More infectious Delta variant accounts for one in 10 Covid cases

Tests on more than 100,000 people in England showed that 11.8 per cent carried the variant

Thomas Kingsley
Thursday 18 November 2021 16:28
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A mutation of the Covid-19 Delta variant which has been found to be more infectious is now responsible for one in 10 Covid cases in England.

The latest results from a REACT-1 study by Imperial University found that the AY.4.2 variant, which is more infectious but less likely to cause symptoms, is growing at a rate of 2.8 per cent a day.

Tests carried out between 19 October and 5 November on more than 100,000 people in England showed that 11.8 per cent carried the variant.

However, the data showed only a third of those with the AY.4.2 variant had the common Covid symptoms of fever, persistent cough or a loss or change in taste or smell compared to 46 per cent of people with the original form of the Delta variant.

They were also less likely to show any other symptoms.

The variant, which is being closely tracked by the UK Health Security Agency, is an evolved form of the Delta variant.

Professor Paul Elliott, director of the REACT programme at Imperial College London, said the variant appeared to be even more infectious than the more common Delta version of the virus.

“It is preferentially appearing to be more transmissible,” he said. “Why it is more transmissible we don’t know. It does seem to be less symptomatic, which is a good thing.

Professor Christl Donnelly, also a researcher on the study, said it wasn’t clear how the variant would impact the pandemic.

“If it is less likely to be symptomatic, then it means it gets tested for less, and people may be out,” she said. “On the other hand, if they are not coughing it might be spreading less far in distance.”

The UK Health Security Agency declared AY.4.2 a ‘variant under investigation’ on 20 October.

The full results of the latest round of the study confirmed what daily recorded cases and other prevalence surveys have shown - that infection levels dropped from that peak, corresponding with a half-term school holiday in late October.

Professor Elliott said that there was uncertainty over whether that drop had continued, and the next few weeks would establish whether cases were rising again with the return of schools.

The REACT-1 study also found that booster doses reduced the risk of infection in adults by two-thirds compared with people who had two doses.

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