News A mosquito waiting to be studied - scientists have identified the changes to the genes of the malaria parasite that make it resistant to one of the last effective drugs

Discovery of genes that confer resistance to the drug artemisinin is major step forward for treatment of the disease

Health: Out of Africa, malaria strikes back: Martyn Halle looks at how changes in our climate are letting the mosquito thrive again

When a species of mosquito normally resident in North Africa was found living on Anglesey, experts were astonished. The species, Anopheles algeriencis, was detected in 1988 and had survived in the hotter summers and warmer winters of recent years. Concerns are growing that climate changes could open the door to an invasion of tropical diseases.

Three catch malaria at airport in Paris

Paris - A man died and two people are ill after catching malaria at or near Charles de Gaulle airport. The Paris airport's chief doctor, Dr Michel Clerel, said they had probably been infected by a mosquito brought on a flight from a tropical country.

Spot Check: Travel Clinic

When you call the Travel Clinic, expect a recorded voice to answer. To get straight through to make an appointment, simply answer 'Yes' to the first question: 'Do you want to make or change an appointment?' and a human will pick up the phone. If you want to know more about vaccinations and/or the country you're going to, answer 'No' and you will be directed to the relevant information. Do not let this system put you off, it is actually quite helpful. Despite the fact that the clinic processes between 30 and 40 people a day, it's possible to arrange an appointment within 24 hours.

Newsbrief: Malaria boy found

A woman who did not realise her five-year-old son was critically ill with malaria after a Nigerian holiday took him to hospital yesterday after a radio appeal. Davis Anyanwu was being treated at the Queen Elizabeth Hospital for Children, Hackney. Police were contacted by the boy's doctor after tests revealed he could die unless he received immediate treatment.

Obituary: General Sir Philip Christison Bt

Alexander Frank Philip Christison, soldier and farmer: born 17 November 1893; MC 1915, 1917; Brig-Gen Staff 1941, Maj-Gen 1941, Lt-Gen 1942, General 1947; commanded 23rd and 15th Indian Corps 1942-45; CB 1943; KBE 1944, GBE 1948; DSO 1945; succeeded 1945 as fourth Bt; Temporary Commander, 14th Army 1945; C-in-C, ALFSEA 1945; Allied Commander, Netherland East Indies 1945- 46; GOC-in-C, Northern Command 1946; GOC-in-C Scottish Command and Governor of Edinburgh Castle 1947-49; ADC General to the King 1947-49; Col, The Duke of Wellington's Regiment 1947-57; Col, 10th Princess Mary's Own Gurkha Rifles 1947-57; author of Birds of Northern Baluchistan 1940, Birds of Arakan (with Aubrey Buxton) 1946; married 1916 Betty Mitchell (died 1974; two daughters, and one son and one daughter deceased), 1974 Vida Wallace-Smith (died 1992); died Melrose 21 December 1993.

Competition: Win a trip to centres of world science

NEXT WEEK is European Week for Scientific Culture. Celebrations of the cultural value of science as opposed simply to its technological or industrial applications are rare. This year, for the first time, there will be a pan-European celebration of this continent's scientific heritage. The festivities were prompted by an initiative from the European Commission, but they will embrace many countries outside the European Union.

Competition: Enter our science quiz and see stars in Las Palmas

TO CELEBRATE European Week for Scientific Culture, the Independent and the British Association for the Advancement of Science are offering young people aged 14 to 18 the chance to win a trip to the scientific centres of Europe and beyond.

Teresa 'better'

Mother Teresa appeared to be recovering from malaria, as tens of thousands of India's destitute prayed for her recovery, AP reports from New Delhi. 'She is stable and fine. Her condition is better than yesterday,' said Bijoy Kumar Dash, spokesman of the capital's All-India Institute of Medical Sciences. She was taken to hospital on Friday with malaria and on Sunday was reported to have breathing problems.

Contaminated water blamed for outbreak of disease that has left 200 dead

Lakshman Dharam Pagi lies in the doorway of his home, unable to move, a victim of a gastro-enteritis outbreak which, together with malaria, is reported to have killed almost 200 villagers in the Thane district, 100 miles from Bombay, in the past three months. Doctors blame the deaths on contaminated drinking water.

Travel Departures: Malaria memory

TO HELP travellers remember to take anti-malaria tablets at the right time, the Medical Advisory Service for Travellers Abroad (Masta) has produced a Malarial Wheel, a circular tablet dispenser that holds a 28-day supply of chloroquine and proguanil so that travellers no longer need to rely on memory to ensure they have taken the right tablet at the right time. It costs pounds 3.95 and is available from any British Airways Travel Clinic or by mail order from Masta, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT (071-631 4408).

Health Update: Malaria safeguard

A NEW calendar pack for dispensing malaria tablets has been designed by Medical Advisory Services for Travellers Abroad. The pack uses a 'wheel' that is turned each day to dispense the right combination of drugs.

HEALTH / Common Procedures: Blood tests

ALMOST everyone who goes into a hospital as an outpatient will have some blood taken from a vein for 'tests'. Laboratories can measure the blood content of thousands of substances, from chemicals to complex proteins such as antibodies to HIV. The test most commonly done is a full blood count (a relatively simple procedure, nowadays mostly fully automated) in which the numbers of red and white blood cells and the small blood-clotting cells, the platelets, are counted. The amount of red pigment, haemoglobin, is measured, and often a thin smear of the blood on a glass slide is stained and examined under a microscope. Often the results do no more than confirm the diagnosis made at the first consultation, but confirmation is reassuring for doctor and patient.

Travel: Departures: Malaria warning

SOME 10,000 British high-street chemists are taking part in a Malaria Alert] campaign to advise anyone travelling outside Europe and the United States of the antimalarial medicines and insect repellents they will need. In 1991, 13 people died in Britain from malaria contracted abroad, and 2,300 returned from the tropics infected with the disease.

Malaria pay-out

The family of Peter Smyth, a 45-year-old businessman who died after a London hospital failed to diagnose he was suffering from malaria, has been awarded pounds 900,000 agreed High Court damages. He died at Charing Cross hospital in February 1991.

Malaria warning

Travellers to countries where there is a risk of developing falciparum malaria, an increasingly drug resistant form of the disease, still benefit from taking preventive tablets, researchers say in today's edition of the British Medical Journal.
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