Births: Edward Cave, printer and publisher of the Gentleman's Magazine, 1691; Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, poet, 1807; Dame Ellen Alicia Terry, actress, 1847; Henry Edwards Huntington, railway promoter, 1850; Rudolf Steiner, social philosopher, 1861; Enrico Caruso, operatic tenor, 1873; Luitzen Egbertus Jan Brouwer, mathematician, 1881; Charles Herbert Best, co-discoverer of insulin as a diabetes treatment, 1899; Marino Marini, sculptor, 1901; John Ernst Steinbeck, author, 1902; James Thomas Farrell, novelist, 1904.
Deaths: John Evelyn, diarist, 1706; John Arbuthnot, satirist and creator of the character ``John Bull'', 1735; Francis Marion, (the ``Swamp Fox''), American revolutionary commander, 1795; Hugues-Flicit-Robert de Lamennais, church reformer, 1854; George Manson, painter, 1876; Adam Sedgwick, zoologist, 1913; Ivan Petrovich Pavlov, physiologist, 1936; Peter Behrens, architect, 1940; John Dickson Carr, writer of detective stories, 1976; Joan Greenwood, actress, 1987; Lillian Gish (Lillian Diana de Guiche), actress, 1993.
On this day: the British Labour Party was founded, 1900; the Reichstag in Berlin burned following what was called a ``Communist plot'' by Hitler, 1933; General Franco's government in Spain was recognised by Britain and France, 1939; Borley Rectory, England's most haunted house, burned down, 1939; the Gulf War ended after Iraqi troops retreated and Kuwait was liberated, 1991.
Today is the Feast Day of St Alnoth, St Anne Line, St Baldomerius or Galmier, St Gabriel Possenti, St Herefrith of Louth, St John of Gorze, Saints Julian, Cronion, Besas and Eunus, St Leander of Seville and St Thalelaeus the Hermit.
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