Where the general election campaign was won and lost

Andrew Grice weighs up where it went right for the Tories – and where Labour went wrong

Jeremy Corbyn, left, and Boris Johnson have two different visions for the economy
Jeremy Corbyn, left, and Boris Johnson have two different visions for the economy

How was the election won and lost? The history books will call it a “Brexit election” that remade the UK’s political map, and say it was a personal triumph for Boris Johnson. But it was also a verdict on Jeremy Corbyn’s four years as Labour leader – and a much less flattering final one than his unexpected success in depriving Theresa May of her majority in 2017.

With Labour lurching left and Mr Johnson apparently wooing the Eurosceptic right, the contest offered a huge opportunity to the Liberal Democrats to come through the middle. Jo Swinson allowed Mr Johnson the election he wanted. But her policy of revoking Article 50 was seen as extreme. A split in the Remain vote between Labour and the Lib Dems helped the Tories, while antipathy between the two opposition parties did not encourage anti-Tory tactical voting.

In this campaign, there was not a single turning point, but here are 10 of the most important factors:

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