An international human rights group has asked Sri Lanka to conduct an impartial investigation into prison unrest and the use of live ammunition by guards that resulted in the death of eight inmates and injuries to 59 others.
Amnesty International said authorities should examine the underlying causes of the unrest at Mahara prison which began Sunday evening and continued into Monday.
“Yesterday’s incident reflects the anxiety among prisoners about the threat of COVID-19 within severely overcrowded prisons and the inadequate measures in place to protect them," said David Griffiths, director of the Office of the Secretary General at Amnesty International.
"There is already a swelling number of inmates across the country who have tested positive for COVID-19," he said in a statement.
Pandemic-related unrest has been growing in Sri Lanka’s overcrowded prisons. Inmates have staged protests in recent weeks at several prisons as the number of coronavirus cases surges in the facilities.
Police said the unrest at Mahara prison in Western Province turned into a riot when the inmates allegedly tried to take control of the prison and many tried to escape. Prison offices and property were damaged in the melee, police said.
An inmate was killed in similar unrest at another prison last week. Two died in March.
More than a thousand inmates at five prisons have tested positive for the coronavirus and at least two have died. About 50 prison guards have also tested positive.
Sri Lankan prisons are highly congested with more than 26,000 inmates crowded into facilities with a capacity of 10,000.
Amnesty International also asked authorities to consider alternatives to custody, such as parole or early release, especially of detainees who do not pose a significant threat to the public, in order to ease the congestion. It also asked that prisoners be provided the same standard of healthcare that is available in the community, including prevention, testing and treatment for COVID-19.
Sri Lanka is in the midst of a surge in coronavirus infections with 23,987 confirmed cases, including 118 deaths. Only 13 deaths were reported between March, when the first case was detected in the country, and October.