How the French lost their je ne sais quoi

They see globalisation as a process that destroys individual cultures and identities


For the first time, English has begun to replace French in, of all places, French universities! No wonder an almighty row has broken out in France. Once, French was the language of diplomacy and international relations throughout the world. Even our ancient Order of the Garter still preserves its motto in Norman French: “Honi soit qui mal y pense”. But now French universities have been urged to teach certain courses in English.

Oops, I have just demonstrated with that last sentence what the lovers of “correct” French don’t like about the influence of English – the use of the passive. They cringe when their fellow citizens say “vous êtes demandé au téléphone”. What they wish to hear is “on vous demande au téléphone”.

In fact, giving French universities this linguistic freedom makes excellent sense. It is designed to help them attract more foreign students. The present situation is that about 30 per cent of students who leave their home countries to study abroad go to the US. Some 18 per cent of them come to the United Kingdom and 13 per cent attend German universities. The comparable proportion for France is 11 per cent. And, of these, many come from France’s former colonies in Africa.

So in terms of competing for students from the so-called BRIC economies – Brazil, Russia, India and China – where English is widely taught, France is not really a competitor. And it naturally wants to be. Not only do foreign students pay high fees, they also tend to have fond memories of studying abroad, and become enthusiasts for the country where they once lived for a year or two. So for French universities to teach some courses in English is simply good business.

Good business? But that is exactly what is wrong with the proposal, say its opponents in France. It doesn’t spring from any notions of learning for its own sake or devotion to scholarship. It is a further, regrettable example of the commercialisation of sectors that were once free of calculations of loss and profit. Indeed it is an example, these critics go on to argue, of globalisation, which is culturally Anglo-Saxon. They see globalisation as a process that destroys individual cultures and extinguishes separate identities. The globalisation to which French universities are now subject, says one French critic, is a form or barbarism. French will soon be no longer an authentic tongue but a sort of pidgin language.

Conceivably, in the far distant future, such a fate awaits the French language. But meanwhile, there is a related problem that France faces right now – the poor standing of its universities. The various international league tables generally place American and British universities in the high places and French universities very far down the lists.

In the top 10 rankings of the recent Times Higher Education list come Oxford in fourth position, Cambridge in sixth and Imperial College London in eighth. The first university from the Continent to appear is the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zürich in 15th. Also in the first 50 appear University College London, Edinburgh University, the London School of Economics and Manchester University. But there are still no French entries. The astonishing fact is that the first French institution to appear occupies the 59th rank.

However, note that universities in Germany and Sweden are higher up the tables than France. Is their higher standing connected to the fact that in both countries, unlike France, English is well taught and that many students would have no difficulty with English texts? This is important for students of the sciences, commerce and the media. In other words, although France is a country traditionally revered for its cultural achievements and its rigorous style of argument, it may yet have contrived gradually to cut itself off from the mainstream of intellectual life, erecting barriers where none should exist.

It is, after all, only 20 years since France introduced a law that made compulsory the use of French in all broadcast audiovisual programs, with exceptions only for musical works and “original version” films. However, even broadcast musical works are subject to quota rules under a related law whereby a minimum percentage of the songs on radio and television must be in the French language. Likewise, French was made compulsory in all advertisements, in all workplace communications and in all commercial contracts. This is pulling-up-the-drawbridge stuff – whatever happens, keep foreign language products out of France, and particularly those made in English.

What one wants to say to the French is “calm down”. Think through what is likely to happen when students arrive who speak English but have no French. They are not going to be satisfied with merely attending the courses taught in English that will be on offer and then spending their leisure time with other foreign students. They will be inexorably drawn into French life. Speaking one foreign language already, they will feel confident in their ability to learn to speak French during their stay. So paradoxically, offering courses in English at French universities would have the effect of increasing the knowledge of French culture outside France. Or as Luc Ferry, the French philosopher and former Minister of Education, puts it: these students will return home with a bit of France in their backpacks even if they are taught in English.

React Now

iJobs Job Widget
iJobs General

C# Developer (HTML5, JavaScript, ASP.NET, Mathematics, Entity)

£30000 - £45000 per annum + Benefits + Bonus: Harrington Starr: C# Developer (...

