GameStop: Reddit users claim victory as $13bn hedge fund closes position, accepting huge losses

Melvin Capital says it has closed its short position after social media users push struggling games retailers shares to meteoric rise

Ben Chapman
Monday 01 February 2021 15:10 GMT
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A $13bn hedge fund has been left with huge losses after an army of amateur investors coordinating via social media pumped up the price of video game retailer GameStop tenfold in just a few weeks.

Melvin Capital had bet against GameStop by short-selling its shares, meaning it stood to gain if the price went down and lose if it went up.

Members of the Reddit thread “wallstreetbets” decided to pile in to GameStop with the aim of pushing up the share price to inflict losses on short-sellers including Melvin Capital.

Read more: Hedge funds and short-selling stock: How and why Gamestop shook the stock market

The move, known as a “short squeeze”, saw GameStop’s shares surge from a little over $17 at the start of the year to almost $150 when trading closed on Tuesday.  

It then more than doubled again in after-hours trading after Tesla boss Elon Musk,  who has had his own battles with short-sellers in the past, tweeted to his 42 million followers “Gamestonk!”.

Hedge funds and others that bet against GameStop have collectively lost more than $5bn, according to data analytics company S3.

Follow live: GameStop stock news latest updates and Robinhood backlash

Melvin Capital boss Gabe Plotkin told CNBC that his fund had closed its position in GameStop on Tuesday. That came after Melvin Capital’s backers Citadel and Point72 pumped almost $3bn into the fund to keep it afloat.

Another short-seller, Citron Research, was also stung by GameStop’s meteoric rise. Citron boss Andrew Left told Bloomberg he had covered most of his short position “at a loss of 100 per cent”.

Some Reddit users boasted of significant returns, having bought GameStop shares or options for less than $20.

GameStop shares dropped sharply from more than $340 in after-hours trading to $250 on Wednesday morning in New York before rebounding to $350. The price had been as low as $6 at points last year and GameStop is not forecast to make a profit until at least 2023. 

Read more:  How Reddit users grew GameStop’s stock tenfold fighting Wall Street

Its share price means the loss-making retailer is valued at $24bn.

Amateur investors face big losses when the shares eventually return to something approaching a rational price based on the company’s prospects and ability to make money.

The episode has ignited debate about the ethics and legality of social media users joining together to inflate stock prices. 

Fund manager Michael Burry warned that GameStop’s share price was out of control, tweeting that the situation was “unnatural, insane, and dangerous”.

In a now-deleted post he said that there should be “legal and regulatory repercussions”. Mr Burry, who gained notoriety after being portrayed by Christian Bale in Hollywood movie The Big Short,  reportedly made a 15-fold return on his own fund’s investment in GameStop. 

Reddit traders have now turned their attention to another struggling company, cinema chain AMC. Its share price jumped 200 per cent in early trading on Wednesday after a flurry of social media posts calling for investors to buy the stock.

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