At 8.30am on 13 July, the colliery bands of Durham began their march towards the city's market place. The miners' banners went with them, signposts to the past, a visible display of pride in the region's history. From there followed a slow march towards the County Hotel on Old Elvet. The bands played, the march went on to the racecourse, and the banners were strapped to the surrounding fences.

Obituary: Dave Smith

David Smith, footballer and football administrator: born South Shields, Co Durham 12 October 1915; played for Newcastle United 1935-36, Northampton Town 1943-50; secretary of Northampton Town 1951-54, manager 1954-59; secretary and manager/ general manager of Aldershot 1959-71; died Derby 26 November 1997.

Papergirl raped

Police are appealing for witnesses after a 14-year-old girl was raped as she started her early morning round delivering newspapers. The girl, from South Shields, Tyne and Wear, was attacked in the Harton area of the town. A man approached her from behind, pulled her into a lane and raped her.

Obituary: Wilfred Josephs

Wilfred Josephs, composer: born Newcastle upon Tyne 24 July 1927; married 1956 Valerie Wisbey (two daughters); died London 17 November 1997.

An Eye On... public toilets

Britain: Judges of Britain's Loo of the Year awards said that too few people complain about sub-standard toilets. Award director Richard Chisnell said: "Turnover for an establishment can double because of a good loo."

Britain: Back to barracks in Roman Tyne and Wear

Time and weather have been cruel to much of Britain's Roman past. But at South Shields, there is a wonderful opportunity to look up, not down, at our classical heritage, writes

AN EYE ON... exotic birds

Parrot 1: Burglars were yesterday reported to have stolen a talking parrot valued at pounds 650 from a pet shop near Chorley, Lancashire. The parrot answers to the name of "Olly" and can say "hello" and "hello sexy".

Roman armour unearthed

The first suit of Roman chain-mail armour ever found in Britain has been unearthed inside a Roman fort in South Shields near Newcastle. Its one of only seven complete examples known from the entire Roman world.

Ramaala ends the Kenyan run

The Kenyan stranglehold on the Bupa Great North Run was finally loosened yesterday as the record field of 36,000, the highest for a road race in Europe, snaked its way along the half-marathon route from Newcastle to the shore of the North Sea at South Shields.

Athletics: Brown is the Great North hope

Simon Turnbull meets the distance runner determined not to be an also-ran

Brown concerned over financial support

Brendan Foster, the former world record-holder, angrily hit out yesterday at the lack of support for British distance runners.

McColgan confident she can conquer North test

Liz McColgan is ready to see off one of the strongest line-ups she has ever faced as she bids to extend her BUPA Great North Run domination on Sunday.

Surf's up - and it's hotter than Barbados

As Britain headed for the hottest August since records began, the country's leading marriage counselling service yesterday predicted an upsurge in domestic strife, and the Royal Automobile Club pleaded with irate motorists not to get too hot under the collar.

Racing: NAPP wakes up to new possibilities

Greg Wood finds the punters' pressure group is now optimistic about its future

Media: Is reality getting out of hand?

Viewers may respond positively to `ordinary' people in advertisements. But those chosen to sell the goods often take on more than they bargained for. Meg Carter on the price of getting real

Racing: Punters' war waged with a slingshot

Greg Wood on the organisation aiming to end taxation without representa tion
Career Services

Day In a Page

Burgundy, the River Rhone & Provence – MS Swiss Corona - seven nights from £999pp
Lake Maggiore, Orta and the Matterhorn – seven nights from £899pp
Sicily – seven nights from £939pp
Pompeii, Capri and the Bay of Naples - seven nights from £799pp
Istanbul Ephesus & Troy – six nights from £859pp
Mary Rose – two nights from £319pp
Evan Davis: The BBC’s wolf in sheep’s clothing to take over at Newsnight

The BBC’s wolf in sheep’s clothing

What will Evan Davis be like on Newsnight?
Finding the names for America’s shame: What happens to the immigrants crossing the US-Mexico border without documents who never make it past the Arizona desert?

Finding the names for America’s shame

The immigrants crossing the US-Mexico border without documents who never make it past the Arizona desert
Inside a church for Born Again Christians: Speaking to God in a Manchester multiplex

Inside a church for Born Again Christians

As Britain's Anglican church struggles to establish its modern identity, one branch of Christianity is booming
Rihanna, Kim Kardashian and me: How Olivier Rousteing is revitalising the house of Balmain

Olivier Rousteing is revitalising the house of Balmain

Parisian couturier Pierre Balmain made his name dressing the mid-century jet set. Today, Olivier Rousteing – heir to the house Pierre built – is celebrating their 21st-century equivalents. The result? Nothing short of Balmania
Cancer, cardiac arrest, HIV and homelessness - and he's only 39

Incredible survival story of David Tovey

Tovey went from cooking for the Queen to rifling through bins for his supper. His is a startling story of endurance against the odds – and of a social safety net failing at every turn
Backhanders, bribery and abuses of power have soared in China as economy surges

Bribery and abuses of power soar in China

The bribery is fuelled by the surge in China's economy but the rules of corruption are subtle and unspoken, finds Evan Osnos, as he learns the dark arts from a master
Commonwealth Games 2014: Highland terriers stole the show at the opening ceremony

Highland terriers steal the show at opening ceremony

Gillian Orr explores why a dog loved by film stars and presidents is finally having its day
German art world rocked as artists use renowned fat sculpture to distil schnapps

Brewing the fat from artwork angers widow of sculptor

Part of Joseph Beuys' 1982 sculpture 'Fettecke' used to distil schnapps
BBC's The Secret History of Our Streets reveals a fascinating window into Britain's past

BBC takes viewers back down memory lane

The Secret History of Our Streets, which returns with three films looking at Scottish streets, is the inverse of Benefits Street - delivering warmth instead of cynicism
Joe, film review: Nicolas Cage delivers an astonishing performance in low budget drama

Nicolas Cage shines in low-budget drama Joe

Cage plays an ex-con in David Gordon Green's independent drama, which has been adapted from a novel by Larry Brown
How to make your own gourmet ice lollies, granitas, slushy cocktails and frozen yoghurt

Make your own ice lollies and frozen yoghurt

Think outside the cool box for this summer's tempting frozen treats
Ford Fiesta is UK's most popular car of all-time, with sales topping 4.1 million since 1976

Fiesta is UK's most popular car of all-time

Sales have topped 4.1 million since 1976. To celebrate this milestone, four Independent writers recall their Fiestas with pride
10 best reed diffusers

Heaven scent: 10 best reed diffusers

Keep your rooms smelling summery and fresh with one of these subtle but distinctive home fragrances that’ll last you months
Commonwealth Games 2014: Female boxers set to compete for first time

Female boxers set to compete at Commonwealth Games for first time

There’s no favourites and with no headguards anything could happen
Five things we’ve learned so far about Manchester United under Louis van Gaal

Five things we’ve learned so far about United under Van Gaal

It’s impossible to avoid the impression that the Dutch manager is playing to the gallery a little