C# Integration Developer (.NET, Tibco EMS, SQL 2008/2012, XML)

£60000 - £80000 per annum + Benefits + Bonus: Harrington Starr: C# Integration...

Biztalk - outstanding opportunity

£75000 - £85000 per annum + ex bens: Deerfoot IT Resources Limited: Biztalk Te...

Trade Desk Specialist (FIX, Linux, Windows, Network Security)

£60000 per annum: Harrington Starr: Trade Desk Specialist (FIX, Linux, Windows...

Day In a Page

Read Next

i Editor's Letter: The final instalment of our WW1 series

Oliver Duff Oliver Duff

Simon Usborne: The more you watch pro cycling, the more you understand its social complexity

Simon Usborne
A History of the First World War in 100 Moments: Peace without magnanimity - the summit in a railway siding that ended the fighting

A History of the First World War in 100 Moments

Peace without magnanimity - the summit in a railway siding that ended the fighting
Scottish independence: How the Commonwealth Games could swing the vote

Scottish independence: How the Commonwealth Games could swing the vote

In the final part of our series, Chris Green arrives in Glasgow - a host city struggling to keep the politics out of its celebration of sport
Out in the cold: A writer spends a night on the streets and hears the stories of the homeless

A writer spends a night on the streets

Rough sleepers - the homeless, the destitute and the drunk - exist in every city. Will Nicoll meets those whose luck has run out
Striking new stations, high-speed links and (whisper it) better services - the UK's railways are entering a new golden age

UK's railways are entering a new golden age

New stations are opening across the country and our railways appear to be entering an era not seen in Britain since the early 1950s
Conchita Wurst becomes a 'bride' on the Paris catwalk - and proves there is life after Eurovision

Conchita becomes a 'bride' on Paris catwalk

Alexander Fury salutes the Eurovision Song Contest winner's latest triumph
Pétanque World Championship in Marseilles hit by

Pétanque 'world cup' hit by death threats

This year's most acrimonious sporting event took place in France, not Brazil. How did pétanque get so passionate?
Whelks are healthy, versatile and sustainable - so why did we stop eating them in the UK?

Why did we stop eating whelks?

Whelks were the Victorian equivalent of the donor kebab and our stocks are abundant. So why do we now export them all to the Far East?
10 best women's sunglasses

In the shade: 10 best women's sunglasses

From luxury bespoke eyewear to fun festival sunnies, we round up the shades to be seen in this summer
Germany vs Argentina World Cup 2014: Lionel Messi? Javier Mascherano is key for Argentina...

World Cup final: Messi? Mascherano is key for Argentina...

No 10 is always centre of attention but Barça team-mate is just as crucial to finalists’ hopes
Siobhan-Marie O’Connor: Swimmer knows she needs Glasgow joy on road to Rio

Siobhan-Marie O’Connor: Swimmer needs Glasgow joy on road to Rio

18-year-old says this month’s Commonwealth Games are a key staging post in her career before time slips away
The true Gaza back-story that the Israelis aren’t telling this week

The true Gaza back-story that the Israelis aren’t telling this week

A future Palestine state will have no borders and be an enclave within Israel, surrounded on all sides by Israeli-held territory, says Robert Fisk
A History of the First World War in 100 Moments: The German people demand an end to the fighting

A History of the First World War in 100 Moments

The German people demand an end to the fighting
New play by Oscar Wilde's grandson reveals what the Irish wit said at his trials

New play reveals what Oscar Wilde said at trials

For a century, what Wilde actually said at his trials was a mystery. But the recent discovery of shorthand notes changed that. Now his grandson Merlin Holland has turned them into a play
Can scientists save the world's sea life from

Can scientists save our sea life?

By the end of the century, the only living things left in our oceans could be plankton and jellyfish. Alex Renton meets the scientists who are trying to turn the tide
Richard III, Trafalgar Studios, review: Martin Freeman gives highly intelligent performance

Richard III review

Martin Freeman’s psychotic monarch is big on mockery but wanting in malice