Contributions from Bill Clinton, Archbishop Desmond Tutu, the late Walter Sisulu, Cyril Ramaphosa, and his official biographer Anthony Sampson

Video published on the internet shows bodies being prepared in Houla for a mass funeral

UN condemns Syria after massacre of civilians

Emergency meeting of UN discusses response to attack that killed 34 children

Syrian regime fires on funeral, say activists

yrian activists say regime forces fired on a funeral procession in the presence of UN observers, causing many casualties.

Rebel chief Riad al-Asaad 'threatens new Syria attacks'

Syria's rebel leader has threatened to resume attacks because President Bashar Assad's government has not honoured a ceasefire, a pan-Arab newspaper reported today.

Syrian troops accused of war crimes

Syrian government forces committed war crimes during a two-week offensive in the northern province of Idlib shortly before a ceasefire came into effect on 12 April, an international human rights watchdog has claimed.

Protesters gather round UN observers during a visit to Douma, a suburb of Damascus, on Monday

Assad tanks punish protesters after UN team drives out

As the UN team drove out of the Damascus suburb of Douma yesterday, regime tanks were said to have rolled in – offering another indication that President Bashar al-Assad is adopting a strategy of brutal mass punishment for those who turn out to show observers their discontent with the regime.

Syrian troops fire on large crowds of protesters after 10 soldiers killed

Syrian troops fired bullets and tear gas to disperse thousands of protesters yesterday, according to activists, as state media reported that a roadside bomb killed 10 soldiers.

Syrian troops widen shelling attacks

Syrian troops widened their shelling attacks on opposition targets today in another sign that the UN-brokered ceasefire is unravelling, activists said.

Shelling continues as UN monitors arrive in Syria

An advance team of six UN observers has arrived in the Syrian capital to monitor the country's ceasefire, which appeared to be rapidly unravelling today as regime forces pounded the opposition stronghold of Homs with artillery shells and mortars, activists said.

Leading article: Progress in Syria – but not enough

The ceasefire in Syria so far has been patchy, inadequate, and violated by both sides, most egregiously by the forces of President Bashar al-Assad, who have broken a pledge to withdraw from all towns and cities and bombarded districts of Homs again yesterday. But the – distinctly relative – calm has shown that a ceasefire, however imperfect, is an improvement on the free-for-all that proceeded it, with the glaring imbalance of power between the regime and the opposition exacting a murderous toll.

William Hague welcomes UN resolution over Syria

Foreign Secretary William Hague has welcomed unanimous United Nations Security Council backing for deployment of military observers to monitor the ceasefire in Syria as a "vital step".

Syrians stage a rare show of defiance with rebel flags in Deir el-Zour yesterday

Assad's guns fall silent – but Syria's terrified people fear fragile ceasefire will not last

With both sides claiming violations, the UN warns that a single shot could derail its peace mission

Further action needed against Syrian regime, says David Cameron

David Cameron urged Russia and China today to join the world in “tightening the noose” around the Syrian regime after a key deadline passed.

Buildings damaged by President Assad's army in the Juret al-Shayah surburb of Homs

Shattered streets of Homs belie Assad's promises of peace

As President Bashar al-Assad's promise that he will abide by a ceasefire was met with scepticism yesterday, evidence emerged of the utter devastation wrought by his forces during the fierce bombardment of opposition forces in the central city of Homs.

Kofi Annan demands end to Syrian violence

Syrian troops have shelled and raided opposition strongholds nationwide, activists said, prompting an urgent appeal by international envoy Kofi Annan to the Syrian regime to halt violence "without conditions" and give his truce plan a chance.

Demonstrators carry mock coffins at a protest in Izmir

Slaughter set to continue as Assad backs away from ceasefire plan

President in 11th-hour request for written guarantees from rebels as death toll soars

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