The Barrier Reef, the world's largest living organism, has been damaged by climate change, pollution and voracious crown-of-thorns starfish

A last chance to save Australia’s Great Barrier Reef: Scientists launch audacious plan to create ‘fertility clinic’ to breed endangered coral

The world’s largest living organism has shrunk by about half over the past 30 years as a result of climate change, ocean acidification, pollution and crown-of-thorns starfish, which prey on coral

Jean-Baptiste Lamarck, left, whose idea was supplanted by Charles Darwin, right

The smell of fear can be inherited, scientists prove

Study shows scents associated with terror may be passed on for two male generations

Jo, Sarah, Dawn and Holly from Intersex UK

Special report: Intersex women speak out to protect the next generation

One in 2,000 babies does not fit neatly into male or female categories. Sarah Morrison meets four members of a new group that’s campaigning  to change attitudes and to help others feel less alone

Dressing table: The best hand creams

Chapped skin is inevitable as winter winds begin to bite; keep things soft and smooth with a nourishing cream and you'll soon have hands everyone will want to hold...

Sexually frustrated fruit flies die earlier

Sexual frustration will give you a shorter and more stressful life (if you are a fruit fly)

Sexually frustrated fruit flies die earlier, new research suggests.

Gabriel Granados after the 17-hour surgery, left, and recovered during physiotherapy

'I see new hands': Mexican father Gabriel Granados recovers movement in new limbs after rare double arm transplant

The 53-year-old father of two regained movement in his two new limbs two years after his double arm transplant

Puffin Billy endured a spring of underachievement

Puffin seeks to regain perch among top hurdlers

Newbury’s Hennessy Gold Cup meeting opens on Thursday with the unusual spectacle these days, when Saturdays have long since commandeered almost all worthwhile jumps races on the way to the Festival, of an informative contest that has moved in the opposite direction.

Mice with the mutated gene got a bigger reward stimulus from the alcohol compared to ordinary mice

'Single fault' in one gene can lead to alcohol addiction in laboratory mice

Humans with similar variations in the same gene could also have increased risk of the disease

The remains of a butchered Neanderthal gang have been analysed, showing they were the victims of local cannibals

Cannibal Neanderthal gang in northern Spain ate 12 of their neighbours raw, scientists say

Study shows the early humans butchered their rivals, breaking open their skulls and bones to extract the marrow

Hawk receives the Medal of Honor from President Truman

John Hawk: US Army sergeant who was awarded the Medal of Honor
for his bravery during the Normandy campaign

John “Bud” Hawk was a US Army sergeant who received the Medal of Honor for his heroism during the Normandy campaign during the Second World War. On 20 August 1944 he was manning a light machine-gun near Chambois, a critical point in the encirclement of Germans that became known as the Falaise Pocket.

Extinct frog brought back to life: Lazarus Project named one of 2013 best inventions

Lazarus project attempted to resurrect a species of frog that gave birth out of its mouth

These are human cheeses made from armpit bacteria and feet.. so would you eat yourself?

What kind of cheese do you think you would make?

Animal Odd Couples, BBC1 - TV Review

Would you be interested in meeting the orang-utan who takes his pet dog for daily walks? Would you find the sight of a duckling nuzzling at the teat of a cat almost unbearably adorable? And how about the kudu who fell in love with a giraffe? Cute overload, or what?

Silvio Berlusconi: Proof of sex at Bunga Bunga parties ‘not needed to find Berlusconi guilty’

The Milan court that convicted Silvio Berlusconi of paying an underage prostitute for sex at his infamous Bunga Bunga parties has said that proof of intercourse was not necessary to find him guilty.

Members of the Native American Women Warriors march during the annual Veterans Day Parade in New York earlier this month

First people to colonise the Americas before Christopher Columbus are linked to Europe by new DNA discovery

DNA indicates that group of Siberians must have played a key role

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Independent Travel
Pompeii, Capri & the Bay of Naples
Dubrovnik, the Dalmatian Coast & Montenegro
Burgundy, the River Rhone & Provence
Lisbon, Oporto and the Douro Valley
Lake Garda, Venice & Verona
Spain
Prices correct as of 23 January 2015
Syria crisis: Celebrities call on David Cameron to take more refugees as one young mother tells of torture by Assad regime

Celebrities call on David Cameron to take more Syrian refugees

One young mother tells of torture by Assad regime
The enemy within: People who hear voices in their heads are being encouraged to talk back – with promising results

The enemy within

People who hear voices in their heads are being encouraged to talk back
'In Auschwitz you got used to anything'

'In Auschwitz you got used to anything'

Survivors of the Nazi concentration camp remember its horror, 70 years on
Autumn/winter menswear 2015: The uniforms that make up modern life come to the fore

Autumn/winter menswear 2015

The uniforms that make up modern life come to the fore
'I'm gay, and plan to fight military homophobia'

'I'm gay, and plan to fight military homophobia'

Army general planning to come out
Iraq invasion 2003: The bloody warnings six wise men gave to Tony Blair as he prepared to launch poorly planned campaign

What the six wise men told Tony Blair

Months before the invasion of Iraq in 2003, experts sought to warn the PM about his plans. Here, four of them recall that day
25 years of The Independent on Sunday: The stories, the writers and the changes over the last quarter of a century

25 years of The Independent on Sunday

The stories, the writers and the changes over the last quarter of a century
Homeless Veterans appeal: 'Really caring is a dangerous emotion in this kind of work'

Homeless Veterans appeal

As head of The Soldiers' Charity, Martin Rutledge has to temper compassion with realism. He tells Chris Green how his Army career prepared him
Wu-Tang Clan and The Sexual Objects offer fans a chance to own the only copies of their latest albums

Smash hit go under the hammer

It's nice to pick up a new record once in a while, but the purchasers of two latest releases can go a step further - by buying the only copy
Geeks who rocked the world: Documentary looks back at origins of the computer-games industry

The geeks who rocked the world

A new documentary looks back at origins of the computer-games industry
Belle & Sebastian interview: Stuart Murdoch reveals how the band is taking a new direction

Belle & Sebastian is taking a new direction

Twenty years ago, Belle & Sebastian was a fey indie band from Glasgow. It still is – except today, as prime mover Stuart Murdoch admits, it has a global cult following, from Hollywood to South Korea
America: Land of the free, home of the political dynasty

America: Land of the free, home of the political dynasty

These days in the US things are pretty much stuck where they are, both in politics and society at large, says Rupert Cornwell
A graphic history of US civil rights – in comic book form

A graphic history of US civil rights – in comic book form

A veteran of the Fifties campaigns is inspiring a new generation of activists
Winston Churchill: the enigma of a British hero

Winston Churchill: the enigma of a British hero

A C Benson called him 'a horrid little fellow', George Orwell would have shot him, but what a giant he seems now, says DJ Taylor
Growing mussels: Precious freshwater shellfish are thriving in a unique green project

Growing mussels

Precious freshwater shellfish are thriving in a unique green project