From December 1981 until June 1989 he was the second-most important person in Poland
The terms 'socialist' and 'communist' are often confused, thanks in large part to the Cold War
All 88 million party members must 'champion simplicity and guard against extravagance,' instructs new report
Claims that secretive communist regime has carried out a further brutal purge of those the young leader sees as a threat to his authority
China is the world's largest manufacturer and consumer of tobacco
State media says China's top legislature has sanctioned the ruling Communist Party's decision to allow couples to have a second child if one parent is an only child.
The saga sums up the crass stupidity of authoritarian regimes, whose fear of even mild challenges leads them to endlessly create martyrs
Officers in the military will be particularly nervous
How should authors transform autobiography into self-standing fiction? For Karl Ove Knausgaard, with A Man in Love (translated by Don Bartlett; Vintage, £8.99), this second volume in the Norwegian writer's acclaimed "My Struggle" series mines the everyday material of young fatherhood. Yet he converts it into a stunningly eloquent set of reflections on masculinity, domesticity and the artist's itch to escape.
‘If Mao was God, then he was the Pope’, says former activist who knew Aravindan Balakrishnan in the 1970s, when he was expelled from the Communist Party of England
'Illegal methods must be eliminated', court statement says, but human rights activists say any change remains to be seen
Papers show that he was investigated on suspicion of being a spy
Long-awaited memoir is short on details of his estimable career as a manager
Mind your back garden! The Communists are on the loose!
This is the first substantial London show of works on paper by the great, Berlin-born political satirist Georg Grosz in twenty years, and, oddly, it is being staged in a private gallery. What is more, the show of 50 works is a major loan exhibition – none of the paintings of drawings is for sale. What's in it for the gallery? 'We got a call from a collector the other day, offering us works by Grosz,' Richard Nagy tells me. So there you have it.