Environment The Nathusius’ pipistrelle weighs just 7.6g and is the size of a human thumb

A tiny bat the size of a human thumb has become the first to be recorded crossing the North Sea from Britain to mainland Europe – before meeting an untimely end in the Netherlands.

Letters: The Monarchy

'Modern' monarchy for a backward country

Amol Rajan: Community organisers are building the Big Society

A spectre is haunting England – the spectre of community organising. Barack Obama spent his politically formative years working in Chicago as a community organiser. That phrase is clearly understood in America, but less so over here. It refers to a tradition pioneered by Chicagoan Saul Alinsky – and it has migrated across the Atlantic.

Police who fuelled Egypt riots jailed

There were angry scenes in a Cairo courtroom yesterday when two policemen were jailed for their role in a case which helped spark the Egyptian uprising.

On verge of victory, Tunisia's Islamists commit to 'Western-style democracy'

Tunisia's moderate Islamist party, set to win the first democratic election born of the Arab Spring, reached out yesterday to centre-leftists, vowing to uphold liberal values and form a coalition government with secular parties.

Served the GDR's communist leadership loyally: Gerlach in 1998

Manfred Gerlach: Last head of state of East Germany

Manfred Gerlach served from 6 December 1989 until March 1990 as the head of state of East Germany, the German Democratic Republic (GDR). He had replaced the last Communist to hold the post, Egon Krenz, who had only held it from 24 October.

Bidzina Ivanishvili lives in a custom-built castle on the edge of Tbilisi

Georgian billionaire comes out fighting

From rich recluse to political force, Bidzina Ivanishvili has vowed to oust the President

Rupert Cornwell: There's trouble in the pipeline for Obama

Out of America: A plan to import tar-sand oil from Canada will bring jobs and energy security, but environmentalists say the president must block it

Patrick Cockburn: Greece in a state of shock as Troika reforms take effect

World View: A sense of injustice is growing. Elite politicians and notorious wrongdoers appear immune as ordinary Greeks reel from wage and job cuts

Joy as Tunisians prepare for their first free vote

"Today, I'm going to the hairdresser and the hammam [steam baths]. I have new clothes – just like for a big celebration," says Jannet, in Tunis. "I won't be able to sleep and tomorrow I'll go to the polling station at 7am, first thing." At that thought, the 57-year-old starts crying, tears of joy: "I'm so proud, so excited" she says. "And so relieved the fear is over."

Libyan liberation to be declared on Sunday

A military spokesman says Libya's transitional government will declare liberation on Sunday after months of bloodshed that culminated in the death of longtime leader Muammar Gaddafi.

Village People: Tam Dalyell is never one to run with the herd

News that Colonel Gaddafi was dead had only just hit the airwaves when that relentless old campaigner Sir Tam Dalyell was on the phone.

Adrian Hamilton: A symbolic vote for the Middle East

The Tunisian uprising happened so fast and the overthrow of the regime in January came so quickly that it is easy, as it goes for elections this Sunday, to take it for granted, a footnote of calm in a chapter of violence and suppression which has marked its neighbours to the west and east.

From Arab Spring to elections: Tunisia steps into a new era

The previously banned Islamist party, Al Nahda, is leading the opinion polls and is pitching a moderate, pluralist agenda

Molly Tarhuni: We must not be afraid to build a new future

The future of Libya can now be written in the full awareness that our potential can be realised

EU calls for reconciliation in Libya

The European Union urged Libya's interim rulers to push for a broad-based reconciliation in the country following the death of deposed leader Muammar Gaddafi and offered them assistance with rebuilding the country after war.

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