Life and Style

Johanes Kepler, who was born on 27 December 1771, was born near Stuttgart and made his foray into astronomy after he worked as a maths teacher in Graz, Austria - where he became an associate of Prince Hans Ulrich von Eggenberg.

'Please, please bring her back,' pleads kidnap girl's mother

The mother of a seven-year-old girl who was allegedly kidnapped by her father during a supervised visit to the US has made an emotional televised appeal for her return.

Bletchley Park 'in terrible state of disrepair'

The code-breaking centre that helped win the Second World War is in danger of irreparable decay unless the Government steps in to help, leading scientists said yesterday.

Leading article: Code of honour

Bletchley Park at once exemplifies the best and worst of British. As the base for mathematicians and linguists hastily assembled in the early days of the Second World War, it became the headquarters of this country's top-secret code-breaking operation. The model of ingenious making-do and unfussy getting on with things, it is credited with breaking the German Enigma codes and ending the war sooner than would otherwise have been the case. The technology developed there laid the foundations of computer science.

Professor Tony Spencer: Leading applied mathematician

Tony Spencer was Professor of Theoretical Mechanics at Nottingham University from 1965 to 1994 and a most distinguished applied mathematician. His research interests were unusually wide-ranging and he made outstanding contributions to several branches of solid mechanics. His special interest was in understanding and predicting the mechanical behaviour of advanced materials, an essential adjunct to the effective exploitation of these materials by the aerospace industries and elsewhere.

Professor D. T. Whiteside: Historian of mathematics whose prodigious work on Newton's papers astonished the scholarly world

In the small world of the history of science and mathematics, D.T. Whiteside, Emeritus Professor of the History of Mathematics and the Exact Sciences at Cambridge University, was a towering figure. He was one of the most profound and exacting scholars produced by Britain in the second half of the 20th century. Tom Whiteside's central work – and what would have been for anyone else a lifetime's labour – was the publication of an edition of the mathematical papers of Isaac Newton.

Penniless migrant becomes a maths superstar

A 63-year-old mathematician who worked as a labourer and night-watchman when he first migrated to Israel from Russia has solved a problem which has taxed the world's leading experts in his field for more than a generation.

The Indian Clerk, By David Leavitt

The life of the maths prodigy Ramanujan inspires a novel which takes some liberties with the truth

Computers 'to match human brains by 2030'

Computer power will match the intelligence of human beings within the next 20 years because of the accelerating speed at which technology is advancing, according to a leading scientific "futurologist".

Album: Luke Solomon

The Difference Engine (Rekid)

Hingis draws confidence at end of Peer show

When Martina Hingis began her comeback in January she had every reason to be satisfied with reaching the last eight of her first Grand Slam tournament for three years. Today's quarter-finals of the French Open will give the former world No 1 the chance to measure her subsequent progress as she faces Kim Clijsters, who beat her in three sets at the same stage in Melbourne.

Labour Party 'damaged' by race to succeed Prescott

Senior Labour figures have expressed concern that the race to succeed John Prescott is damaging the Labour Party, as speculation over the race to succeed him as deputy leader continues to mount.

Malcolm Rifkind: A bloody mess. Our bloody mess

A leading Iraq war sceptic now says US and British forces should remain until peace prevails

Descartes, by A C Grayling

I spy, with my philsopher's eye...
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Burgundy, the River Rhone & Provence – MS Swiss Corona - seven nights from £999pp
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Evan Davis: The BBC’s wolf in sheep’s clothing to take over at Newsnight

The BBC’s wolf in sheep’s clothing

What will Evan Davis be like on Newsnight?
Finding the names for America’s shame: What happens to the immigrants crossing the US-Mexico border without documents who never make it past the Arizona desert?

Finding the names for America’s shame

The immigrants crossing the US-Mexico border without documents who never make it past the Arizona desert
Inside a church for Born Again Christians: Speaking to God in a Manchester multiplex

Inside a church for Born Again Christians

As Britain's Anglican church struggles to establish its modern identity, one branch of Christianity is booming
Rihanna, Kim Kardashian and me: How Olivier Rousteing is revitalising the house of Balmain

Olivier Rousteing is revitalising the house of Balmain

Parisian couturier Pierre Balmain made his name dressing the mid-century jet set. Today, Olivier Rousteing – heir to the house Pierre built – is celebrating their 21st-century equivalents. The result? Nothing short of Balmania
Cancer, cardiac arrest, HIV and homelessness - and he's only 39

Incredible survival story of David Tovey

Tovey went from cooking for the Queen to rifling through bins for his supper. His is a startling story of endurance against the odds – and of a social safety net failing at every turn
Backhanders, bribery and abuses of power have soared in China as economy surges

Bribery and abuses of power soar in China

The bribery is fuelled by the surge in China's economy but the rules of corruption are subtle and unspoken, finds Evan Osnos, as he learns the dark arts from a master
Commonwealth Games 2014: Highland terriers stole the show at the opening ceremony

Highland terriers steal the show at opening ceremony

Gillian Orr explores why a dog loved by film stars and presidents is finally having its day
German art world rocked as artists use renowned fat sculpture to distil schnapps

Brewing the fat from artwork angers widow of sculptor

Part of Joseph Beuys' 1982 sculpture 'Fettecke' used to distil schnapps
BBC's The Secret History of Our Streets reveals a fascinating window into Britain's past

BBC takes viewers back down memory lane

The Secret History of Our Streets, which returns with three films looking at Scottish streets, is the inverse of Benefits Street - delivering warmth instead of cynicism
Joe, film review: Nicolas Cage delivers an astonishing performance in low budget drama

Nicolas Cage shines in low-budget drama Joe

Cage plays an ex-con in David Gordon Green's independent drama, which has been adapted from a novel by Larry Brown
How to make your own gourmet ice lollies, granitas, slushy cocktails and frozen yoghurt

Make your own ice lollies and frozen yoghurt

Think outside the cool box for this summer's tempting frozen treats
Ford Fiesta is UK's most popular car of all-time, with sales topping 4.1 million since 1976

Fiesta is UK's most popular car of all-time

Sales have topped 4.1 million since 1976. To celebrate this milestone, four Independent writers recall their Fiestas with pride
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Heaven scent: 10 best reed diffusers

Keep your rooms smelling summery and fresh with one of these subtle but distinctive home fragrances that’ll last you months
Commonwealth Games 2014: Female boxers set to compete for first time

Female boxers set to compete at Commonwealth Games for first time

There’s no favourites and with no headguards anything could happen
Five things we’ve learned so far about Manchester United under Louis van Gaal

Five things we’ve learned so far about United under Van Gaal

It’s impossible to avoid the impression that the Dutch manager is playing to the gallery a little