Vladimir Putin was said to be livid. It was bad enough that more than a dozen EU countries had collectively decided to expel Russian diplomats over the poisoning of former intelligence operative, Sergei Skripal, in the UK.
But the diplomatic offensive was announced by EU chief Donald Tusk in the Black Sea resort city of Varna in Bulgaria – a country the Kremlin consider to be within its political and economic sphere of influence.
So Russia’s network of Bulgarian influencers who dominate the country’s political, economic and media landscape went into action. Within days of Tusk’s announcement, in March 2018, Bulgaria’s Kremlin-friendly president Rumen Radev called a press conference to clarify his country’s stance on the Skripal poisonings. Days earlier, Russian military intelligence officials had entered the UK and allegedly used the chemical weapon novichok against a turncoat former spy and his daughter, ultimately killing a UK national exposed to the deadly toxin.
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