Births: John III Sobieski, King of Poland, 1624; Donatien Alphonse- Francois, Marquis de Sade, writer and libertine, 1740; Robert Fuhrer, composer, 1807; Grace Aguilar, novelist and historian, 1816; Pope Pius X (Giuseppe Melchiorre Sarto), 1835; Thomas Hardy, novelist, 1840; Sir Edward William Elgar, composer, 1857; Paul Felix Weingartner, conductor, 1863; Arthur Stuart Menteth Hutchinson, novelist, 1879; Nubar Sarkis Gulbenkian, millionaire, 1896; Lotte Reiniger, film animator, 1899; (Peter John) Johnny Weissmuller, swimmer and film "Tarzan", 1903.
Deaths: Odo, Archbishop of Canterbury, 959; Alvaro de Luna, politician and poet, executed 1453; John Wilson, poet, 1789; Manuel del Ppolo Vicente Rodrguez Garca, tenor and composer, 1832; Maximilien Paul-Emile Littre, lexicographer, 1881; Giuseppe Garibaldi, Italian nationalist leader, 1882; Alexander Nikolaevich Ostrovsky, playwright, 1886; Sir Redvers Henry Buller VC, general, 1908; Friedrich Hegar, composer and conductor, 1927; Herman Darewski, composer, 1947; Emile-Auguste Chartier ("Alain"), philosopher, 1951; George Simon Kaufman, playwright, 1961; Victoria Mary Sackville- West, writer, 1962; George Alfred Brown, Baron George-Brown, statesman, 1985; Andres Segovia, guitarist, 1987; Sir Rex Carey Harrison, actor, 1990.
On this day: King Henry V of England married Catherine de Valois, 1420; Lord George Gordon led "No Popery Riots" in London, 1780; Corfu was occupied by Greek troops, 1864; Japan took possession of Formosa (Taiwan) from China, 1895; the world's first patent for wireless telegraphy was granted to Guglielmo Marconi, 1896; under the terms of the Snyder Act, US-born Indians became US citizens, 1924; clothes rationing began, 1941; the Coronation of Queen Elizabeth II took place in Westminster Abbey, 1953.
Today is the Feast Day of St Attalus, St Erasmus or Elmo, St Eugenius I, pope, Saints Marcellinus and Peter, St Nicholas Peregrinus, St Pothinus and his Companions and St Stephen of Sweden.
Join our new commenting forum
Join thought-provoking conversations, follow other Independent readers and see their replies