Armed police are being sent to save the lives of people in cardiac arrest because ambulances “can’t cope” with demand, The Independent can reveal.
Officers are spending up to a third of their time on non-policing matters, a watchdog has warned, including responding to mental health crises and transporting patients to A&E as ambulance services face a “chronic crisis situation”.
Andy Cooke, HM chief inspector of constabulary, said that firearms officers have been responding to pleas from struggling NHS colleagues to respond to cardiac arrests.
He told The Independent that police are becoming the “first, last and only resort” as NHS services buckle under strain, taking them away from tackling crime at a time when recorded offences are at a record high in England and Wales.
Mr Cooke, the former chief constable of Merseyside Police, added: “Recently, officers in armed response vehicles (ARVs) were being sent to reports of people who were having cardiac arrests because the ambulance service couldn’t cope with the demand, because they’re trained in first aid and to use defibrillators.
“The ambulance service contacted the police to say ‘we’ve got this heart patient and we haven’t got anyone to send’.
“Being first, last and only resort, the police will go. It’s right that they did go but that hides the problems we’ve got in the rest of the system.”
One officer who spoke to The Independent anonymously said armed police were regularly being sent to ambulance calls in his force area.
“I see logs every day saying ‘cardiac arrest – can you send an ARV?’” he added. “One even involved a terminally ill patient and I wonder about ringing for an ambulance and police with guns turn up.”
NHS leaders have warned that ambulance services are facing a “chronic crisis situation” as response times worsen and 999 calls hit record highs.
All 10 of the country’s ambulance services were on “black alert”, the highest level possible, last month, with patients needing urgent responses for conditions such as a suspected stroke left waiting for up to two hours.
A parliamentary report warned last week the NHS and the social care sector were facing the “greatest workforce crisis” in their history and said “persistent understaffing” was putting patients’ lives at risk. Long waits for ambulances and A&E services have been exacerbated by record absences fuelled by Covid.
The National Police Chiefs’ Council said officers were having to transport patients to hospital due to a lack of ambulances, which sometimes means they must wait for hours in A&E with mentally ill and vulnerable people who have not committed a crime.
The national lead for local policing, Chief Constable Olivia Pinkney, said: “It reduces the police ability to fight crime and protect people in all the wider ways we should.
“It can also put officers in situations where they are having to make decisions that they are not best placed to make, despite their best endeavours.”
Ms Pinkney said police were being relied upon for functions that should be performed by other emergency services or public bodies, adding: “Preservation of life will always be our number one priority when helping someone in need.
“We are working at pace with our emergency service partners, local authorities and government to ensure this problem can be solved, but we should not be the service of first resort in these situations.”
Mr Cooke said it was legitimate for police to assist health professionals in violent incidents or when crimes are committed, but added: “Officers are still doing roles they shouldn’t be doing.
“Once a situation has calmed that should be the end of the response – not six to eight hours sat with people in hospitals.”
Demand for emergency ambulances hit a record high for June this year, with the NHS answering 900,000 urgent calls. The average response time for category two patients, which include those suffering strokes and heart attacks, was 51 minutes – far longer than the target of 18 minutes.
The Association of Ambulance Chief Executives said police transporting patients to hospitals was “not a desirable situation”.
Managing director Martin Flaherty added: “It is clearly not in the best interests of patients, it puts police officers in an incredibly difficult position and it absorbs valuable police resources.”
Police leaders have also raised concerns about surging callouts to mental health crises that are not criminal incidents, with a watchdog report previously warning officers were being forced to “pick up the pieces” of a “broken” mental healthcare system.
Mr Cooke warned the additional demands on police would have an impact on officers’ ability to tackle crime, saying: “When we look at how policing can improve, we can’t just look at policing – we need to look at those factors that are influencing policing away from what the public would like them to do.
“The rest of the system needs to stand up and be counted – mental health, the NHS, the ambulance service, other professionals.
“I accept the challenges they’ve got. Because they’ve gone through long periods of austerity we’ve got far less social workers and youth workers, we’ve got far less people involved in mental health but it can’t keep coming back to policing to deal with those issues.”
His comments come after recorded crime hit a new high in England and Wales, while the proportion of offences resulting in a charge has plummeted to a record low of 5.6 per cent. The figure for rape is just 1.3 per cent.
Mr Cooke said the figures partly reflected improved recording practices rather than a “massive explosion in crime”, but warned that charge rates were “just not good enough”.
He called for police to get “back to basics” by properly responding to victims and making the most of investigative tools and crime prevention opportunities”, but added: “Police need to have sufficient time and resources to go and do what the public would expect them to do.”
The headline of this article was amended on August 9 2022 to remove a reference to ‘heart attack patients’. This was inaccurate and should have read ‘cardiac arrest patients’.