Geology

Bruce Murray: Nasa director who pioneered photography in space science

Bruce Murray was an ambitious proponent of space exploration and was among the first to emphasise the use of photography of other planets. Murray was director of the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, a space exploration arm of Nasa, from 1976-82. As a part of the team that launched the Mariner missions to Mars and other planets in the 1960s and 1970s, Murray was one of the first scientists to highlight the use of photography in space science.

Wait and see: The joys of a slow-blooming peony

There are seven big buds on my peony "Sarah Bernhardt". I've just counted them. I've been waiting several whole summers for this. And you do wait a long time for peonies. You can occasionally find yourself feeling like the End Times will approach and the Sun and the Moon and the stars will all go dim before the peonies get themselves going. Here come the Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse! Oh well, that's very inconvenient timing, because my "Bowl of Beauty" just decided to open.

Florida tragedy: So what makes a sinkhole open up?

Imagine a limestone gorge. Look back in time and imagine it covered over. And then think what happens at some time between the two. Imagine standing above ground at that stage and discovering the first hole in what was then a cavern 'roof' when the ground opened up. And you're thinking of a sinkhole.

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Anish Kapoor, Lisson Gallery, London

Is there something new from Kapoor amongst this multitude of new scuptural works spread across the various gallery spaces of two entire buildings? Not much. We can divide these work into the rough and the smooth.