Bauhaus: Five things you need to know about the influential German design movement

Google Doodle is marking the 100th anniversary of the opening of the Bauhaus school in Weimar

Clémence Michallon
New York
Friday 12 April 2019 18:56 BST
Google Doodle marks 100 years since the Bauhaus was founded

A century has passed since the Bauhaus school was founded in Germany, leaving a durable mark on arts, design and architecture.

To mark the milestone Google commissioned a special, animated Doodle to mark the anniversary of the movement, to be unveiled on Friday.

Here are five things you should know about the Bauhaus, 100 years after its beginnings:

1. The original Bauhaus school moved across three cities in Germany

The Bauhaus's story begins in Weimar, where architect Walter Gropius founded the school in 1919.

It remained there until 1925, when it moved to Dessau.

The school's final location was Berlin, where it moved in 1932 and remained opened only until 1933.

2. Its goal was to bridge the gap between art and technical craft

The Bauhaus began as the merger of two existing institutions: the Weimar Academy of Arts and the Weimar School of Arts and Crafts, according to the Encyclopaedia Britannica.

One of the main goals was to erase the distinction between applied arts and fine arts, by teaching students to combine practicality and artful meaning.

3. Some of its lesser known trailblazers are female artists

Painters Paul Klee and Wassily Kandkinsky, sculptor and designer Oskar Schlemmer, and painter and photographer László Moholy-Nagy are among the best known members of the Bauhaus school.

But female artists also made valuable, groundbreaking contributions, although their names are not cited as often.

Industrial designer Marianne Brandt, weavers Gunta Stölzl and Benita Koch-Otte​, textile artist Otti Berger, and designer Alma Siedhoff-Buscher​ are among the many women who wrote part of the Bauhaus's history.

4. The Nazi regime forced the Bauhaus to shut down

The Bauhaus school, then based in Berlin, officially dissolved in April 1933 under pressure from the Nazis.

It had previously been forced out of Dessau after the Nazis had become the dominant political force in the city.

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5. The Bauhaus's influence can still be felt across the world today

While the school closed down in the 1930s, its curriculum kept being taught in arts school around the world.

Moholy-Nagy notably created the New Bauhaus in Chicago in 1937. The school, which remains open, has since been renamed the IIT Institute of Design.

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