisoner belonged to a gang of young roughs calling themselves `hooligans'."
The same month, the Daily Graphic wrote of "The avalanche of brutality which, under the name of `Hooliganism' has cast such a dire slur on the social records of south London."
The words had figured in an 1890s musical song about a rowdy Irish family, while a comic Irishman of that name appeared in a magazine, Funny Folks. The book Hooligans Night by Clarence Rook (1899) claimed that Patrick Hooligan was a bouncer and petty thief from Borough, south of the Thames, who was jailed for life for murdering a policeman.
Ernest Weekley, in Romance of Words (1912), writes: "The original Hooligans were a spirited Irish family... whose proceedings enlivened the drab monotony of life in Southwark about 14 years ago."Reuse content