Prehistoric sea scorpion that grew to 6ft in length named after Trojan warship

Scientists call predator Pentecopterus, after the ancient 'penteconter' ship

John von Radowitz
Tuesday 01 September 2015 00:03
‘Pentecopterus decorahensis’ grew up to 6ft in length and was one of the most powerful predators of its era
‘Pentecopterus decorahensis’ grew up to 6ft in length and was one of the most powerful predators of its era

A monstrous creature from the distant past, named after a Trojan warship, could have stepped straight from the pages of Greek myth.

The newly discovered sea scorpion lived 467 million years ago and grew to a length of nearly 6ft.

It was one of the most powerful ocean predators of its time, with an exoskeleton “helmet” shielding its head, a sleek narrow body, and large grasping limbs for trapping prey. Scientists named the beast Pentecopterus decorahensis, after the “penteconter”– an ancient Greek ship rowed by 50 oarsmen that saw service in the Trojan War.

Although they look like relatives of lobsters, sea scorpions, or eurypterids, were the ancestors of modern spiders.

Lead researcher Dr James Lamsdell, from Yale University, said: “The new species is incredibly bizarre. The shape of the paddle – the leg which it would use to swim – is unique, as is the shape of the head.”

The creature, described in the journal BMC Evolutionary Biology, was identified from more than 150 fossil fragments excavated from the Winneshiek Shale in north-east Iowa, in the US.

Some of the body segments suggest a total length of up to 1.7m (5ft 7in), making it the largest known eurypterid from its era.

Press Association

Register for free to continue reading

Registration is a free and easy way to support our truly independent journalism

By registering, you will also enjoy limited access to Premium articles, exclusive newsletters, commenting, and virtual events with our leading journalists

Already have an account? sign in

By clicking ‘Register’ you confirm that your data has been entered correctly and you have read and agree to our Terms of use, Cookie policy and Privacy notice.

This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google Privacy policy and Terms of service apply.

Join our new commenting forum

Join thought-provoking conversations, follow other Independent readers and see their replies


Thank you for registering

Please refresh the page or navigate to another page on the site to be automatically logged inPlease refresh your browser to be logged in