Network of 'plant sentinels' on the lookout for pests and diseases that threaten species native to Britain

Plants susceptible to invading beetles, fungi, bacteria and viruses are being grown near ports as part of an 'early warning' system

Ian Johnston
Sunday 08 February 2015 01:00
Comments
Ash dieback disease arrived in the UK in 2012
Ash dieback disease arrived in the UK in 2012

A network of “plant sentinels” is being set up to detect hundreds of new pests and diseases that experts fear could invade Britain in cargoes and as the climate changes.

The arrival of ash dieback in the UK in 2012 prompted fears that the tree could suffer a similar fate as the elm, which was almost wiped out by Dutch elm disease. And experts fear trees such as oak, birch and pine could be next.

A “risk register” of potential and emerging threats, set up in 2013, already has nearly 800 entries. Plants susceptible to the invading beetles, fungi, bacteria and viruses are being grown near places such as ports as part of an “early warning” system.

Botanic garden staff are also being asked to monitor their plants. An international network has been created to flag up pests that attack British native species in overseas gardens in case they turn up in the UK. British gardeners are performing the same role for other countries. The Government has committed £16.5m over five years to research tree diseases.

‘Sentinel’ plants aim to prevent diseases such as ash dieback taking hold in the UK

The problem will be highlighted at the Chelsea Flower Show in May in a garden commissioned by the UK’s Animal and Plant Health Agency called Beyond Our Borders. It will feature three climate zones separated by water representing the oceans. Metal springs that can “walk” will be used to represent the pests’ ability to move from one zone to another.

Among the non-native pests and diseases at the top of the risk register are the Asian longhorn beetle, from China and Korea which has caused extensive damage to trees in Italy; the emerald ash borer, which has killed millions of trees in the US and Canada; and the pine processionary moth, seen twice in Britain but thought to have been controlled. The moth has been expanding north through France since the 1990s, “possibly as a response to climate change” according to the Forestry Commission.

The Ash Borer is one of a number of highly destructive insects which pose a risk to trees

Ash dieback was first detected in a Buckinghamshire nursery in February 2012 which led to a ban on all imports of ash seeds and trees. However, Professor Nicola Spence, the UK’s chief plant health officer, said increased efforts were being made to stop such threats from arriving in the first place and to catch them sooner if they do by creating an early warning system. “We need to know our highest risks and make sure we do everything we can to act pre-border or at the border,” she said.

Professor Spence said it was more difficult to deal with spores or flying pests that can cross the English Channel and things able hitch a ride on a plane. “If they did come by that route, where should we look? We’ve got a network, a sentinel plants network, working with botanical gardens,” she said. “And by planting certain species and plants, we can start looking for these things.”

The sentinel network is being created by Botanic Gardens Conservation International. So far, 18 botanic gardens in countries including China, Australia, South Africa, Italy and Germany have signed up.

Register for free to continue reading

Registration is a free and easy way to support our truly independent journalism

By registering, you will also enjoy limited access to Premium articles, exclusive newsletters, commenting, and virtual events with our leading journalists

Please enter a valid email
Please enter a valid email
Must be at least 6 characters, include an upper and lower case character and a number
Must be at least 6 characters, include an upper and lower case character and a number
Must be at least 6 characters, include an upper and lower case character and a number
Please enter your first name
Special characters aren’t allowed
Please enter a name between 1 and 40 characters
Please enter your last name
Special characters aren’t allowed
Please enter a name between 1 and 40 characters
You must be over 18 years old to register
You must be over 18 years old to register
Opt-out-policy
You can opt-out at any time by signing in to your account to manage your preferences. Each email has a link to unsubscribe.

By clicking ‘Create my account’ you confirm that your data has been entered correctly and you have read and agree to our Terms of use, Cookie policy and Privacy notice.

This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google Privacy policy and Terms of service apply.

Already have an account? sign in

By clicking ‘Register’ you confirm that your data has been entered correctly and you have read and agree to our Terms of use, Cookie policy and Privacy notice.

This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google Privacy policy and Terms of service apply.

Register for free to continue reading

Registration is a free and easy way to support our truly independent journalism

By registering, you will also enjoy limited access to Premium articles, exclusive newsletters, commenting, and virtual events with our leading journalists

Already have an account? sign in

By clicking ‘Register’ you confirm that your data has been entered correctly and you have read and agree to our Terms of use, Cookie policy and Privacy notice.

This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google Privacy policy and Terms of service apply.

Join our new commenting forum

Join thought-provoking conversations, follow other Independent readers and see their replies

Comments

Thank you for registering

Please refresh the page or navigate to another page on the site to be automatically logged inPlease refresh your browser to be logged in