News A mosquito waiting to be studied - scientists have identified the changes to the genes of the malaria parasite that make it resistant to one of the last effective drugs

Discovery of genes that confer resistance to the drug artemisinin is major step forward for treatment of the disease

Global warming is leading to climatic upheaval, say scientists

Experts have reached consensus after years of disagreement, reports Geoffrey Lean

Global warming 'will last centuries'

GLOBAL warming has already begun in earnest and is certain to continue for centuries, the world's leading experts have concluded, writes Geoffrey Lean. After years of caution, they have decided that pollution is at least partly to blame for an unprecedented heating of the world's climate over the past century, and that it will get even hotter as emissions build up.

Backpackers beware: bilharzia lurks in the lake

A mini-epidemic among young travellers returning from Africa is alarming British doctors. Liz Hunt on the symptoms to watch out for

Back from holiday, and you've got flu ... or is it?

Mefloquine, the anti-malaria drug, has been withdrawn from NHS prescription; we could see an alarming rise in the disease, says Roger Dobson

Survivors of the Japanese tell Tokyo of horror years

Richard Lloyd Parry reports on the opening of a mass compensation case brought by former PoWs

Army's trail of death in Burundi

David Orr in Kamenge, Bujumbura, saw a litter of corpses after the tanks rolled into a Hutu militia stronghold

When Johnnie came marching home

When Daddy Came Home Barry Turner & Tony Rennell Hutchinson £16.99

LETTERS: Remember the Merchant Navy on VE Day

From Mr J. E. Whitaker

A longer life for all? A better life? Can medicine keep one step ahead of disease? And can we afford it? n

ECONOMISTS predict that the 21st century will be an unmitigated disaster in health-care terms, because the young will have to support a huge ageing population. As usual, their claims are eyewash, because what they see as a catastrophe for society is, for most of us, a blessing. We shall be alive, instead of 6ft under.

THEATRE : The art of dirty fighting

THE National Theatre scored a deserved hit last year with Katie Mitchell's revival of Githa Sowerby's Rutherford and Son. But South Bank audiences only saw that play thanks to its rediscovery by two fringe companies in the 1980s; and Sowerby, hav ing hadher moment, was likely to have finished on the shelf as a one-play author. Fortunately, the fringe - in the shape of Bristol's Show of Strength company - has now returned to the Sowerby archive and come up with another remarkable piece.

HEALTH / Second Opinion

AROUND the world most people, including children, cannot drink as much as half a pint of milk without feeling unwell. The belief that raw milk is a natural part of the diet is limited to northern Europeans (and their descendants in North America). For most of the world's population, milk is for babies.

Travel Departures: Malaria in India

The plague scare in western India has receded, but a new threat has emerged: cerebral malaria. According to some reports, a strain of this mosquito-borne disease (Plasmodium falciparum) has killed more than 2,000 people in Rajasthan. Hundreds of deaths have also been attributed to malaria in the states of Manipur, Uttar Pradesh and Bihar.

Malaria deaths are linked to genetic traits

PEOPLE may die from infectious disease not because the infection is particularly virulent, but because their own genes have marked them down.

Letter: Epidemic disease under control

Sir: In your article about the present outbreak of cases of plague in India and other epidemic diseases ('Bugs from the past that pose threat to the future', 1 October), Liz Hunt claims that 'leprosy will cripple six million people this year'. The total estimated number of leprosy patients (not new patients in a year) in the world is about six million and less than half of these are crippled.

Bugs from past that pose threat to the future

THIS IS THE year of the 'Killer Bug': the year when the developed world was shaken by an apparent explosion of epidemics of diseases which it thought medical science had consigned to the history books.
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