The late Ravi Shankar became known in the West through his association with The Beatles. But there was far more to the man George Harrison called the "godfather" of world music. He was a champion of crossover in its fullest sense. His sitar spoke to all our souls.

ROCK & JAZZ / At last, a style to call his own

ANYONE passing along the southern edge of Hyde Park this week may have noticed a smouldering ruin where the Albert Hall used to be. The culprit showed the Heritage Secretary not only a clean pair of heels but also an expensive pair of shoes. That man Paul Weller: he came and he rocked.

Joy of sax: Phil Johnson on saxophonist Pharoah Sanders

The 53-year-old Pharoah - the name comes from Farrell, his given Christian name, but is also a Black Consciousness riposte to the Kings, Counts and Dukes of jazz history - is an unlikely candidate for canonisation as a jazz-funk hero.

Everybody is in front: Ornette Coleman, the Ezra Pound of jazz, is in London this week. Phil Johnson asks him to define 'harmolodics'

There's a poem by Basil Bunting called 'On The Fly Leaf of Pound's Cantos'; 'There are the Alps', it goes, ' . . . you will have to go a long way round if you want to avoid them. It takes some getting used to. There are the Alps, fools] Sit down and wait for them to crumble]'

JAZZ / Sound of speed: Phil Johnson reviews Sonny Rollins at the Theatre Royal, Drury Lane

The pianist Paul Bley tells a story about starting his career in New York by playing a club date with Sonny Rollins. Bley waited nervously as the leader went into a solo on the first number. Chorus after chorus went by until, after an hour, Rollins passed the tune over to Bley and left the bandstand. Bley struggled manfully to maintain the flow as it dawned on him that Rollins had not only left the stand but left the club too. Eventually, after another hour had elapsed, he returned to bring the tune, and the first set, to a tumultuous close.

Obituary: Kenny Drew

Kenneth Sidney Drew, pianist and composer: born New York 28 August 1928; married (one son); died Copenhagen 4 August 1993.

Obituary: Sun Ra

SUN RA was no stranger to uninformed comment regarding his philosophy and dress-sense, but in trivialising his musical contribution, your obituary (by Steve Voce, 1 June) did history a disservice, writes Val Wilmer.

Review / Escaping from behind bars: Nick Kimberley on improvisation from Shiva Nova

ARE there intrinsic differences between what is improvised and what is notated? The ensemble Shiva Nova has consistently attempted to extend contemporary composition by bringing together performers from European and Asian traditions. Looking further afield, Shiva Nova's latest series of London concerts has embraced African music and jazz. In the Purcell Room, the final concert of the series began with two short marimba improvisations by Orphy Robinson, the London jazzman.

Dizzy Gillespie dies, aged 75

DIZZY GILLESPIE, the trumpeter, a towering figure in the history of jazz and co-creator with the saxophonist Charlie Parker in the 1940s of the immortal 'be- bop' style, died yesterday as one of his most famous tunes played gently in his hospital room. He was 75.

My Record Collection: COURTNEY PINE


JAZZ / Breaking out of the shadows: So long the boys in the background, the Brecker brothers are back together as a band in their own right. Jason Nisse met them

You can't get away from the Brecker brothers. Go to a club and any DJ worth their salt will spin their 1978 hit 'East River' ('Eeeast river, paaa de paaah. Put your hands together. Ha ha haaaah.') Go to a Paul Simon concert and who's that with the receding hairline and the tenor sax, being given his own song to play with? Mike Brecker. Go home and put on Bruce Springsteen's Born to Run. Who plays the lilting trumpet on 'Meeting Across The River'? Randy Brecker. Who are the razor-sharp horn section on '10th Avenue Freeze Out'? Randy, Mike and their long-time associate, David Sanborn, on alto sax.

RADIO / To criticise the critic of the critic

'JUST another chance for people to yap at each other about plays, films and books that you haven't seen or read and probably aren't going to,' began Humphrey Carpenter, presenting Night Waves, Radio 3's new arts show, in a perilous attempt at irony. Following two disappointing arts shows launched in the past few years - Third Ear (now axed) and Third Opinion - they might equally have called it Third Time Lucky. It's thrice-weekly, late-night (10.45-11.30pm), and, so far, competent rather than compulsive.

JAZZ DIARY / Jane Richards on Val Wilmer

Jazz photography has often received a bad press for perpetrating the most over-used, cliche-ridden images in photography - cigarette smoke against a black background comes most readily to mind. And British jazz photographer Val Wilmer, who over the past 40 years has consistently managed to steer clear of the cliches, has a good idea of how the reputation has stuck: 'Jazz photography is riddled with people who are not imaginative,' she says. 'It's the most extraordinary contradiction because here you have this vital, historical, revolutionary music, and when it comes to taking pictures, it's as if photographers are so mesmerised by the spectacle that they forget that they have to do something too. It's not enough to just point the camera and take a picture. You've got to get inside that moment - to interpret it, to find more.'

JAZZ DIARY / The stars look down: Phil Johnson talks to Louis Moholo about life after the Blue Notes.

Louis Moholo carries a heavy burden. As well as being one of the most exciting drummers in the world, he is also the last of his line: the sole surviving member of the original Blue Notes, the South African quartet who arrived in London in 1965 in flight from apartheid and ended up changing the course of British jazz. All the other Blue Notes have died in exile: trumpeter Mongezi Feza in 1975; bassist Johnny Dyani in 1986; pianist Chris McGregor and saxophonist Dudu Pukwana, both in 1990. Moholo is haunted by their memory; indeed, he says he still meets them in his dreams. Fittingly, his latest project, the Dedication Orchestra, is a tribute to the Blue Notes, and to the bassist Harry Miller - a member of Chris McGregor's Brotherhood of Breath - and to Dumile Feni and Princess Patience, two more exiled South African musicians.

Obituary: Kenji Nakagami

Kenji Nakagami, novelist, born Shingu Japan 1946, died Wakayama 12 August 1992.
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